New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway
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|Headquarters||Cooperstown, New York|
|Dates of operation||1881–present|
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge|
The New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway (reporting mark NYSW) (or New York, Susquehanna and Western Railroad and also known as the Susie-Q or the Susquehanna) is a Class II American freight railway operating over 400 miles (645 km) of track in the northeastern U.S. states of New York, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey.
The railroad was formed in 1881 from the merger of several smaller railroads. Passenger service in Northern New Jersey was offered until 1966. The railroad was purchased by the Delaware Otsego Corporation in 1980, and saw success during the 1980s and 1990s in the intermodal freight transport business.
The railroad uses three main routes: a Southern Division running from Jersey City, New Jersey to Binghamton, New York and a Northern Division formed by two branches north of Binghamton serving Utica and Syracuse. The Utica Branch is notable (and popular among YouTube followers of railroads) for running down the center of Schulyer Street (requiring, at times, residents of the neighborhood to move their cars in order to allow the train to pass).
Before the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway
The New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway can trace its roots back to the Hoboken, Ridgefield & Paterson Railroad, chartered in 1866 to connect industrial Paterson, New Jersey, with the ports along the Hudson Waterfront opposite New York City at Hoboken. That same year, the New York and Oswego Midland Railroad (NY&OM) was chartered to connect the Great Lakes port at Oswego, New York, with New York City. Several competing companies sprang up in 1867, but the New Jersey Western Railroad (NJW) was the most successful, constructing westward from Paterson and Hawthorne. Cornelious Wortendyke, president of the NJW, signed a lease agreement with DeWitt Clinton Littlejohn of the NY&OM giving his road a through route into New Jersey. Construction on the NY&OM started in 1868 and progressed rapidly. The NJW changed its name to the New Jersey Midland Railway (NJM) in 1870, and construction had stretched from Hackensack, New Jersey, all the way through to Hanford.
The NY&OM reached Middletown, New York, and leased the connecting Middletown, Unionville and Water Gap Railroad (MU&WG), which reached the NJM at Hanford. The last stretch of construction from Hackensack to Jersey City completed the NJM in 1872. The first through train from Oswego to Jersey City operated on July 9, 1873. While the goals of the two partners had been reached, the Panic of 1873 caused financial ruin for both companies. The NY&OM suspended lease payments, and the agreement was broken. The NY&OM was reorganized as the New York, Ontario and Western Railway in 1879, and went its separate way. The NJM took over the lease of the MU&WG as well. Unable to weather the financial storm, the NJM was put into receivership in 1875. In 1880, the NJM was reorganized as the New Jersey Midland Railroad (NJM), and attention was turned to the lucrative coal fields of eastern Pennsylvania.
Formation and as an independent railroad
In 1881, the New Jersey Midland Railroad was consolidated with five other railroads to form the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway. The new New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway had extended west to Gravel Place, Pennsylvania, and a connection with the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railway (DL&W). The NYS&W also had a connection to the DL&W at Delaware, New Jersey via the Blairstown Railway. Due to the increased volume of traffic, the railroad was double-tracked from Paterson to Jersey City in 1887. To reach the port on the Hudson River waterfront, traffic was handed off to the Pennsylvania Railroad at Marion Junction via the Hudson Connecting Railway. To keep more of the line haul revenue for themselves, the Susquehanna extended their line from their Little Ferry Yard through the new Palisades Tunnel to a new terminal at Edgewater where they had constructed coal docks for transfer from train to boat in 1892. The NYSW also reached west of the Delaware River and leased the Wilkes-Barre and Eastern Railroad to access the Scranton area directly and divert traffic away from the Lackawanna.
American financier J.P. Morgan began to take notice of this rapidly expanding coal-hauler, and quietly bought up its stock on behalf of the Erie Railroad. The railroad was leased in 1898 by the Erie, which soon after took over complete operation of the line.
The NYS&W was reported as the first Class I railroad in the US to completely replace its steam locomotives with internal combustion motive power, in the form of diesel electric locomotives, in early June 1945. By that time the railroad was profitably operating a suburban commuter passenger service across New Jersey, as well as being a bridge line for freight connecting to several regional carriers.
The NYS&W fell on hard times during the economic recession of 1957. The NYS&W lost its western connection to the Lehigh and New England Railroad when the L&NE ceased operations in 1961, resulting in the NYS&W pulling up all its track west of Sparta Jct. (which now comprises what is now known as the Paulinskill Valley Trail). Thereafter, the NYS&W sold off its nearly new Budd passenger cars and replaced them with second-hand used equipment. Desperate to close its money-losing commuter service, the railroad's trustees offered its commuters $1,000 each to stop using the trains. Permission to end commuter service was granted in 1966. Washouts caused by Tropical Storm Doria (1971) cut off other connections, and the railroad retreated to Butler, New Jersey.
Under ownership of the Delaware Otsego Corporation
The NYS&W declared bankruptcy in 1976 after failing to pay New Jersey state taxes, though managed to stay out of Conrail, which had surrounded it. The bankruptcy court ordered that the railroad be abandoned and its assets sold. By then, the NYS&W was down to a 43-mile line from Croxton and Edgewater through Paterson to Butler. The State of New Jersey, aware of Delaware Otsego Corporation's reputation at rehabilitating short lines, asked them to take over the railroad.
Delaware Otsego was founded in 1966 to operate a small section of the former New York Central Railroad Catskill Mountain Branch outside Oneonta, New York. This was the first of many cast-off short line acquisitions. Between 1971 and 1986, D.O. acquired several other branches and short lines, including the Cooperstown Branch of the Delaware & Hudson Railway in 1971; the Richfield Springs Branch of the Erie Lackawanna Railway (EL) in 1973, the Fonda, Johnstown and Gloversville Railroad in 1974, and the EL Honesdale Branch in 1976.
In 1980, the Delaware Otsego Corporation purchased the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway.
In 1988, Guilford Transportation Industries, (now Pan Am Railways), then owner of The Delaware and Hudson Railway, declared that road bankrupt and abandoned it after two nasty labor strikes. The New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway was ordered by the federal government to operate the D&H until a new buyer could be found. In 1990, CP Rail (now Canadian Pacific) bought the Delaware & Hudson Railway System.
1990 saw the NYS&W end service on its Edgewater Branch, a 1.5-mile (2.4 km) long line connecting its former Hudson River terminal with the mainline in Fairview at Undercliff Junction. As of 2008, the tunnel carries a pipeline owned by the Amerada Hess Corporation.
In 1994, Onondaga County, New York purchased the former Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad (DL&W) line into Syracuse, with the provision that the NYS&W operate RDC service in Syracuse between Syracuse University, Armory Square, and the Carousel Mall with the option for further routes, leading to the creation of OnTrack. With operations on this segment, the Syracuse branch was rehabilitated and the Conrail interchange relocated. Regular steam excursions were offered and RDCs refurbished for OnTrack use. Intermodal trains rolled beyond Binghamton to Syracuse for interchange with Conrail. After a few years, regular excursions were halted.
With the impending break-up of the Conrail system to Norfolk Southern Railway and CSX Transportation, the NYS&W was a ripe target for acquisition, as it could potentially siphon lucrative traffic away from either road. On October 3, 1997, DOCP Acquisition LLC announced it had completed the short-form merger of Delaware Otsego Corporation (NASDAQ:DOCP) with a wholly owned subsidiary via a stock tender offer of $22 per share.
This deal essentially brought the New York, Susquehanna & Western Railway (NYS&W), under control of Norfolk Southern and CSX, as DOCP Acquisition LLC is owned 10% by Norfolk Southern, 10% by CSX and 80% by Walter G. Rich of the Delaware Otsego Corporation.
In 2005, the NYS&W leased the former Erie Main Line from Port Jervis to Binghamton from Norfolk Southern. Leased and operated under the name Central New York Railroad (CNYK). The CNYK is a "paper" railroad and all train operations and line maintenance is performed by Susquehanna personnel, while Norfolk Southern Railway retains overhead trackage rights. Currently,[when?] there are only 6 trains a week operated by the NYS&W on the line, one in each direction, three times a week. The Stourbridge Railroad (SBRR) depends on the NYS&W for interchange at Lackawaxen, Pennsylvania.
In 2006, NYSW's Utica Main Line had storm damage. The storm damage washed out sections of track in Chenango County putting the branch to Utica out of service. NYS&W continued serving customers on the line in the Utica area and south to Sangerfield from the CSX interconnection in Utica. In 2011, a project to restore the line was started by the Chenango County Industrial Development Agency with funding by the agency, Chenango County, the New York State Department of Transportation, and the federal Economic Development Administration. Work began in March 2016 with the clearing of brush along the 45.5 miles (73.2 km) right-of-way in Chenango County. Subsequent work included filling in washouts, replacing ties, resurfacing bridge decks, repairing and reactivating crossing signals, and other repairs. The restoration project was completed and rail service restored in May 2017.
On August 9, 2007, Delaware Ostego founder Walter Rich died of pancreatic cancer. After Rich's death, the new president, Nathan Fenno, canceled all passenger operations and excursions and the fleet used on them was sold off. Many older diesel locomotives were sidelined, retired, and sold during this time as well.
In July 2011, NYS&W took possession of five leased CEFX locomotives, to ease the railroad's continually worsening power shortage. These five locomotives were used as a supplement to its current EMD 645 fleet in road train service, and occasionally local duty. It was not uncommon to see road train line-ups consisting of entirely leased power.
Passenger service restoration
The Bergen-Passaic Rail Line was a New Jersey Transit initiative in the mid-2000s studying restoration of passenger service on a segment of NYS&W trackage between Sparta and Hackensack, New Jersey to alleviate traffic congestion on Route 23. The project encountered delays when a suitable location for a NJ Transit rail storage yard in or near Sparta could not be agreed upon. In October 2015, U.S. Congressman Bill Pascrell joined state legislators in creating a coalition to revive the project, and in January 2016, the local governments of the involved municipalities passed concurrent resolutions to restart the project.
New FRA-compliant diesel multiple unit rail cars will be used. The project has been promoted via social networking blogs and Facebook, resulting in Kinnelon officials publicly voicing support for the project.
Chinese steam operations and history
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In the 1990s, Walter Rich wanted a China Railways SY type steam locomotive. The engine purchased, SY 1698M, was to be NYS&W #141, delivered eventually to Syracuse, New York. Transport was to be by cargo ship from the Tangshan Works in China via the Indian Ocean. Due to the Gulf War, shipment was delayed for several months. Then the Norwegian freighter M/V Braut Team encountered bad weather in the Indian Ocean, flooded and sank on June 7, 1991 in the Bay of Bengal with all cargo lost.
After news broke of this, NYS&W made an offer to the Valley Railroad to sell their #1647, which the Valley Railroad accepted in 1992. The engine, altered and painted to look like a 1920s-era engine, was lettered and renumbered to #142, the next locomotive after the lost #141. The engine made many runs throughout the NYS&W system, participating in such events such as the Steamtown National Historic Site grand opening in 1995, the Dunellen Railroad Days and Lincoln Park Railroad Days. The engine also has double-headed with other steam locomotives, such as Chesapeake & Ohio #614 and Milwaukee Road #261. The engine now resides on the Belvidere and Delaware River Railway where it runs tourist excursions along the Delaware River.
Connections with other railroads
- CSX Transportation - Syracuse, New York, Utica, New York, North Bergen, New Jersey
- Norfolk Southern Railway - Binghamton, New York, Marion Junction (New Jersey) and the Passaic Junction (rail yard) rail yard in Saddle Brook, New Jersey
- The railroad has connections with five other railroads:
- Morristown & Erie Railway and New Jersey Transit - Passaic Junction (rail yard), Saddle Brook, New Jersey
- Middletown and New Jersey Railroad - Warwick, New York
- Finger Lakes Railway - Syracuse, New York
- Mohawk, Adirondack and Northern Railroad (MHWA) - Utica, New York
- Stourbridge Railroad - Lackawaxen, Pennsylvania
|NJ||Jersey City||Pavonia Terminal||0.0 miles (0 km)||December 1, 1911||December 12, 1958||Until December 1, 1911, the railroad used the Pennsylvania Railroad's Exchange Place Terminal.|
|North Bergen||Susquehanna Transfer||August 1, 1939||June 30, 1966||From December 13, 1958–June 30, 1966, Susquehanna Transfer served as the southern terminus of the railroad.|
|North Bergen||6.0 miles (9.7 km)||June 30, 1966|
|New Durham||6.9 miles (11.1 km)||March 11, 1872||June 30, 1966|
|Babbitt||8.5 miles (13.7 km)||June 30, 1966|
|Ridgefield Park||Little Ferry||11.1 miles (17.9 km)||June 30, 1966||Station was known as Little Ferry despite being across the Hackensack River from the municipality of Little Ferry.|
|Ridgefield Park||11.8 miles (19.0 km)||March 11, 1872||June 30, 1966||Station co-served with the West Shore Railroad of the New York Central Railroad until they discontinued passenger service on December 10, 1959. The original wooden passenger station was replaced by an ornate brick structure that opened on August 20, 1927.|
|Bogota||Bogota||13.2 miles (21.2 km)||March 11, 1872||June 30, 1966|
|Hackensack||Hackensack||13.9 miles (22.4 km)||March 11, 1872||June 30, 1966|
|Prospect Avenue||14.6 miles (23.5 km)||June 30, 1966|
|Maywood||Maywood||15.3 miles (24.6 km)||March 11, 1872||June 30, 1966|
|Rochelle Park||Rochelle Park||16.1 miles (25.9 km)||June 30, 1966|
|Saddle Brook||Passaic Junction||17.4 miles (28.0 km)|
|East Paterson||East Paterson||18.6 miles (29.9 km)||March 11, 1872||June 30, 1966||The station was known as Dundee Lake until October 1928, 12 years after the borough changed names to East Paterson. Damaged in a fire on October 13, 1969, the railroad demolished the station soon after.|
|Paterson||Vreeland Avenue||19.3 miles (31.1 km)||June 30, 1966||The railroad demolished the original wooden Vreeland Avenue station in 1949, replaced by a brick structure that opened in September.|
|Broadway||20.5 miles (33.0 km)||March 11, 1872||June 30, 1966||The station served as junction to the Paterson City Branch, which discontinued service on January 8, 1960. The station, abandoned for 12 years, burned on June 24, 1978.|
|Riverside||21.9 miles (35.2 km)||March 11, 1872||June 30, 1966|
|Hawthorne||Hawthorne||22.8 miles (36.7 km)||March 11, 1872||June 30, 1966|
|North Hawthorne||23.4 miles (37.7 km)||March 11, 1872||June 30, 1966||The station at North Hawthorne was first known as Van Winkles, named after a local family who donated the land for the new station and railway. Despite protests from the family, the Susquehanna moved the station to its modern location on May 24, 1891, when the railroad changed the name to North Paterson. The name changed again in 1923 to North Hawthorne.|
|Midland Park||Midland Park||25.2 miles (40.6 km)||March 11, 1872||June 30, 1966||Midland Park station burned on August 28, 1985 while serving as a furniture stripping company building. The fire resulted in the death of a 74-year old volunteer firefighter when a firetruck rolled back and ran over him.|
|Wortendyke||26.5 miles (42.6 km)||March 11, 1872||June 30, 1966||Wortendyke served as the home of the car repair shops until a fire on December 27, 1891. The shops were not rebuilt at Wortendyke, but moved to North Paterson station in 1892.|
|Wyckoff||Wyckoff||28.0 miles (45.1 km)||March 11, 1872||June 30, 1966|
|Franklin Lakes||Campgaw||29.7 miles (47.8 km)||March 11, 1872||June 30, 1966|
|Crystal Lake||30.7 miles (49.4 km)||March 11, 1872|
|Oakland||Oakland||32.0 miles (51.5 km)||March 11, 1872||June 30, 1966||Oakland station came down on November 25, 1957 to be replaced by a post office that included a small area for a railroad office.|
|Pompton Lakes||Pompton Lakes||35.0 miles (56.3 km)||March 11, 1872||June 30, 1966|
|Pompton Junction||35.6 miles (57.3 km)||January 1, 1873||This station marked a junction with the Erie Railroad's New York and Greenwood Lake Railway. The abandoned station burned to the ground on May 8, 1941.|
|Riverdale||Bloomingdale||36.8 miles (59.2 km)||March 11, 1872||Despite being named after the borough of Bloomingdale, the station was actually in nearby Riverdale.|
|Butler||Butler||38.0 miles (61.2 km)||March 11, 1872||June 30, 1966||Formerly known as West Bloomingdale, Butler served as the northern terminus of commuter passenger service until the end on June 30, 1966.|
ALCO C636 #3660 at Ridgefield Park, New Jersey, September 2005
The Paulinskill Valley Trail in Warren County, New Jersey
- Delaware Otsego Corporation - Parent company for NYS&W
- Susquehanna Transfer station
- Hawthorne station (New York, Susquehanna and Western Railroad)
- Maywood Station Museum
- "Home Page of NYSW".
- "Six Railroads Consolidated; The New-Jersey Midland To Be Carried Into The Coal-Fields" (PDF). The New York Times. June 12, 1881.
- Kaminski, Edward S. (January 2010). Maywood: The Borough, the Railroad, and the Station. ISBN 9780738572345.
- Mohowski, Robert E. (2003). The New York, Susquehanna & Western Railroad. Baltimore: JHU Press. p. 175. ISBN 9780801872228.
- Krause, John, New York, Susquehanna & Western Railroad, Carstens Publications, 1991, p. 5
- Krause, John, New York, Susquehanna & Western Railroad, Carstens Publications, 1991, p. 6
- Robert E. Mohowski (2003). The New York Susquehanna & Western Railroad. The Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0-8018-7222-7
- Drury, George H. (1992). The Train-Watcher's Guide to North American Railroads: A Contemporary Reference to the Major railroads of the U.S., Canada and Mexico. Waukesha, Wisconsin: Kalmbach Publishing. pp. 173–175. ISBN 0-89024-131-7.
- "Six Railroads to Consolidate" (PDF). The New York Times. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
- Page 4, Trains magazine, August 1945
- Ashley, W.W.,"Susquehanna," Trains magazine, July 1947
- "" Docp Acquisition LLC " - Filings - Page 1". SEC Info. Archived from the original on 2012-09-14. Retrieved 2016-11-28.
- "Railroad revitalization leads to new economic opportunities in Chenango County". Retrieved 2017-09-12.
- Grace, Tom (2007-08-10). "Railroad chairman Rich dies". The Daily Star.[permanent dead link]
- Higgs, Larry (October 30, 2015). "Coalition to revive Passaic, Bergen, Hudson light rail plan". NJ.com. Retrieved November 4, 2018.
- "Municipalities Pass Resolutions Supporting Passaic-Bergen Rail Project" (Press release). Passaic County. January 15, 2016. Archived from the original on June 29, 2016. Retrieved September 16, 2016.
- "NJ Transit design and engineering services for the Passaic-Bergen Passenger restoration project". Systra Consulting. Archived from the original on 2013-02-03. Retrieved 2012-05-05.
- Freemark, Yonah (May 14, 2009). "Making Links in North Jersey". The Transport Politic. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
- "Passaic-Bergen Rail Plan Advances" (Press release). New Jersey Transit. April 1, 2007. Retrieved 2005-05-21.
- "Restore Passenger Service on the New York, Susquehanna and Western Rail Line". Nyswpassengerrail.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2016-11-28.
- "Kinnelon mayor wants commuter trains to return - News". NorthJersey.com. Retrieved 2016-11-28.
- Hudson, Mike; Atkins, Philip (September 2007). "Locos lost at sea. The all-time definitive record". The Railway Magazine. Vol. 153 no. 1277. IPC Media Ltd. pp. 14–19. ISSN 0033-8923.
- "The Business Times". Singapore. June 10, 1991. p. 30.
- Soloman, Brian (2012). North American Locomotives:A Railroad-by-Railroad Photohistory. Voyageur Press.
- "Home Page of NYSW". Nysw.com. Retrieved 2016-11-28.
- "Erie's Fight for Terminal". The Paterson Morning Call. November 30, 1911. p. 9. Retrieved October 24, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Final Trip Slated for Erie Ferryboat". The Bergen Evening Record. Hackensack, New Jersey. December 12, 1958. p. 1. Retrieved October 23, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Modified Rapid Transit in Bergen". The Bergen Evening Record. Hackensack, New Jersey. August 1, 1939. p. 20. Retrieved October 23, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Susquehanna Commuter Service Ends". The Herald-News. Passaic, New Jersey. July 1, 1966. p. 1. Retrieved October 23, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- Kaminski, Edward S. (July 31, 2002). Maywood Railroad Station National Register of Historic Places Form (Report). p. 9. Retrieved October 23, 2020.
- "Weehawken-Haverstraw Line to Chug Last Mile Tonight". The Asbury Park Evening Press. December 10, 1959. p. 32. Retrieved October 23, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Ridgefield Park's New Railroad Depot Opened With Parade and Dinner". The Bergen Evening Record. Hackensack, New Jersey. August 22, 1927. p. 5. Retrieved October 23, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Railroad Station Now Has Name of Borough". The Passaic Daily Herald. October 18, 1928. p. 21. Retrieved October 23, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Railroad Station to be Demolished". The Bergen Record. Hackensack, New Jersey. November 20, 1969. p. C3. Retrieved October 23, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- "New Vreeland Ave. Station". The Morning Call. Allentown, New Jersey. September 29, 1949. p. 21. Retrieved October 23, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Suskie Asks Okay to Sell Paterson Land". The Paterson Evening News. January 22, 1960. p. 1. Retrieved October 23, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Station Burns". The Sunday Herald-News. Passaic, New Jersey. June 25, 1978. p. 8. Retrieved October 23, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Susquehanna R.R. Originally Designed to Bring Coal Here". The Paterson Evening News (Golden Jubilee Edition). June 29, 1940. p. 7-2. Retrieved October 23, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- Cardullo, Dana P.S. (August 29, 1985). "Volunteer Fireman, 74, is Killed in Truck Mishap". The Bergen Record. Hackensack, New Jersey. p. 28. Retrieved October 24, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- "RR Station Down After 87 Years". The Paterson Morning Call. November 28, 1957. p. 10. Retrieved October 24, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- Whittemore 1894, p. 47. sfn error: no target: CITEREFWhittemore1894 (help)
- Baxter & Adams 1999, p. 147. sfn error: no target: CITEREFBaxterAdams1999 (help)
- "Pompton Junction Station at Riverdale Burned to the Ground". The Paterson Evening News. May 8, 1941. p. 18. Retrieved October 24, 2020 – via Newspapers.com.
- Maywood Station Historical Committee
- George Povall (1986). The New Susquehanna Great Spots for Shots.
- Krause, John and Crist, Ed (1991). Susquehanna: New York Susquehanna & Western RR. Carstens Publications. ISBN 0-911868-38-0.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Kaminski, Edward S. (2010), New York, Susquehanna & Western Railroad in New Jersey, Arcadia Publishing, ISBN 978-0-7385-7367-0
- Kaminski, Edward S. (2010), Maywood - The Borough, The Station, and The Railroad, Acadia Publishing, ISBN 978-0-7385-7234-5
- Ontario & Western Railway Historical Society
- The Unofficial NYS&W Web Page
- Volunteer Railroaders Association
- Maywood Station Museum
- Southern Tier Timetable
- "THE NEW-JERSEY MIDLAND.; THE STOCKHOLDERS DEMANDING A SHARE UNDER THE REORGANIZATION." The New York Times, March 11, 1880
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway.|
- NYS&W Web Site — Official Corporate Site
- New York, Susquehanna & Western Technical & Historical Society
- Railfan.net NYS&W Site
- The New Jersey Midland Railway — NYS&W Early History
- Details operations at Hanford
- Photographs of the Northern Division
- Historical Photographs
- Susquehanna Surviving Locomotives and All-Time Roster.