Constance Adams

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Adams presenting at TEDxHouston in June 2011
TEDxHouston 2011 – Constance Adams – Space Architect

Constance Adams (16 July 1964 – 25 June 2018) was an American architect who worked in the space program.

Personal life[edit]

Adams studied sociology at Harvard University, then went on to Yale University, where she completed a master's degree in architecture. After a two-year apprenticeship with Kenzo Tange Associates in Tokyo, followed by four years working in Berlin on commercial and master planning projects. In the late 1990s she was employed by Lockheed Martin Space Operations, to support the NASA's Mars exploration research efforts at the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas, where she lived with her family.[1] She was a Registered Architect.[2]

Adams died of colorectal cancer in Houston on 25 June 2018, aged 53.[3][4]


Among other projects, Adams was involved in developing the Lockheed-Martin design of an inflatable module for the International Space Station.[5] The module, known as TransHab ("transit habitat"), was designed to provide living quarters for astronauts aboard the space station, including a common room, gymnasium, shower, etc. Budget considerations and delays, as well as politics, meant that the module failed to develop beyond the design stage.[6]

Subsequent to the TransHab project, Adams worked on crew cabin architecture and systems design for the X-38 Crew Return Vehicle,[7] Orbital SpacePlane and International Space Station [ISS].

In 2003 and 2004, Adams collaborated with UNDP Senior Water Policy Advisor Ingvar Andersson to organize the "Water for Two Worlds" summit at Columbia University and the UN, bringing representatives of NASA, the European Space Agency, the Columbia Earth Institute and other clean water advocacy groups to design an approach for transferring water cleansing techniques developed for spaceflight to applications that meet the Millennium Development Goals.[8]

In 2005, Adams was named an Emerging Explorer by National Geographic.[9] From 2004 to 2010, Adams worked with the International Space Station Program Office and the Japanese Space Agency to integrate the H-II Transfer Vehicle to the ISS. Partnered with Synthesis International, URS and Foster+Partners, Adams worked on the design of the world's first commercial spaceport terminal, the Spaceport America Terminal Facility, for the New Mexico Spaceport Authority and tenant Virgin Galactic.[10] She was considered one of the first experts in spaceport planning,[11] and lectured widely in design as well as science topics.[12]


  1. ^ "The New School. Press Releases". Archived from the original on 13 January 2014.
  2. ^ NMBEA 3138
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ Adams, Constance, Kriss J. Kennedy. “ISS TransHab: A Space Inflatable Habitation Module” Proceedings of Space 2000: The Seventh International Conference and Exposition on Engineering, Construction, Operations and Business in Space (2000); American Society of Civil Engineers, Reston VA
  6. ^ 106th Congress (24 January 2000). "National Aeronautics and Space Administration Authorization Act of 2000". Library of Congress. Retrieved 26 May 2007.
  7. ^[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 May 2014. Retrieved 7 January 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ Society, National Geographic. "Find a National Geographic Explorer". Archived from the original on 17 February 2011.
  10. ^, Foster + Partners /. "Spaceport America – Foster + Partners". Archived from the original on 14 May 2013.
  11. ^ Adams, Constance, and Georgi Petrov. “Spaceport Master Planning: Principles and Precedents” AIAA-2006-7325, 2nd AIAA International Space Architecture Symposium, San Jose, CA, USA, September 2006.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 April 2010. Retrieved 19 March 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link) and "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 March 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link);

External links[edit]

1. "Water for Two Worlds: Designing Terrestrial Applications for Exploration-class Sanitation Systems ", 2004, NASA Technical Reports Server

2. "Reallusory Viewing: A Study of the Application of Virtual Windows in Hermetic Environments", 1999, NASA Technical Reports Server

3. "Space Architecture: Building The Future", 1999, NASA Technical Reports Server

4. "The Role of Habitability Studies in Space Facility and Vehicle Design", 1999, NASA Technical Reports Server

5. "Habitability as a Tier One Criterion in Exploration Mission and Vehicle Design",1999, NASA Technical Reports Server

6. "Item Description: ISS TransHab Restraint Sample and Photo Documentation", 2000, NASA Technical Reports Server

7. "Water for Two Worlds: Designing Terrestrial Applications for Exploration-class Sanitation Systems", 2004, NASA Technical Reports Server

8. "An Interview with Constance Adams" — from HobbySpace (retrieved 9 February 2006)

9. Quotation from BrainyQuote[permanent dead link][permanent dead link]