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The Rijksakademie van beeldende kunsten (English: State Academy of Fine Arts) was founded in 1870 as a Dutch art school and is based in Amsterdam, Netherlands. It is a classical Akademia, a place where philosophers, academics and artists meet to test and exchange ideas and knowledge. It promotes visual artists through a two-year stay.
In the past, it was also the site of the new movement of the Amsterdam Impressionism as part of the international movement of Impressionism. By art historians, it is also known as the School of Allebé. From here, essential impetus from the movement of modernity. began This was made possible mainly through the opening of the teaching activities of the newly appointed director, August Allebé in 1880. Among the most important pioneers here include well-known names such as Georg Breitner, Jan Toorop, Piet Mondrian and Willem Arnoldus Witsen.
History from 1718 to 1869
Since 1718-1819, a municipal art school has been here in Amsterdam. It is also known as the Stadstekenacademie Amsterdam. In 1820, the Koninklijke Academie van Beeldende kunsten was founded. It was the continuation of this art tradition. AT the school, mainly the panel painting in oil technology was used. The style was the historically evolved landscape painting in connection with the neoclassicism. From 1820-1830, the educational institution had to share this position with the Royal Academy of Art, The Hague. In 1869, it was dissolved and realigned, and from then on was known by the name, Rijksakademie van beeldende kunsten.
History of young Rijksakademie
The rijksakademie van beeldende kunsten was understoof be a place for philosophers, scientists and artists to come together and compare and share knowledge and ideas. In 1870, the place was founded by King William III through state cultural funding. The aim was to give visual artists an educational opportunity. Early students included George Hendrik Breitner, Isaac Israëls and Willem Witsen, one of which ran out of Amsterdam Impressionism.
Under the patronage of the director, Professor August Allebé, the student movement St. Lucas (the patron saint of painters) was founded. Here the subjects offered were to strengthen students at the academy. Also, it was to promote the collegial relationship among the students.
The second influence of Allebé was the change in the doctrin of art. His cosmopolitan attitude toward art as a movement and the promotion and motivation of his students is very important for the Rijksakademie. Consequently, it was a place of work and part of the art movements of the early 20th century substantial proportion. There were a significant stimulus to the movement of avant-garde in art.
The Academy today
In 1992, the State Academy moved into a former cavalry barracks on Sarphatistraat in Amsterdam. The buildings were renovated and modernized so they could be used. In November, 1999, it was transformed into an independent institution. The school is financed by a fund of the Ministry of Education and from private sponsors. The Institute also offers workshops with specialized technical personnel and a library with a focus on contemporary art and art history. Students who go there receive a scholarship and are offered a studio. In recent years, nearly 1200 individuals apply for a place at the academy. Each year, some twenty applicants are taken on for a place in the art college. The artists come from all over the world. Less than half are from the Netherlands. Famous artists and important art critics are invited regularly to visit the studios of the residents.
Prix de Rome
The Academy annually awards a Dutch Prix de Rome to eligible artists and architects. This award goes back to the 1666 when the French launced their Prix de Rome. In 1808, Louis Napoléon introduce this prix in the Netherlands to promote art. It is confirmed by King William I of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg. Since 1870, the Rijksakademie has taken over the organisation of this award. It is the oldest and most highly endowed art prize in the Netherlands.
In the year 1985, a reorganization of the Prix de Rome took place. The prize money was increased and there were more artists to participate. In addition, new art categories were added, which change annually. From 2006, the name of Prix de Rome was changed to Prix de Rome.nl and is awarded only in two categories: Architecture and Fine Arts.
The prize is presented in cycles, each with a one-year break. There is only one winner and the first place prize is 40,000 € associated with a subsequent stay abroad. Since 2013, the Rijksakademie has handed over the organization of the prize money to the Mondriaan Fund.
Professors of the Academy
- Hans Aarsman (1951)
- August Allebé (1838-1927), professor since 1870, director 1880-1906
- Pierre Cuypers (1827-1921)
- Carel Ludewijk Dake (1857-1918)
- Antoon Derkinderen (1859-1925), director subsequent to Allebé
- Marinus Heijl (1835-1931)
- Richard Roland Holst (1868-1931), director subsequent to Derkinderen
- Johannes Hendricus Jurres (1875-1946)
- Petrus Josephus Lutgers (1808-1874)
- Georg Sturm (1855-1923)
- Charles Verlat (1824-1890)
- Nicolaas van der Waay (1855-1936)
- Gerhard Westermann (1880-1971)
- Petrus van Wijnveld (1820-1902)
Famous Students of the Academy
- Karel Appel (1921-2006)
- Lizzy Ansingh (1875-1959)
- Floris Arntzenius (1864-1925)
- Johan Braakensiek (1858-1940)
- Nicolaas Bastert (1854-1939)
- Tjeerd Bottema (1884-1978)
- George Hendrik Breitner (1857-1923)
- Cornelius de Bruin (1870-1940)
- Constant Anton Nieuwenhuys (1920-2005)
- Antoon Derkinderen (1859-1925)
- Leo Gestel (1881-1941)
- Arnold Marc Gorter (1866-1933)
- Richard Roland Holst (1868-1938)
- Isaac Israëls (1865-1934)
- Cornelius Jetses (1873-1955)
- Hendrik Maarten Krabbé (1868-1931)
- Jacobus van Looy (1855-1930)
- Kees Maks (1876-1967)
- Bjarne Melgaard (1967)
- Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita (1868-1944)
- Wally Moes (1856-1918)
- Piet Mondrian (1872-1944)
- Anthon van Rappard (1858-1892)
- Suze Robertson (1855-1922)
- Bojan Šarčević (1974)
- Firoz Mahmud (1974)
- Jan Sluyters (1891-1957)
- Hobbe Smith (1862-1942)
- Jo Bauer-Stumpff (1873-1964)
- Willem Bastiaan Tholen (1860-1931)
- Jan Toorop (1858-1928)
- Jan Pieter Veth (1864-1925)
- Nicolaas van der Waay (1855-1936)
- Gerhard Westermann (1880-1971)
- Maurits van der Valk (1857-1935)
- Petrus Theodorus van Wijngaerdt (1873-1964)
- Jan Hillebrand Wijsmuller (1855-1925)
- Ernst Witkamp (1854-1897)
- Willem Witsen (1860-1923)
- The polar opposite and rival was the Royal Academy of Beelndende Kunsten to The Hague. It had been founded in 1682 and a night school for painting and drawing, on Saturday the club evenings were held, where conviviality and specialist in mind. From 1820 to about 1830 Amsterdam and The Hague struggled for supremacy in the art world of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The merger with the Engineering School gave The Hague a pioneering role. That reflects what is disgusted in the new building on Prinsengracht.
- this circle of friends was then transformed into an important association of artists. Since those years, it is an essential part of the Amsterdam art scene.
- Here the modern art as movement is understood as superordinate term for an era. Her end is seen in the art movement of postmodernism.
- In the 19th century was founded a Dutch system, which now comes back to the application. - First, private sponsors provide funding. Only if nothing works, intervenes the state.
- She belongs to the Amsterdamse Joffers.
- In 1904 he won the Prix de Rome.
- Official website (Dutch)
- Official website in english (English)
- Prix de Rome (Dutch)
- Mondrian Fund (Dutch)