College of Policing
|Predecessor||National Policing Improvement Agency|
|Formation||4 February 2013|
|Type||Company limited by guarantee|
|England and Wales|
|All police officers, police staff, special constables and volunteers|
Chief Executive Officer
|Chief Constable Andy Marsh|
The College of Policing is a professional body for the police in England and Wales. It was established in 2012 to take over a number of training and development roles that were the responsibility of the National Policing Improvement Agency (NPIA). The National Police Library was also transferred from the NPIA at that time. The college is an arm's length body of the Home Office. The college is based in Ryton-on-Dunsmore, Warwickshire.
The creation of a new policing professional body was announced by the Home Secretary in December 2011. Representatives from the Police Federation, the Superintendents' Association, ACPO and UNISON worked with the Home Office to create the college, ensuring that it represents the police service's desires and aspirations. As soon as Parliamentary time allows, the College of Policing will be established as a statutory body, independent of government. While the necessary legislation is prepared, the college has been established as a company limited by guarantee.
The college officially launched on 4 February 2013 with former chief constable of Hampshire, Alex Marshall as chief executive officer and Deputy Chief Constable of Avon and Somerset Police Rob Beckley as chief operating officer. Beckley moved from Avon and Somerset to the Metropolitan Police and Home Office in 2016, whilst Marshall retired from policing in September 2017. In 2018, Marshall was replaced by Mike Cunningham, former chief constable of Staffordshire Police and a HM Inspector of Constabulary. In 2021, Cunningham was replaced by Andy Marsh, the former chief constable of Hampshire and Avon and Somerset.
Authorised Professional Practice
The college produces guidance for officers known as Authorised Professional Practice (APP). This covers topics such as firearms, stop and search, covert policing and investigations.
APP is subject to continual review and update. In the first quarter of 2022, for example, there were 46 updates made to 20 individual APP categories.
Non-crime hate incidents
In 2014, the college advised police forces to record all 'non-crime hate incidents' - incidents that are perceived to be motivated by hostility but are not criminal offences.
In December 2021, the Court of Appeal ruled that this guidance was unlawful and constituted a "chilling effect ... on the legitimate exercise of freedom of expression".
The College of Policing has announced that from 2020, all new police officers in England and Wales will have to be educated to degree level. This policy will be administered through the Policing Education Qualifications Framework (PEQF), which creates three entry routes into the police:
- The Pre-Join Policing Degree: This entry route involves completion of a three-year knowledge-based degree in professional policing prior to joining the police service. Becoming a special constable may be included as part of this programme. Candidates who are subsequently recruited will undertake practice-based training to develop specific skills and will be assessed against national assessment criteria in order to demonstrate operational competence.
- The Degree Holder Entry Programme (DHEP): Aimed at degree-holders whose first degree is in a subject area other than policing. This two-year practice-based programme enables candidates to perform the role of police constable. Successful completion, results in the achievement of a graduate diploma in professional policing practice
- The Police Constable Degree Apprenticeship: This is a professional degree-level apprenticeship, enabling new recruits to join the police service as an apprentice police constable and earn while they learn. During the three-year programme the apprentice will complete a degree in professional policing practice and will be assessed against national assessment criteria as an integral part of their degree apprenticeship. The apprenticeship will enable non-graduates to enter the police profession, enabling them to earn a degree in Professional Policing Practice whilst 'on-the-job' as part of a three-year initial training and education programme, meaning that not having a degree will not bar non-graduates from initially entering the service.
National Police Library
The National Police Library is operated at the college to support everyone working in UK policing; providing access to digital and print resources. It holds publications such as the Police Review magazine and Police Gazette. The latter has supported operational policing and its archives have enabled investigators to understand policing in the recent past; providing evidence for public inquiries such as the Hillsborough disaster.
- Livadeas, Chloe (12 August 2021). "Andy Marsh announced as new CEO fo College of Policing". Police Oracle. Retrieved 12 December 2021.
- "Questions and answers". Home Office. 2012. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
- "About us". College of Policing. 2015. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
- "About us - College of Policing". College.police.uk. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
- College of Policing (2017-04-04). "CEO Alex Marshall to retire from policing". College of Policing. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
- "New CEO announced". College of Policing. Retrieved 2 February 2018.
- Authorised Professional Practice Content, https://www.app.college.police.uk/app-content/
- "Latest changes to Policing guidance". College of Policing. Retrieved 15 May 2022.
- "Major investigation and public protection: Responding to hate". College of Policing. 20 October 2020. Retrieved 5 February 2022.
- "Harry Miller: Legal victory after alleged transphobic tweets". BBC News. 2021-12-20. Retrieved 2021-12-21.
- "All new police officers in England and Wales to have degrees". BBC News. 15 December 2016. Retrieved 15 December 2016.
- "Policing Education Qualifications Framework | College of Policing".
- "Policing education qualifications framework (PEQF)" (PDF).