College of Optometrists
The College of Optometrists is the professional, scientific and examining body for optometry in the United Kingdom, working for the public benefit. Their headquarters is at 41-42 Craven Street, London WC2, of which no 41 is a Grade II listed building.
After the establishment of the British Optical Association (BOA) in 1895, several more professional bodies were formed for the development of British optometry, with at least six separate qualifying associations existing in the period prior to the passing of the Opticians Act (1958). By that year only four were authorised to conduct examinations and award professional qualifications statutorily approved by the General Optical Council. In 1962 the Institute of Optical Science (tracing its history, via predecessor bodies to 1905) merged with the BOA, leaving only three approved professional bodies. The creation of a single new professional body in the form of a Royal College for optometrists was suggested in 1972 in a letter published by Rishi Agarwal.
The College was established in 1980 by three separate bodies, the former British Optical Association founded in 1895 and the Scottish Association of Opticians tracing its history to 1922 (both of which were disbanded in 1980) and the Worshipful Company of Spectacle Makers (incorporated by a Royal Charter in 1629 during the reign of King Charles I) which had run qualifying exams since 1898 but surrendered its examining function to the new College. In 1980 the title British College of Ophthalmic Opticians (Optometrists) was adopted. In 1987 the title was changed to British College of Optometrists and in 1995 the title College of Optometrists was adopted.
The College of Optometrists was granted a royal charter by Queen Elizabeth II on 18 September 1995. This was celebrated at Guildhall on 25 January 1996 and attended by HRH the Duchess of Gloucester and members of the college and guests.
Shortly before its formal foundation, the College was based at 10 Knaresborough Place in Earls Court, London in a town house purchased for it by the British Optical Association. The College moved to its current headquarters at 41-42 Craven Street in December 1997. The premises comprise two former townhouses, originally built in the 1730s, but with later additions. These were originally mid-terrace properties but following demolitions in the 1970s they now represent the end of the Georgian block on the east side of the street. It has transpired that one of houses (no 41) accommodated a business selling telescopes and optical 'toys' in the 1820s.
The College is also the registered office of the European Academy of Optometry and Optics (EAOO), a membership organization for the development of optometry and optics in Europe. It previously provided the Secretariat for the EAOO from 2008-2017. The College also provided the Secretariat for the World Council of Optometry from 2008-2015. The College museum includes an archive of the history of the WCO and its predecessor international bodies, the IOL (1927-1969) and IOOL (1969-1995).
- Historic England. "41 Craven Street WC2 (1220948)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 September 2016.
- Agarwal, R. (1972), Some challenging thoughts, Optician, 27 October, page 32.
- Schoen, John N.(1981), Secretary's Page, American Journal of Optometry and Physiological Optics, Volume 58, Number 7, pp 594-595, published by the American Academy of Optometry.
- Cole, John (1981), The voice of optics, Optician, volume 181, number 4680, page 27.
- Mullins, P. (1983), The Editor's Round, The way we thought 10 years ago, Optician, volume 185, number 4795, page 6.
- Agarwal, R. (1995), A Royal Charter for Optometrists, British Journal of Optometry and Dispensing, Volume 3, Number 3, page 100.
- Agarwal, R. (2011), A Royal College for Optometrists, Optician, volume 241, number 6294, page 11.
- Lynch, M. and Cole, P. (1999), The College of Optometrists, A History 1980-1998, published by The College of Optometrists, page 229.
- Martin Levy, Elaine Moss; John Coleman Isaac, ‘Importer of Curiosities’: An outline of his life, and the 1846 Continental Diary, Journal of the History of Collections, Volume 14, Issue 1, 1 May 2002, Pages 97–114, https://doi.org/10.1093/jhc/14.1.97
- European Academy of Optometry and Optics.
- World Council of Optometry.
- College of Optometrists website
- Look After Your Eyes
- British Optical Association Museum
- Media related to College of Optometrists at Wikimedia Commons