Coffee production in Ivory Coast

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Coffee production in Ivory Coast is important for the economy of the country as coffee is the second largest export commodity of the country.[1] It was the largest coffee producer in Africa in the 1970s and 1980s,[2] and one of the largest robusta producers in the world.[3] Today however, Ivorian coffee production has been far superseded by Vietnam and Brazil. It ranks only 12th in the world ranking.

History[edit]

Coffee plants were introduced into the country in the 19th century by French colonizers.[4] Following World War II, coffee production increased from 36,000 tons in 1945 to 112,500 tons in 1958.[5] After Ivory Coast became independent (in 1960), coffee production peaked in the 1970s making it the third-largest coffee-producing country in the world, after Brazil and Colombia, before the civil war unsettled cultivation.[1] Coffee production and policy are derived from the era when Ivory Coast was a colony of French West Africa. This has attracted French companies to invest in the sector.[6]

Production[edit]

Ivory Coast produces mostly robusta coffee.[7]

According to the FAOSTAT database of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, production of "green" (i.e., unroasted) coffee beans in the Ivory Coast was the following (in tons):[8]

Year Coffee
Produced
(tons)
1965 202,105
1970 279,610
1975 270,400
1980 249,608
1985 277,082
1990 285,164
1995 194,968
2000 380,000
2005 230,000
2010 94,372
2011 32,291
2012 121,426
2013 103,743

Production of green robusta coffee output in the nation peaked at 380,000 tons in 2000.[9] Production subsequently declined over more than a decade of upheaval in the country, particularly during the First Ivorian Civil War (2002–2007) and Second Ivorian Civil War (2010–2011).[9] In 2014, the Ivorian agriculture minister announced a new annual production target of 400,000 tons of coffee by 2020, about four times its present rate.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Fifteen Ivory Coast Coffee and Cocoa Regulators Sentenced to Prison". Daily Coffee News. 6 November 2013. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
  2. ^ Hamilton 2004, p. 60.
  3. ^ "Coffee From Around The World". National Coffee Association of U.S.A., Inc. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  4. ^ Habeeb 2014, p. 55.
  5. ^ Thurston, Morris & Steiman 2013, p. 253.
  6. ^ Skinner 1964, p. 5.
  7. ^ "Ivory Coast targets coffee production of 400,000 T by 2020". Reuters. 18 November 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
  8. ^ FAOSTAT Dataset search (Côte d'Ivoire, green coffee, all years) for data through 2011. For data after 2011, data is from FAOSTAT3 dataset.
  9. ^ a b c Ivory Coast targets coffee production of 400,000 T by 2020, Reuters (November 18, 2015).

Bibliography[edit]

  1. ^ Habeeb 2014, p. 55.