Cricket-class destroyer

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HMS Cricket (1906) IWM Q 021130.jpg
HMS Cricket
Class overview
Name: Cricket class
Builders: J S White, Thornycroft, Yarrow, Denny, Hawthorn Leslie, Palmer
Operators:  Royal Navy
Completed: 36
General characteristics
Type: Coastal destroyer
Displacement:
  • 225–255 t normal
  • ~400 t deep load
Length: 175–180 ft (53–55 m) o/a
Beam: 17.5–18 ft (5.3–5.5 m)
Draught: 6 ft (1.8 m)
Propulsion: 2 Yarrow boilers, 3 Parsons turbines generating 3,750 shp (2,800 kW) on three shafts
Speed: 26 knots (48 km/h; 30 mph)
Range: 20–25 t of oil
Complement: 35
Armament:

The Cricket-class coastal destroyers were a series class of small torpedo boat destroyers intended to complement the Royal Navy's Tribal-class destroyers. The thirty-six vessels which broadly comprised this group were actually consisting of several distinct classes.

The first twelve (White's Cricket Class, Thornycroft's Gadfly Class and Yarrow's Mayfly Class) were ordered in 1905 and launched in early 1906. In practice they were not strong enough for open ocean operations and were reclassified as 1st class torpedo boats. These first twelve had been given names but in October 1906 all were then given the numbers TB 1 to TB 12 and their names were withdrawn; the following two batches - each of twelve more boats - were only ever given numbers and were 10 ft (3.0 m) longer. The last boat was launched in 1909. Those that survived the war (six were wartime losses) were sold off from 1919 to 1921.

They were built by six different yards (thirteen by White at Cowes, nine by Thornycroft at Woolston, Hampshire, four each by Denny at Dumbarton and Hawthorn at Hebburn, and three each by Yarrow at Cubitt Town and Palmers at Jarrow).

The boats differed in detail as each shipbuilder was allowed to construct to their own design, and the designs were modified and enlarged for the later batches, but all had two funnels with one of the torpedo tubes on the stern. These vessels resembled the earliest 26-knotter TBDs of 1892-93, having 'turtle-back' forecastles.

By 1914 all boats were serving in North Sea Patrol Flotillas or the Nore Local Defence Flotilla. TB 4 and TB 24 won the Battle Honour Belgian Coast 1915. In 1918 four boats were sent to the Mediterranean: TB 17 and TB 18 served at Gibraltar, TB 29 and TB 30 at Malta, where these went to the breakers.

Boats[edit]

Original
Name
Number Builder[1] Laid down Launched[1] Completion[1] Fate
1905–1906 Programme
Cricket TB 1 J. Samuel White 12 September 1905 23 January 1906 December 1906 Sold 7 October 1920[1]
Dragonfly TB 2 J. Samuel White 15 September 1905 11 March 1906 January 1907 Sold 7 October 1920[1]
Firefly TB 3 J. Samuel White 18 September 1905 1 September 1906 February 1907 Sold 7 October 1920[1]
Sandfly TB 4 J. Samuel White 18 September 1905 30 October 1906 April 1907 Sold 7 October 1920,
Wrecked 11 January 1921 on way to scrapping[1]
Spider[2] TB 5 J. Samuel White 18 September 1905 15 December 1906 1907 Sold for scrapping 7 October 1920.
Gadfly TB 6 Thornycroft 1 September 1905 24 June 1906 December 1906 Sold 22 October 1920[1]
Glowworm TB 7 Thornycroft 25 September 1905 20 December 1906 February 1907 Sold 9 May 1921[1]
Gnat TB 8 Thornycroft 4 October 1905 1 December 1906 March 1907 Sold 9 May 1921[1]
Grasshopper TB 9 Thornycroft 1 November 1905 18 March 1907 June 1907 Sank following collision in North Sea, 26 July 1916[3]
Greenfly TB 10 Thornycroft 2 November 1905 15 February 1907 May 1907 Mined in North Sea, 10 June 1915[4]
Mayfly TB 11 Yarrow 23 November 1905 29 January 1907 May 1907 Mined in North Sea, 17 March 1916[4]
Moth TB 12 Yarrow 23 November 1905 15 March 1907 May 1907 Mined in North Sea, 10 June 1915[4]
1906–1907 Programme
TB 13 J. Samuel White 14 March 1907 10 July 1907 May 1908 Sank following collision in North Sea, 26 January 1916[4]
TB 14 J. Samuel White 18 March 1907 26 September 1907 May 1908 Sold 7 October 1920[1]
TB 15 J. Samuel White 20 March 1907 19 November 1907 May 1908 Sold 7 October 1920[1]
TB 16 J. Samuel White 12 July 1907 23 December 1907 July 1908 Sold 7 October 1920[1]
TB 17 Denny 4 April 1907 21 December 1907 April 1908 Sold 1919 at Gibraltar[1]
TB 18 Denny 4 April 1907 15 February 1908 June 1908 Sold 1920 at Gibraltar[1]
TB 19 Thornycroft 13 March 1907 7 December 1907 2 June 1908 Sold 9 May 1921[1]
TB 20 Thornycroft 20 March 1907 21 January 1908 19 August 1908 Sold 9 May 1921[1]
TB 21 Hawthorn 7 May 1907 20 December 1907 March 1908 Sold 7 October 1920[1]
TB 22 Hawthorn 7 May 1907 1 February 1908 March 1908 Sold 7 October 1920[1]
TB 23 Yarrow 10 February 1907 5 December 1907 19 February 1908 Sold 9 May 1921[1]
TB 24 Palmers 2 April 1907 19 March 1908 June 1908 Wrecked off Dover, 28 January 1917[4]
1907–1908 Programme
TB 25 J. Samuel White 30 December 1907 28 August 1908 22 January 1909 Sold 9 May 1921[1]
TB 26 J. Samuel White 30 December 1907 28 August 1908 February 1909 Sold 9 May 1921[1]
TB 27 J. Samuel White 2 February 1908 29 September 1908 March 1909 Sold 9 May 1921[1]
TB 28 J. Samuel White 27 February 1908 29 October 1908 8 April 1909 Sold 9 May 1921[1]
TB 29 Denny 20 February 1908 29 September 1908 November 1909 Sold 28 November 1919 at Malta[1]
TB 30 Denny 20 February 1908 29 September 1908 January 1910 Sold 28 November 1919 at Malta[1]
TB 31 Thornycroft 8 February 1908 10 October 1908 February 1910 Sold 9 May 1921[1]
TB 32 Thornycroft 9 February 1908 23 November 1908 March 1910 Sold 9 May 1921[1]
TB 33 Hawthorn 17 January 1908 22 February 1909 June 1910 Sold 24 August 1922[1]
TB 34 Hawthorn 7 February 1908 22 February 1909 August 1910 Sold 9 May 1921[1]
TB 35 Palmers 4 February 1908 19 April 1909 August 1910 Sold 24 August 1922[1]
TB 36 Palmers 20 March 1908 6 May 1909 September 1910 Sold 9 May 1921[1]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af Friedman 2009, p. 305.
  2. ^ HMS Spider Archived June 12, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Moore 1997, p. 315.
  4. ^ a b c d e Dittmar, F. J. and J. J. Colledge. "SHIPS OF THE ROYAL NAVY, 1914–1919 – in ALPHABETICAL ORDER (Part 2 of 2)", British Warships 1914–1919. Naval-history.net. Retrieved 30 June 2013.

Bibliography

  • Friedman, Norman. British Destroyers: From Earliest Days to the Second World War. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing, 2009. ISBN 978-1-84832-049-9.
  • Moore, John. Jane's Fighting Ships of World War I. London:Studio, 1990. ISBN 1-85170-378-0.
  • Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921 1985, Conway Maritime Press pp. 72–73