Cortland station

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Cortland
MAIN (SOUTH) ELEVATION, VIEW FROM SOUTHEAST - Lehigh Valley Railroad Station, 7 South Avenue, Cortland, Cortland County, NY HABS NY,12-CORT,6A-1.tif
Cortland in 1966
Location7 South Avenue
Cortland, New York
Coordinates42°35′31″N 76°10′50″W / 42.592022°N 76.180599°W / 42.592022; -76.180599Coordinates: 42°35′31″N 76°10′50″W / 42.592022°N 76.180599°W / 42.592022; -76.180599
Line(s)New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway
History
OpenedApril 4, 1911 (1911-04-04)
ClosedApril 25, 1948 (1948-04-25)
Former lines
Preceding station Lehigh Valley Railroad Following station
Gracie
toward Elmira
Elmira and Cortland Branch Lorings
toward Camden

Cortland station is a defunct Lehigh Valley Railroad station in Cortland, New York. It was located on the Lehigh Valley's Elmira and Cortland Branch. The station building still stands; the tracks are owned by the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway. Cortland was one of two depots; the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad (Lackawanna) depot was located on Railroad Street in the center of the city.

History[edit]

The first railroad to reach Cortland was the Syracuse and Binghamton Railroad, a forerunner of the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad, which opened a line between Syracuse, New York, and Binghamton, New York, on October 18, 1854.[1] It was joined in 1872 by the New York and Oswego Midland Railroad, which extended west from its existing line at Norwich, New York, to Freeville, New York.[2] This line was later leased by the Elmira, Cortland and Northern Railroad,[3] which in turn became part of the Lehigh Valley Railroad in 1896.[4]

The present building was constructed in 1910–1911, with a formal opening on April 4, 1911. The brick building measured 155 by 50 feet (47 by 15 m) and stood two stories tall. The space was sufficient to contain a waiting room, baggage room, a "women's retiring room", a smoking room, and a ticket office. The second floor was given over to company offices.[5] It replaced the original station, which had served both freight and passengers. A new freight house was also built.[6]

Traffic declined on the Elmira and Cortland Branch after World War I, and the Lehigh Valley gradually reduced service throughout the 1930s and 1940s.[7] The last scheduled passenger service, between Cortland and DeRuyter, New York, ended on April 25, 1948.[8] Limited service remained in the form of mixed trains. Even these ended south of Cortland ended on April 30, 1950, leaving a roundtrip between Cortland and Canastota, New York.[9] This was effectively withdrawn after 1954.[10] Lackawanna passenger service ended in 1958.[11]

The Lehigh Valley abandoned the branch north of Cortland in 1967.[12] Most of the branch south of Cortland was out of service by the mid-1970s. Conrail, successor to the Lehigh Valley, abandoned all but 3 miles (4.8 km) within the vicinity of Cortland. This line is owned by the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway.[13]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Taber 1977, p. 218
  2. ^ Marcham 2009, p. 13
  3. ^ Marcham 2009, p. 19
  4. ^ Marcham 2009, p. 44
  5. ^ Graves, Dorothy E. (April 1965). "Lehigh Valley Railroad Station, 7 South Avenue, Cortland, Cortland County, NY" (PDF). Historic American Buildings Survey. pp. 2–3.
  6. ^ Marcham 2009, p. 84
  7. ^ Marcham 2009, pp. 101–103
  8. ^ Marcham 2009, p. 109
  9. ^ Marcham 2009, p. 117
  10. ^ Marcham 2009, p. 121
  11. ^ Taber & Taber 1980, p. 302
  12. ^ Trice 2004, p. 139
  13. ^ Trice 2004, p. 141

References[edit]

External links[edit]