Clive in the play Journey's End (1929)
|Born||Colin Glenn Clive-Greig
20 January 1900
Saint-Malo, Brittany, France
|Died||25 June 1937
Hollywood, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||tuberculosis|
|Spouse(s)||Jeanne de Casalis
(m.1929-1937; his death)
|Parent(s)||Colin Philip Greig
Caroline Margaret Lugard Clive
Colin Clive (20 January 1900 – 25 June 1937) was an English stage and screen actor best remembered for his portrayal of Dr. Henry Frankenstein in James Whale's two Universal Frankenstein films Frankenstein and Bride of Frankenstein.
Colin Glenn Clive-Greig was born in Saint-Malo, France, to an English colonel, Colin Philip Greig, and his wife, Caroline Margaret Lugard Clive. He attended Stonyhurst College and subsequently Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, where an injured knee disqualified him from military service and contributed to his becoming a stage actor.
Clive created the role of Steve Baker, the white husband of racially mixed Julie LaVerne, in the first London production of Show Boat; the production featured Cedric Hardwicke and Paul Robeson. Clive first worked with James Whale in the Savoy Theatre production of Journey's End and subsequently joined the British community in Hollywood in the 1930s, repeating his stage role in the 1930 film version of Journey's End, which was directed by Whale.
Clive's first screen role, in Journey's End, was also directed by James Whale. Clive played the tormented alcoholic Captain Stanhope, a character that (much like Clive's other roles) mirrored his personal life. He was an in-demand leading man for a number of major film actresses of the era, including Katharine Hepburn, Bette Davis, Corinne Griffith and Jean Arthur. He starred as Edward Rochester in a 1934 adaptation of Jane Eyre opposite Virginia Bruce. He was a descendant of Clive of India and appeared in a featured role in a film biography of his ancestor in 1935.
Clive's alcoholism was apparent to his co-stars, as he was often seen napping on set and sometimes was so intoxicated that he had to be held upright for over-the-shoulder shots. Clive was tormented by the medical threat of amputating his long-damaged leg.
Forrest J Ackerman recalled visiting Clive's body in the funeral parlour. "As I recall, he had a dressing gown on and he was calmly lying there. And he looked very much like that scene in Bride". Over 300 mourners turned out. One of the pallbearers was Peter Lorre.
His cenotaph is located at Chapel of the Pines Crematory, but his ashes were scattered at sea in 1978 after they spent over 40 years unclaimed in the basement of the funeral parlour where his body was brought after his death.
- Journey's End (1930)
- The Stronger Sex (1931)
- Frankenstein (1931)
- Lily Christine (1932)
- Christopher Strong (1933)
- Looking Forward (1933)
- The Key (1934)
- One More River (1934)
- Jane Eyre (1934) (as Mr. Rochester)
- Clive of India (1935)
- The Right to Live (1935)
- Bride of Frankenstein (1935)
- The Girl from 10th Avenue (1935)
- Mad Love (1935)
- The Man Who Broke the Bank at Monte Carlo (1935)
- The Widow from Monte Carlo (1935)
- History Is Made at Night (1937)
- The Woman I Love (1937)
- "Colin Clive, Actor Dies in Hollywood. Star of Screen and Stage, 37, Scored First Hit as Stanhope in 'Journey's End'. Made Debut Here in 1930. Appeared in 'Clive of India,' a Picture Based on Life of His Ancestor Descendant of Empire Builder Played Frankenstein Role.". New York Times. 26 June 1937.
- Colin Clive at the Internet Movie Database
- Morris, Gary (July 1997). "Sexual Subversion: The Bride of Frankenstein". Bright Lights Film Journal (19). Retrieved January 7, 2008.
- Vieira, Mark A. (2003). Hollywood Horror: From Gothic to Cosmic. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. p. 82. ISBN 0-8109-4535-5.
- Mank, Gregory William (2001). Hollywood Cauldron: Thirteen Horror Films From the Genre's Golden Age. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co., Inc. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-7864-1112-2.
- "Colin Clive". Find a Grave. Retrieved 28 August 2010.
- Blogspot, greenbriarpictureshows.blogspot.co.uk, January 2006; accessed 31 October 2014.
- Rowell, George; Jackson, Anthony; Jackson, Tony (1984). The Repertory Movement: A History of Regional Theatre in Britain. Cambridge University Press. p. 71. ISBN 9780521319195.
- "Hull Little Theatre - Performers Who Will Be Seen in Next Week's Play" (12462). Hull, England: Daily Mail. September 12, 1925. p. 2.
- "Little Theatre Anti-Climax - Unworthy Finish to Highly Successful Season" (12512). Hull, England: Daily Mail. November 10, 1925. p. 8.
- Curtis, James (1998). James Whale: A New World of Gods and Monsters. Boston, Faber and Faber; ISBN 0-571-19285-8.
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