Clive in the 1929 production of Journey's End
|Born||Colin Glenn Clive-Greig|
20 January 1900
Saint-Malo, Brittany, France
|Died||25 June 1937 (aged 37)|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Cause of death||Pneumonia|
|Resting place||Chapel of the Pines Crematory|
|Education||Stonyhurst College |
Royal Military Academy Sandhurst
(m. 1922; her death 1929)
Jeanne de Casalis
(m. 1929; died 1937)
Colin Clive (born Colin Glenn Clive-Greig; 20 January 1900 – 25 June 1937) was a British-American stage and screen actor. His most memorable role was Henry Frankenstein in the 1931 monster film Frankenstein and its 1935 sequel, Bride of Frankenstein.
Clive was born in Saint-Malo, France, to an English colonel, Colin Philip Greig, and his wife, Caroline Margaret Lugard Clive. He attended Stonyhurst College and subsequently Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, where an injured knee disqualified him from military service and contributed to his becoming a stage actor.
Clive created the role of Steve Baker, the white husband of racially mixed Julie LaVerne, in the first London production of Show Boat; the production featured Cedric Hardwicke and Paul Robeson. Clive first worked with James Whale in the Savoy Theatre production of Journey's End and subsequently joined the British community in Hollywood, repeating his stage role in the film version.
Clive's first screen role, in Journey's End (1930), was also directed by James Whale. Clive played the tormented alcoholic Captain Stanhope, a character that (much like Clive's other roles) mirrored his personal life. He was an in-demand leading man for a number of major film actresses of the era, including Katharine Hepburn, Bette Davis, Corinne Griffith and Jean Arthur. He starred as Edward Rochester in the 1934 adaptation of Jane Eyre opposite Virginia Bruce. He was a descendant of Clive of India and appeared in a featured role in a film biography of his ancestor in 1935.
Clive's alcoholism was apparent to his co-stars, as he was often seen napping on set and sometimes was so intoxicated that he had to be held upright for over-the-shoulder shots. Clive was tormented by the medical threat of amputating his long-damaged leg.
Forrest J Ackerman recalled visiting Clive's body in the funeral parlour: "As I recall, he had a dressing gown on and he was calmly lying there. And he looked very much like that scene in Bride". Over 300 mourners turned out. One of the pallbearers was Peter Lorre. His cenotaph is located at Chapel of the Pines Crematory.
- Journey's End (1930) - Capt. Denis Stanhope
- Frankenstein (1931) - Henry Frankenstein
- The Stronger Sex (1931) - Warren Barrington
- Lily Christine (1932) - Rupert Harvey
- Christopher Strong (1933) - Sir Christopher Strong
- Looking Forward (1933) - Geoffrey Fielding
- The Key (1934) - Capt. Andrew 'Andy' Kerr
- One More River (1934) - Sir Gerald Corven
- Jane Eyre (1934) - Edward Rochester
- Clive of India (1935) - Capt. Johnstone
- The Right to Live (1935) - Maurice
- Bride of Frankenstein (1935) - Henry Frankenstein
- The Girl from 10th Avenue (1935) - John Marland
- Mad Love (1935) - Stephen Orlac
- The Man Who Broke the Bank at Monte Carlo (1935) - Bertrand Berkeley
- The Widow from Monte Carlo (1935) - Lord Eric Reynolds
- History Is Made at Night (1937) - Bruce Vail
- The Woman I Love (1937) - Capt. Thelis (final film role)
- "Colin Clive (1900–1937)". Find a Grave. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
- Colin Clive on IMDb
- "Colin Clive, Actor, Dies in Hollywood". New York Times. June 26, 1937. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
- Vieira, Mark A. (2003). Hollywood Horror: From Gothic to Cosmic. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. p. 82. ISBN 0-8109-4535-5.
- Mank, Gregory William (2001). Hollywood Cauldron: Thirteen Horror Films From the Genre's Golden Age. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland & Co., Inc. p. 150. ISBN 978-0-7864-1112-2.
- Rowell, George; Jackson, Anthony; Jackson, Tony (1984). The Repertory Movement: A History of Regional Theatre in Britain. Cambridge University Press. p. 71. ISBN 9780521319195.
- "Hull Little Theatre - Performers Who Will Be Seen in Next Week's Play" (12462). Hull, England: Daily Mail. September 12, 1925. p. 2.
- "Little Theatre Anti-Climax - Unworthy Finish to Highly Successful Season" (12512). Hull, England: Daily Mail. November 10, 1925. p. 8.
- Curtis, James (1998). James Whale: A New World of Gods and Monsters. Boston, Faber and Faber; ISBN 0-571-19285-8.
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