Talisman-class destroyer

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Destroyers moored at Hawthorn Leslie shipyard, Hebburn (15826921322).jpg
HMS Marksman, HMS Talisman and HMS Termagant moored at the Hawthorn Leslie shipyard, Hebburn, 5 November 1915.
Class overview
Name: Talisman class
Builders: Hawthorn Leslie and Company
Operators:  Royal Navy
Preceded by: Thornycroft M class
Succeeded by: Medea class
In service: 1916-1921
Completed: 4
Lost: 1
Retired: 3
General characteristics
Type: Destroyer
Displacement: 1,098 long tons (1,116 t)
Length: 309 ft (94 m) o/a
Beam: 28 ft 7 in (8.71 m)
Draught: 9 ft 6 in (2.90 m)
Installed power:
Propulsion: 3 Shafts; 3 steam turbines
Speed: 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph)
Complement: 102
Armament:

The Talisman class were a quartet of destroyers ordered for the Ottoman Navy before the First World War, but were taken over in November 1914 and completed for the Royal Navy.

Description[edit]

The Talismans were designed by Armstrong Whitworth for the Ottoman Navy, but were sub-contracted to Hawthorn Leslie and Company for building.[1] They displaced 1,098 long tons (1,116 t). The ships had an overall length of 309 feet (94.2 m), a beam of 28 feet 7 inches (8.7 m) and a draught of 9 feet 6 inches (2.9 m). They were powered by three Parsons direct-drive steam turbines, each driving one propeller shaft, using steam provided by three Yarrow boilers. The turbines developed a total of 25,000 shaft horsepower (19,000 kW) and gave a maximum speed of 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph). The ships carried a maximum of 237 long tons (241 t) of fuel oil. The ships' complement was 102 officers and ratings.[2] The hull form was considered particularly successful and was adopted for the V and W class of 1917, arguably the peak of destroyer development at the time.

The Talisman-class ships were heavily armed for their time, shipping five single QF 4-inch (102 mm) Mark IV guns. Two of the guns were side-by-side on the forecastle. The other guns were carried on the centreline; one between the first and second funnels, one after the searchlight platform and one on a bandstand on the quarterdeck. All the guns had half-shields.[2] The ships were designed to accommodate three above water twin mounts for 21-inch (533 mm) torpedoes, but only two mounts were fitted in British service.[3]

Ships[edit]

Originally to have been renamed Napier, Narborough, Offa and Ogre respectively, they were re-allocated "T" names in February 1915.

Name Ship Builder Laid down Launched Completed Fate
Talisman Hawthorn Leslie and Company, Newcastle upon Tyne 7 December 1914 15 July 1915 1 January 1916 Sold for breaking up 9 May 1921.
Termagant Hawthorn Leslie and Company, Newcastle upon Tyne 17 December 1914 26 August 1915 18 March 1916 Sold for breaking up 9 May 1921.
Trident Hawthorn Leslie and Company, Newcastle upon Tyne 1 July 1915 20 November 1915 24 March 1916 Sold for breaking up 9 May 1921.
Turbulent Hawthorn Leslie and Company, Newcastle upon Tyne 1915 5 January 1916 May 1916 Sunk by the German battleship Westfalen during Battle of Jutland, 31 May 1916.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Friedman, p. 143
  2. ^ a b Gardiner & Gray, p. 78
  3. ^ Friedman, p. 142

Bibliography[edit]

  • Dittmar, F.J. & Colledge, J.J. (1972). British Warships 1914–1919. Shepperton, UK: Ian Allen. ISBN 0-7110-0380-7. 
  • Friedman, Norman (2009). British Destroyers: From Earliest Days to the Second World War. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-049-9. 
  • Gardiner, Robert & Gray, Randal (1985). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1906–1921. London: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-245-5.