Cornelia Lüdecke

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Cornelia Lüdecke
Lüdecke at the Le Maire Chanal Antarctica.jpg
Lüdecke at the Lemaire Channel
NationalityGermany
Alma materLudwig Maximilians University
AwardsReinhard Süring Medal
Scientific career
FieldsMeteorology
Polar history
InstitutionsUniversity of Hamburg

Cornelia Lüdecke (1954) is a German polar researcher and author. A leading figure in the history of German polar research and the history of meteorology and oceanography, she founded the Expert Group on History of Antarctic Research within the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR), institutionalising historical study and reflection for the Antarctic scientific community.[1] Her books, among others, about the Schwabenland Expedition to Antarctica during the Third Reich[2] and Deutsche in der Antarktis (Germans in the Antarctic)[3] are milestones in the history of polar research publications.[4]

Early life and education[edit]

Lüdecke was born in 1954 in Munich, Germany; her Grandfather August Lüdecke-Cleve and father August Lüdecke were painters, her mother a violinist. Her interest in physics and nature rather than the arts led her to study meteorology at Munich's Ludwig Maximilians University (LMU), receiving her diploma in 1980. While doing a literature review on the physical properties of sea ice for MAN Neue Technologie AG, she learned more about polar exploration from her colleagues who had overwintered at the Georg-von-Neumayer Station, Germany's Antarctic science station. Increasingly fascinated by polar research, Lüdecke decided to study the history of earth sciences at the LMU's Institute for History of Natural Sciences while working part-time for MAN. After giving birth to two daughters in 1990 and 1992, in 1994 she submitted her PhD thesis on German Polar research since the turn of the century and the influence of Erich von Drygalski (Die deutsche Polarforschung seit der Jahrhundertwende und der Einfluß Erich von Drygalskis).[5] Lüdecke completed her second thesis (Habilitation) titled Chapters from the history of earth-sciences – protagonists, theses, institutions at the Centre for History of Natural Sciences, Mathematics and Technology at the University of Hamburg in 2002 and attained the title "Privatdozent“ in 2003.

Career and impact[edit]

After her studies Lüdecke participated in meteorological experiments on ships and aircraft including research vessels RS Gauss (II) (de) and RS Meteor (II). She was also a staff member of the operation centers of international meteorological experiments ALPEX in the Alps and EMEX (Equatorial Mesoscale Experiment) in Australia's Northern Territory. Lüdecke teaches history of meteorology and history of polar research at the University of Hamburg.

In 1991 Lüdecke founded the History of Polar Research Working Group of the German Society of Polar Research which she now heads.[6] In 1995 she became chair of the History of Meteorology Specialist Group of the German Meteorological Society.[7] After the establishment of the International Commission on History of Meteorology in 2001, Lüdecke was elected Vice-President and was President from 2006–2009.[8] Since 2002, she has been a member of the International Polar Heritage Committee of the International Council of Monuments and Sites.[9]

In 2004 Lüdecke founded the Expert Group on History of Antarctic Research within the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR),[10][11] for which she is the Chief Officer.[12][13][14] She organizes conferences or sessions during the bi-annual SCAR Open Science Conferences. Since 2012 she has been one of the Vice-Presidents of the International Commission on History of Oceanography.[15] During the opening of the Antarctic Treaty Summit on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Antarctic Treaty in 2009[16] Lüdecke gave the historical talk on “Parallel Precedents for the Antarctic Treaty”.

For SCAR's first Antarctic and Southern Ocean Science Horizon Scan in April 2014, Lüdecke was among 75 scientists and policy-makers from 22 countries to identify the 80 most important scientific research topics concerning for the next two decades.[17]

She became Professor at the University of Hamburg in 2016.[18]

Lüdecke is a member of the curatory of the Academia Dominator.[19] She is also active on the scientific board of the German Society of Polar Research[20] and the Geographical Society in Munich.[21] Lüdecke is member of the editorial boards of several scientific journals, including Polarforschung,[22] Polar Record,[23] Journal of Northern Studies,[24] The Polar Journal,[25] Revista Electrónica Estudios Hemisféricos y Polares,[26] and Earth Sciences History.[27] Lüdecke has organized numerous national and international workshops and conferences on the history of polar research and the history of meteorology.[28][29]

Awards and honours[edit]

In 2010 Lüdecke received the Reinhard Süring Medal from the German Meteorological Society for her "long-time dedicated activities in research and teaching in the field of history of natural sciences (especially of meteorology) and the successful organization of numerous national and international symposia”.[30][31] In 2012 she was elected as corresponding member of the International Academy of the History of Science in Paris.[32] In March 2019 Lüdecke received the Paulus-Preis award for History of Meteorology from the German Meteorological Society.

Selected publications[edit]

Lüdecke has published 19 books and proceedings and over 180 papers and book chapters.

  • Lüdecke, C.: Deutsche in der Antarktis: Expeditionen und Forschungen vom Kaiserreich bis heute. (Germans in the Antarctic: Expeditions and Research from the Empire until today). Berlin: Ch. Links Verlag 2015.
  • Lüdecke, C. (ed.): Eine Entdeckungsreise in die Südpolarregion 1839 - 1843 (James Clark Ross, a journey of discovery in the south polar region). Wiesbaden: Edition Erdmann marixverlag, 2014 (448 pp).
  • Lüdecke, C., 2009 Expanding to Antarctica - Discussions about German naming and a new map of Antarctica in the early 1950s. In: C. Lüdecke (ed.), 2nd SCAR Workshop on the History of Antarctic Research. Multidimensional exploration of Antarctica around the 1950s.Boletín Chileno Antartico, Instituto Chileno Antártico, Punta Arenas, 45–52.
  • Lüdecke, C. (ed.): Steps of Foundation of Institutionalized Antarctic Research. Proceedings of the 1st SCAR Workshop on the History of Antarctic Research, Munich 2–3 June 2005, Reports on Polar and Marine Research = Reports on polar and marine research, Alfred Wegener Institute of Polar and Marine Research, Bremerhaven, no. 560 (2007 ) (228 pp).
  • Lüdecke, C.: Roald Amundsen. Ein biografisches Portrait. (Roald Amundsen. A Biographical Portrait). Freiburg: Herder Verlag 2011 (208 S.).
  • Barr, Susan and Cornelia Lüdecke (eds.): The History of the International Polar Years (IPYs). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer (Series: From Pole to Pole; Vol. 1) 2010 (319 p.).
  • Lüdecke, C. and C. Summerhayes, 2012, The Third Reich in Antarctica: The German Antarctic Expedition 1938–39. Eccles: Erskine Press and Bluntisham: Bluntisham Books, 259 pp.
  • Lüdecke, C., Die deutsche Polarforschung seit der Jahrhundertwende und der Einfluß Erich von Drygalskis (The German polar research since the turn of the century and the influence of Erich von Drygalski). Berichte zur Polarforschung Reports on polar research, Bremerhaven, no. 158, XIV (1995) (340 S., 72 S. Appendix).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Humanities, History Group". SCAR. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  2. ^ Lüdecke, C; Summerhayes, Colin. The Third Reich in Antarctica - The Story of the German Antarctic Expedition of 1938/39. Erskine Press and Bluntisham. Retrieved 2016-07-21.
  3. ^ Lüdecke, C. (2015). Lüdecke, C.: Deutsche in der Antarktis: Expeditionen und Forschungen vom Kaiserreich bis heute. (Germans in the Antarctic: Expeditions and Research from the Empire until today). Berlin: Ch. Links Verlag 2015. ISBN 978-3-86153-825-7. Retrieved 2016-07-21.
  4. ^ "Neuschwaben im Eisland - junge Welt -". 2015-10-15. Retrieved 2016-07-21.
  5. ^ Lüdecke, Cornelia (1995). "Die deutsche Polarforschung seit der Jahrhundertwende und der Einfluß Erich von Drygalskis. (the German polar research since the turn of the Century and the influence of Erich von Drygalski)".
  6. ^ e.V., Monika Huch - DGP - Deutsche Gesellschaft für Polarforschung. "Deutsche Gesellschaft für Polarforschung e.V." www.dgp-ev.de. Retrieved 2016-07-21.
  7. ^ "Fachhausschuss - Geschichte der Meteorologie" [Technical Committee - History of Meteorology]. dmg-ev.de (in German). Deutsche Meteorologische Gesellschaft. Retrieved 2016-08-09.
  8. ^ "Officers". meteohistory.org/. International Commission on the History of Meteorology. 2012-04-12. Retrieved 2016-07-28.
  9. ^ "IPHC Membership" (PDF). polarheritage.com. International Polar Heritage Committee. 2016.
  10. ^ Petri, Bettina. "Cornelia Lüdecke". www.augustdreesbachverlag.de. Augustdrees Bach Verlag. Archived from the original on 2016-10-17. Retrieved 2016-07-28.
  11. ^ "SCAR History of the Institutionalisation of Antarctic Research (Expert Group)".
  12. ^ "SCAR History Group" (PDF). scar.org. SCAR. 2014.
  13. ^ "SCAR Bulletin". www.scar.org. Retrieved 2016-07-28.
  14. ^ Lüdecke, Cornelia; Tipton-Everett, Lynn; Lay, Lynn (2012). "National and Trans-National Agendas in Antarctic Research from the 1950s and Beyond. Proceedings of the 3rd Workshop of the SCAR Action Group on the History of Antarctic Research". hdl:1811/53605. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  15. ^ "Officers". 2013-05-09. Retrieved 2016-07-21.
  16. ^ "Science Diplomacy Antarctic Treaty Summit 2009" (PDF).
  17. ^ Mahlon C; et al. (August 2014). "Polar research: Six priorities for Antarctic science". Nature. 512 (7512): 23–5. Bibcode:2014Natur.512...23K. doi:10.1038/512023a. PMID 25100467.
  18. ^ "Biographie - Cornelia Luedecke - Biography - Universitaet Hamburg, Geschichte der Naturwissenschaften, Geowissenschaften, Meteorologie, Polarforschung, Polargeschichte, History of Science". www.hs.uni-hamburg.de (in German). Retrieved 2018-08-30.
  19. ^ "Kuratorium" (in German). Academia Domitor. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  20. ^ "Vorstand und Wissenschaftlicher Beirat" (in German). DGP. Archived from the original on 1 August 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  21. ^ "Über uns" [About us]. ggm-online.de. Geographische Gesellschaft München. Retrieved 2016-07-28.
  22. ^ "Redaktion" (in German). Polarforschung. Archived from the original on 24 October 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  23. ^ "Editorial Board". Polar Record. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  24. ^ "Editors". Journal of Northern Studies. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  25. ^ "Volume 6, Issue 1, 2016". The Polar Journal. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  26. ^ "Revista Electrónica Estudios Hemisféricos y Polares" (in Spanish). Revista Electrónica Estudios Hemisféricos y Polares. Archived from the original on 15 January 2016. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  27. ^ "Earth Sciences History". The History of Earth Sciences Society. Retrieved 8 August 2016.
  28. ^ Lüdecke, C (2007). "Steps of foundation of institutionalized antarctic research". Lüdecke, C. (2007) Steps of foundation of institutionalized antarctic research : Proceedings of the 1st SCAR workshop on the history of antarctic research ; Bavarian Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Munich (Germany), 2–3 June 2005.
  29. ^ Emeis S., and C. Lüdecke (eds.) (2005). From Beaufort to Bjerknes and Beyond. Critical Perspectives on Observing, Analysing, and Predicting Weather and Climate. Algorismus. Studien zur Geschichte der Mathematik und der Naturwissenschaften, Heft 52, Erwin Rauner Verlag, Augsburg, 256 p.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  30. ^ "Cornelia Luedecke: Expertin für Polargeschichte und Meteorologiegeschichte" [Cornelia Luedecke: Expert on Polar History and Meteorology]. women-speaker-foundation.de. Women Speaker Foundation. Archived from the original on 2016-10-17. Retrieved 2016-07-28.
  31. ^ "Annual Report". International Polar Heritage Committee. 2011.
  32. ^ "Cornelia Lüdecke". www.aihs-iahs.org. International Academy of the History of Science. 2012. Retrieved 2016-07-28.

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