Colón Province

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Colón Province

Provincia de Colón
Colon Panama.jpg
Flag of Colón Province
Flag
Location of Colón Province in Panama
Location of Colón Province in Panama
Coordinates: 9°10′N 80°10′W / 9.167°N 80.167°W / 9.167; -80.167Coordinates: 9°10′N 80°10′W / 9.167°N 80.167°W / 9.167; -80.167
CountryPanama
Founded1855
Capital cityColón City
Area
 • Total4,575.5 km2 (1,766.6 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
 • Total294,060
 • Density64/km2 (170/sq mi)
 official estimate[1]
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern Time)
ISO 3166 codePA-3
HDI (2017)0.799[2]
high

Colón (Spanish pronunciation: [koˈlon]) is a province of Panama. The capital is the city of Colón. It covers an area of 4,575.5 sq.km, and the latest estimate of population (for 2019) is 294,060.[3]

Overview[edit]

This province has traditionally been focused in commerce (through the Colón Free Zone, Panama Canal and its banking activities), but also has natural resources that are being developed as tourist attraction, such as coral reefs and rainforests. During the Spanish colonial period, the Colon region of Panama was the center of trade, commerce, and overall economy for the Spanish. They imported many black African slaves to this area to work in Panama and to ship to other Spaniard colonies.

Most of the black population in Panama is centered in the Province of Colon. Panama has two distinct groups of blacks. The first and earliest blacks were those who came as slaves as early as the fifteenth century, through much of the nineteenth century. They are of mixed African and Spanish descent. This group is known as Cimarrones, Afro Colonials, Nativos, Playeros, Congos. These terms have proven crucial[citation needed] in establishing that these are the first and original blacks of the Republic of Panama. Afro Colonials have held on to their culture and adopted Hispanic customs, traits, and cultures. They took and assumed Spanish names and surnames. They also developed the beginning of Panama's black population and culture, in pure and in mixed forms. They have been incorporated into Panamanian and Spanish-speaking society, as a result.

In the nineteenth century, beginning as early as the 1840s, blacks from the Caribbean and West Indies immigrated to Panama to assist to build the Panama Railway and the Panama Canal. Later many blacks from all over the Caribbean and West Indies, especially from Jamaica and Barbados, settled here between the years of 1880 and 1920 to build the Panama Canal. Many later settled in the Colon Province. This group of Caribbean and/or West Indian origin are called Afro Antillanos by the Hispanic Panamanians. They have assimilated to the Hispanic culture and Panama as well as holding on to aspects of their descent and culture. They have influenced the cuisine and music of Panama. Most importantly, their influence on music, especially from those of Jamaican descent invented and created Reggaeton.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Colón Province is divided into 5 distritos (districts) and subdivided into 40 corregimientos.[4]

Distrito Area
(km2)
Population

Estimate
2010[5]

Population

Estimate
2019[6]

Notes
Chagres 445 10,282 11,342
Colón 1,180 218,604 253,366 Contains city of Colón
Donoso 1,826 13,165 14,798 Western part of Province
Portobelo 397 9,382 10,581
Santa Isabel 727 3,530 3,973 Eastern part of Province
District
Corregimientos (Subdivisions)
Cabecera (Seat)
Colón District Barrio Norte1, Barrio Sur1, Buena Vista, Cativá, Ciricito, Sabanitas, Salamanca, Limón, Nueva Providencia, Puerto Pilón, Cristóbal, Escobal, San Juan, Santa Rosa Colón City
Chagres District Nuevo Chagres, Achiote, El Guabo, La Encantada, Palmas Bellas, Piña, Salud Nuevo Chagres
Donoso District Miguel de la Borda, Coclé del Norte, El Guásimo, Gobea, Río Indio, San José del General Miguel de la Borda
Portobelo District San Felipe de Portobelo, Cacique, Garrote, Isla Grande, María Chiquita San Felipe de Portobelo
Santa Isabel District Palenque, Cuango, Miramar, Nombre de Dios, Palmira, Playa Chiquita, Santa Isabel, Viento Frío Palenque

1 - These corregimientos represent as Colón City.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censo, Panama.
  2. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  3. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censo, Panama.
  4. ^ "Municipios (Distritos) de Colón". Editorial OX. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  5. ^ As at 1 July 2010; adjusted for under-enumeration in 2010 Census. Source: Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censo, Ciudad de Panamá.
  6. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censo, Ciudad de Panamá.