Colombian grebe

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Colombian Grebe)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Colombian grebe

Extinct  (1977) (IUCN 3.1)[1]
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Podicipediformes
Family: Podicipedidae
Genus: Podiceps
Species: P. andinus
Binomial name
Podiceps andinus
(Meyer de Schauensee, 1959)

The Colombian grebe (Podiceps andinus), was a grebe (aquatic bird) found in the Bogotá wetlands on the Bogotá savanna in the Eastern Ranges of the Andes of Colombia. The species was still abundant in Lake Tota (3,000 metres (9,800 ft)) in 1945. The species has occasionally been considered a subspecies of black-necked grebe (P. nigricollis). It was flightless.[2]

The decline of the Colombian grebe is attributed to wetland drainage, siltation, pesticide pollution, disruption by reed harvesting, hunting, competition, and predation of chicks by rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss).[3] The primary reason was loss of habitat: drainage of wetlands and siltation resulted in higher concentrations of pollutants, causing eutrophication across Lake Tota. This destroyed the open, submergent pondweed (Potamogeton) vegetation and resulted in the formation of a dense monoculture of water weed (Elodea).[4]

By 1968, the species had declined to approximately 300 birds. Only two records of this bird were made in the 1970s; one seen 1972, and the last confirmed record from 1977 when three birds were seen. Intensive studies in 1981 and 1982 failed to find the species and it is now considered extinct.[5]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Podiceps andinus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Roots, C. 2006. Flightless Birds. Santa Barbara: Greenwood Publishing Group.
  3. ^ del Hoyo et al. 1992
  4. ^ Varty et al. 1986, Fjeldsa 1993, as cited in O'Donnel and Fjeldsa 1997
  5. ^ (in Spanish) El Pato Zambullidor extinto de Colombia

External links[edit]