R. C. Sherriff

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R. C. Sherriff
R. C. Sherriff.jpg
Born Robert Cedric Sherriff
(1896-06-06)6 June 1896
Hampton Wick, Middlesex, England
Died 13 November 1975(1975-11-13) (aged 79)
Kingston upon Thames, England
Occupation Playwright and screenwriter
Nationality British
Information
Period 1920s to 1960s
Magnum opus Stage: Journey's End; Film: The Dam Busters

Robert Cedric Sherriff, FSA, FRSL (6 June 1896 – 13 November 1975)[1] was an English writer best known for his play Journey's End,[2] which was based on his experiences as an army officer in the First World War.[3] He wrote several plays, novels, and screenplays, and was nominated for an Academy award and two BAFTA awards.[4]

Early life[edit]

Sherriff was born in Hampton Wick, Middlesex to insurance clerk Herbert Hankin Sherriff and Constance Winder.[5] He was educated at Kingston Grammar School in Kingston upon Thames from 1905-1913.[n 1]

After he left school, Sherriff worked in an insurance office as a clerk (from 1914) and as an insurance adjuster (1918 to 1928) at Sun Insurance Company, London.[7] Sherriff served as an officer in the 9th battalion of the East Surrey Regiment in the First World War, taking part in the fighting at Vimy Ridge and Loos.[8] He was severely wounded at Passchendaele near Ypres in 1917.[9]

Sherriff studied at New College, Oxford from 1931 to 1934.[10] He was a fellow of the Royal Society of Literature and the Society of Antiquaries of London.[11]

Career[edit]

Playwright[edit]

He first wrote a play to help Kingston Rowing Club raise money to buy a new boat.[12] His seventh play, Journey's End, was written in 1928 and published in 1929 and was based on his experiences in the war.[3] It was given a single Sunday performance, on 9 December 1928, by the Incorporated Stage Society at the Apollo Theatre, directed by James Whale and with the 21-year-old Laurence Olivier in the lead role.[13] In the audience was Maurice Browne who produced it at the Savoy Theatre where it was performed for two years from 1929.[14]

Novelist[edit]

Sherriff also wrote prose. A novelised version of Journey's End, co-written with Vernon Bartlett, was published in 1930.[15] His 1939 novel, The Hopkins Manuscript is an H. G. Wells-influenced post-apocalyptic story about an earth devastated because of a collision with the Moon.[16] Its sober language and realistic depiction of an average man coming to terms with a ruined England is said[citation needed] to have been an influence on later science fiction authors such as John Wyndham and Brian Aldiss. The Fortnight in September, an earlier novel, published in 1931, is a rather more plausible story about a Bognor holiday enjoyed by a lower-middle-class family from Dulwich.[17] His 1936 novel Green Gates is a realistic novel about a middle-aged couple, Tom and Edith Baldwin, moving from an established London suburb into the then-new suburbs of Metro-land.[18]

Award nominations[edit]

Sherriff was nominated along with Eric Maschwitz and Claudine West for an Academy award for writing an adapted screenplay for Goodbye, Mr. Chips which was released in 1939.[19] His 1955 screenplays, The Dam Busters and The Night My Number Came Up were nominated for best British screenplay BAFTA awards.[20]

Work[edit]

Plays[edit]

Film scripts[edit]

Books[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sherriff maintained close links with the school for the rest of his life. He sent a copy of Journey's End to the headmaster after the play was first performed in 1928, and was a generous benefactor to the school until his death, paying particularly close attention to the school rowing club, whose supporters' club now bears his name. He financed a number of boats named after his plays ("Journey's End", "White Carnation", "Home at Seven", "Long Sunset" and "Badger's Green"). He also purchased a piece of land at the end of Aragon Avenue in Thames Ditton for the purpose of building a school boathouse,[6] which was completed in 1980.

References[edit]

  1. ^ League, The Broadway. "R. C. Sherriff – Broadway Cast & Staff - IBDB". www.ibdb.com. 
  2. ^ Stevens, Christopher (2010). Born Brilliant: The Life Of Kenneth Williams. John Murray. p. 264. ISBN 1-84854-195-3. 
  3. ^ a b "R.C. Sherriff - British writer". 
  4. ^ "R C SHERRIFF (1896-1975), DRAMATIST AND NOVELIST: CORRESPONDENCE AND PAPERS - Archives Hub". 
  5. ^ UK Public Records Office, BDM Certificates[page needed]
  6. ^ "Boathouse history". KGS Sherriff Club. Retrieved 19 September 2015. 
  7. ^ "Twickenham Museum - R C Sherriff". www.twickenham-museum.org.uk. 
  8. ^ Clinton, Jane (17 July 2011). "Sadness that forever lies at Journey's End". 
  9. ^ Sheriff (1968), pp. 14, 22
  10. ^ "RC Sherriff (1896 - 1975) - Exploring Surrey's Past". www.exploringsurreyspast.org.uk. 
  11. ^ "HWR". www.hwremembers.org.uk. 
  12. ^ "The road to Journey's End...A Hitch in the Proceedings and other early plays by R C Sherriff - Exploring Surrey's Past". www.exploringsurreyspast.org.uk. 
  13. ^ "Production of Journey's End - Theatricalia". theatricalia.com. 
  14. ^ "Production of Journey's End - Theatricalia". theatricalia.com. 
  15. ^ "Catalog of Copyright Entries. New Series: 1930". Copyright Office, Library of Congress. 14 November 2017 – via Google Books. 
  16. ^ FitzHerbert, Claudia (5 September 2009). "Endpaper" – via www.telegraph.co.uk. 
  17. ^ http://www.persephonebooks.co.uk/the-fortnight-in-september.html
  18. ^ "Greengates by R C Sherriff". 3 December 2016. 
  19. ^ "R.C. Sherriff - Movie and Film Awards - AllMovie". AllMovie. 
  20. ^ Glancy, H. M. (2008). "Writers and Production Artists: R. C. Sherriff". film reference. Retrieved 2008-11-05. 

External links[edit]