Constant Dullaart

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Constant Dullaart
Constant Dullaart at the Crypto Design Awards 2016 (31181703081).jpg
Constant Dullaart, Crypto Design Challenge 2016
Constant Klaas Willem Dullaart

(1979-03-07) 7 March 1979 (age 43)
Leiderdorp, Netherlands
EducationGerrit Rietveld Academie, Amsterdam; Rijksakademie, Amsterdam
Known forConceptual art, Net Art
Notable workThe Revolving Internet, Jennifer in Paradise series, Social Media Socialism, The Death of the URL
MovementBalconism, Postinternet
AwardsPrix Net Art 2015
Patron(s)Mondriaan Fonds

Constant Dullaart (born Leiderdorp, 7 March 1979) is a Dutch conceptual artist, media artist, internet artist, and curator.[1] His work is deeply connected to the Internet.


Dullaart was born and raised in Leiderdorp in the Netherlands. He attended the Gerrit Rietveld Academy from 1997 to 2002, and the Rijksakademie van beeldende kunsten in the year 2007–2008. After his graduation in 1997 he settled as artist in Amsterdam. From 2010 to 2015 he lived in Berlin.[1]

Dullaart drew some attention with his work series Jennifer in Paradise[2][3][4][5] which "seeks to expose the technological structures that inform modern visual culture".[6]

He is also known for distributing 2.5 million bought Instagram followers amongst a personal selection of active art-world Instagram accounts.[7]

A 4 month long durational performance commissioned by Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt got the attention of several media outlets when Dullaart raised a virtual army of thousands of fake Facebook profiles, using the names of Hessian (soldier)s from the Hetrina archive[8] of the Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen.[9][10]

Prix Net Art, 2015[edit]

He was awarded the Prix Net Art in late 2015[11] with the following jury statement:

"The fluidity of boundaries between artist and tech communities and questions of authorship, virtuosity, and the performativity of art in a mediated environment are an important aspect of the work of the winner of the 2015 Prix Net Art, Constant Dullaart. Dullaart's work stays firmly yet defiantly within the realm of contemporary art, but from a position profoundly informed by the conditions of new media networks—technical as well as cultural, social, economical, and political networks. Dullaart strives for an honest, respectful, yet unembellished approach to the materials and conditions of the network. At the same time his work is full of humor, wit, and critical commentary."


  • Constant Dullaart (29 September 2014). "Constant Dullaart: 100.000 Followers for everyone!". DIS Magazine. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
  • Constant Dullaart (2 November 2015). "Declaration". Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  • Constant Dullaart (5 September 2013). "A letter to Jennifer Knoll". Rhizome. Retrieved 15 March 2015.

Exhibitions (selection)[edit]


  • Profile Wars, Cirl.Art, ABN AMRO, Amsterdam
  • dull.lifeTM - hack, hustle, historicize, Upstream Gallery, Amsterdam
  • Link in Bio, Museum der Bildenden Künste, Leipzig
  • Stadstriënnale Hasselt / Genk, Screen it, Hasselt
  • Uncanny Values, MAK, Vienna
  • Screen it! at Art Brussels, Brussels
  • Festival van de Controle, Cultuurcentrum Hasselt, Hasselt Behind the Screen, Kindl, Berlin
  • Influencers, Galerie Hussenot, Paris


  • Cultural Matter: Constant Dullaart, LIMA, Amsterdam
  • Constant Dullaart 100.000 Followers for Everyone, FOAM Museum, Amsterdam
  • The Armory Show New York with Upstream Gallery
  • Strasbourg Biennale, Strasbourg, France
  • Agency, Nome Gallery, Berlin
  • All I Know is What's on the Internet, The Photographers Gallery, London
  • Algorithmic Superstructures, Impakt Festival, Utrecht
  • Berlin Zentrum der Netzkunst - Damals und Heute, Panke Gallery, Berlin
  • I Was Raised On The Internet, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago
  • When Facts don't Matter, Lismore Castle Arts, Lismore
  • From ZERO to 2018, Upstream Gallery, Amsterdam


  • Electronic Superhighway, MAAT, Lisbon
  • Open Codes, ZKM, Karlsruhe, Germany
  • Windows, Basel
  • Collecting Europe, Victoria & Albert Museum, London
  • How to Disappear Completely, Garage Rotterdam, Rotterdam
  • Human/Digital: a Symbiotic Love Affair, Kunsthal Rotterdam, Rotterdam
  • Transmediale, Berlin


  • Deep Epoch, Upstream Gallery, Amsterdam
  • Future Gallery, Berlin, Germany
  • MU, Eindhoven,
  • Smart Objects, Los Angeles


  • The Possibility of an Army, Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt, Frankfurt, Germany
  • Jennifer, Futura, Prague
  • Opening Time, London
  • Filter economy and quantified social capital, Dutch National Bank, Amsterdam
  • ABC with Future Gallery, Berlin
  • The Censored Internet, Aksioma, Ljubliana


  • High Retention Slow Delivery, Jeu de Paume-espace virtuel, Paris
  • Stringendo, Vanishing Mediators, Carroll / Fletcher, London
  • Brave New Panderers, XPO Gallery, Paris


  • Jennifer in Paradise, Future Gallery, Berlin
  • Jennifer in Paradise, Import Projects, Berlin


  • Onomatopoeia, Utah Museum of Contemporary Art, Salt Lake City
  • HEALING, Fabio Paris Gallery, Brescia, Italy
  • Treffpunkt Internet, speedshow, Berlin


  1. ^ a b Constant Dullaart; male / Dutch; conceptual artist, media artist, internet artist, curator, at Last modification on 2017-03-30.
  2. ^ Louisa Elderton (November 2013). "Constant Dullaart". Frieze. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
  3. ^ Johnny Magdaleno (4 May 2014). "Constant Dullaart Delivers the World's First Photoshopped Image". Motherboard. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  4. ^ Ellen Gamerman (12 December 2013). "How Our Camera-Phone Nation is Inspiring Artists". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  5. ^ Jeppe Ugelvig (10 July 2014). "Constant Dullaart at Carroll / Fletcher". DIS Magazine. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  6. ^ Comstock, Gordon (13 June 2014). "Jennifer in paradise: the story of the first Photoshopped image". The Guardian. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
  7. ^ Dr. Inke Arns (26 September 2014). "Constant Dullaart: HIGH RETENTION, SLOW DELIVERY". Jeu de Paume. Retrieved 15 March 2015.
  8. ^ Stefan Aumann, Prof. Dr. Holger Gräf (March 2013). "Hessian Troops in America". Hessisches Landesamt für geschichtliche Landeskunde. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  9. ^ Zoe Kleinman (10 November 2015). "Facebook 'fake army' launched by artist". BBC. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  10. ^ Jonathan Jones (9 November 2015). "Army for hire: the artist employing ghost soldiers to invade Facebook". The Guardian. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  11. ^ "Announcing the Winner of the $10,000 Prix Net Art: Constant Dullaart". Rhizome. 16 November 2015. Retrieved 10 October 2016.

External links[edit]