3-[7,12,17-tris(2-carboxyethyl)-3,8,13,18-tetramethyl-5,10,15,20,21,22, 23,24-octahydroporphyrin-2-yl]propanoic acid
3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||660.757 g/mol|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Coproporphyrinogen I is an isomer of coproporphyrinogen III, a metabolic intermediate in the normal biosynthesis of heme. The compound is not normally produced by the human body; its production and accumulation causes a type of porphyria. 
The difference between coproporphyrinogen I and III is the arrangements of the four carboxyethyl ("P" groups) and the four methyl groups ("M" groups). The I isomer has the sequence MP-MP-MP-MP, whereas in the III isomer it is MP-MP-MP-PM, with the last two side chains reversed.
Coproporphyrinogen I is not produced in the normal porphyrin biosynthesis pathway. However, if the enzyme uroporphyrinogen-III cosynthaseis missing or inactive, the compound uroporphyrinogen I is produced instead of uroporphyrinogen III. The enzyme uroporphyrinogen III decarboxylase will also act on the I isomer, producing coproporphyrinogen I:
Unlike the III isomer, coproporphyrinogen I (which is cytotoxic) is not further processed by the body, and accumulates. This situation occurs in the pathological condition called congenital erythropoietic porphyria.
- S. Sassa and A. Kappas (2000): "Molecular aspects of the inherited porphyrias". Journal of Internal Medicine, volume 247, issue 2, pages 169-178. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2796.2000.00618.x
- Paul R. Ortiz de Montellano (2008). "Hemes in Biology". Wiley Encyclopedia of Chemical Biology. John Wiley & Sons. doi:10.1002/9780470048672.wecb221.
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