Cochinoca Department

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Cochinoca
Department
Departamento Cochinoca (Jujuy - Argentina).png
Coordinates: 22°43′22″S 65°41′48″W / 22.72278°S 65.69667°W / -22.72278; -65.69667
Country  Argentina
Province Jujuy
Area[1]
 • Total 7,837 km2 (3,026 sq mi)
Population (2001)[1][2]
 • Total 12,111
 • Density 1.5/km2 (4/sq mi)

Cochinoca is a department located in the Jujuy Province, (Argentina). According to 2005 INDEC estimates, it had a population of 13,301 inhabitants.

History[edit]

Puesto del Marqés, in the Cochinoca Departament

When the Spanish conquistadors arrived in the region in the third decade of the sixteenth century they found indigenous, casabindos and cochinocas (partially originating from a mixture of likan antai and omaguacas). These were living in a large zone with abundant mineral resources and from the fifteenth century up to this point have been affected by quechua invaders. This may account for Cochinoca becoming the most important village in the Puna area of Argentina.

The Cochinoca populous was founded in the early seventeenth century and by the end of that century it had between 600 and 800 inhabitants.

Because of the displacement of the route through the village, the loss of its status as head of the department in favour of Abra Pampa, as well as the east-bound train line and the decrease in minerals, by 1915 its population was reduced to 45 people.

Municipalities and Commissions[edit]

1. Abdón Castro Tolay
2. Abralaite
3. Abra Pampa
4. Puesto del Marqués

Districts[edit]

Sites[edit]

  • Nuevo Arbolito
  • Cangrejos
  • Miniaio
  • Tambillos
  • San José de Miraflores
  • Rachaite
  • Quichuagua
  • Muñayoc
  • Cince
  • Doncellas Chicas
  • Doncellas Grandes
  • Rumi Cruz
  • Potrero
  • Santa Ana de La Puna
  • Agua Caliente de la Puna
  • Agua Caliente
  • Lulluchayoc
  • La Redonda


References[edit]

Coordinates: 22°43′22″S 65°41′48″W / 22.72278°S 65.69667°W / -22.72278; -65.69667