Crambe, North Yorkshire

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Crambe
Crambe, North Yorkshire.jpg
Crambe
Crambe is located in North Yorkshire
Crambe
Crambe
Crambe shown within North Yorkshire
OS grid reference SE73329
• London 180 mi (290 km) S
Civil parish
  • Crambe
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town YORK
Postcode district YO60
Police North Yorkshire
Fire North Yorkshire
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire
54°04′33″N 0°52′51″W / 54.0757°N 0.8808°W / 54.0757; -0.8808Coordinates: 54°04′33″N 0°52′51″W / 54.0757°N 0.8808°W / 54.0757; -0.8808

Crambe is a village and civil parish in the Ryedale district of North Yorkshire, England. It is near the River Derwent and 6 miles (10 km) south-west of Malton. The population as of the 2011 census was less than 100. Details are included in the civil parish of Whitwell-on-the-Hill. The village is located in the Howardian Hills Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The father of the renowned mathematician Karl Pearson was born in the village.[1]

History[edit]

Crambe is mentioned in the Domesday Book as "Cranbone" in the Bulford Hundred. There were two manors of land in the parish at that time. One belonged to Sumarlithi, son of Karli, which was passed to the King and then to Robert Brus,[2] and the other to Earl Waltheof, which was given to Count Robert of Mortain following the execution in 1076 of the Earl.[3] The lands have also been in the ownership of Walter Percehay, before both areas of land being joined at some time in the sixteenth century. From that time, the land has been owned by Thomas Bamburgh (of Howsham); Sir John Wentworth and his descendents to 1741; thence to the Cholmely family and to Sir George Strickland.[2]

The name of the village is derived from the Anglo-Saxon word crumb, meaning "a bend in the river".[4]

The village was served by Howsham railway station on the York to Scarborough Line between 1845 and 1849.[5] though it is shown as "Crambe station" on Moule's 1850s maps of North and East Yorkshire.[6]

School[edit]

The school at Crambe was built by local landowner Colonel Cholmley of Howsham in 1841 and is a Grade II listed building.[7] The small single storey building was one of many erected by the Colonel and his wife during the 19th century, such as the Cholmley School in Whitby, the family's old seat.[8] The Cholmley's are related to the ancient family of Cholmondeley in Cheshire. The school is no longer in use.

Governance[edit]

Crambe is part of the Thirsk and Malton UK Parliament constituency. It lies within the Hovingham and Sheriff Hutton electoral district of North Yorkshire County Council. It is also part of the Ryedale South West ward of Ryedale District Council.[9]

Geography[edit]

St Michael's Church, Crambe

The village is at an elevation of 160 feet (49 m) above sea level, lies 0.6 miles (0.97 km) from the A64 road and within a bend in the River Derwent, Yorkshire. The nearest settlements to Crambe are Kirkham 0.5 miles (0.80 km) to the north-east; Whitwell-on-the-Hill 0.9 miles (1.4 km) to the north-west; Barton Hill 1.6 miles (2.6 km) to the south-west and Howsham 1.43 miles (2.30 km) to the south. It is also near Kirkham Priory, Howsham Hall, and Castle Howard.[9]

Religion[edit]

The village church, dedicated to St Michael, was originally built in the Norman period and partially restored at a later date.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Memorial". Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "History". Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  3. ^ Crambe in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 2 December 2012.
  4. ^ "Etymology". Retrieved 2 December 2012. 
  5. ^ Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 978-1-85260-508-7. OCLC 60251199. 
  6. ^ "T Moule's Map of North & East Yorks 1850". Retrieved 4 January 2013. 
  7. ^ "School listing". Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  8. ^ "Cholmley Schools". English Heritage. Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  9. ^ a b "Archived copy". Ordnance Survey Open Viewer. Archived from the original on 5 October 2012. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  10. ^ Bulmer's Topography, History and Directory (Private and Commercial) of North Yorkshire 1890. S&N Publishing. 1890. p. 681. ISBN 1-86150-299-0. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Crambe, North Yorkshire at Wikimedia Commons