Cryptocarya foetida

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Cryptocarya foetida
Cryptocarya-foetida.JPG
Stinking laurel
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Magnoliids
Order: Laurales
Family: Lauraceae
Genus: Cryptocarya
Species: C. foetida
Binomial name
Cryptocarya foetida
R.T.Baker

Cryptocarya foetida is a rainforest tree growing at the eastern coastal parts of Australia. The common name is due to the allegedly offensive odour given by the flowers. The stinking cryptocarya or stinking laurel is considered vulnerable to extinction with a ROTAP rating of 3VC.

Habitat[edit]

Growing on littoral rainforest on sand between Iluka, New South Wales and Fraser Island in Queensland. Much of the habitat of Cryptocarya foetida was destroyed by repeated burnings and clearing for seaside housing and development.

Description[edit]

Cryptocarya foetida is a small or medium-sized tree up to 20 metres tall and 20 cm in diameter with a dark green crown.

The trunk is greyish brown, slightly fissured, cylindrical, not buttressed but slightly flanged at the base.

Leaves are typical of many Australian laurels. Alternate, simple, not toothed, ovate to ovate lanceolate, smooth, thick and shiny with a transparent margin, tapering to a blunt point. 8 to 13 cm long by 4 to 5 cm broad. The yellowish venation is conspicuous, particularly on the underside.

Cream flowers appear in summer. The fruit matures in winter, being purplish/black globular drupe, around 8 to 10 mm in diameter. Like most Australian Cryptocarya fruit, removal of the fleshy aril is advised to assist seed germination.

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