The adult male scarlet dragonfly has a bright scarlet red, widened abdomen, with small amber patches at the bases of the hindwings. Females and immatures are yellow-brown and have a conspicuous pale stripe along the top of the thorax.
Status and distribution
The scarlet dragonfly is a common species in southern Europe and throughout Africa. It also occurs across western Asia as far as southern China. It is a very rare vagrant in Britain. Its first record in the country was at Hayle Kimbro Pool, The Lizard, Cornwall, on 7 August 1995. Since then there have been a few further records at scattered locations throughout Britain.
A wide range of both running and standing waters, except those that are shaded. Adults may be found some distance from water in habitats ranging from desert to open woodland; absent from dense forest.
- V. Clausnitzer (2013). "Crocothemis erythraea". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 14 August 2015.
- "Scarlet Darter". British Dragonfly Society. Retrieved 12 August 2011.
- Jones, S. P. (1996). The first British record of the Scarlet Dragonfly Crocothemis erythraea (Brullé). Journal of the British Dragonfly Society Vol. 12 No. 1 pp. 11-12
- Dijkstra, K.-D.B.; Clausnitzer, V. (2014). The dragonflies and damselflies of eastern Africa. Tervuren: Royal Museum for Central Africa. ISBN 978-94-916-1506-1.