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Csodamalom Bábszínház (Magic Mill Puppet Theatre) of Miskolc, Hungary was formed by puppeteer Tibor Korzsény in 1986 as an amateur company. The name "Csodamalom" (Magic Mill) preserves the name of Fábián Mill, which was the former building of the company since then they had moved to 11, Kossuth Street. The theatre functioned as semi-official since 1988 and as official from 1992. Above the 50 play repertoire there are two or three premiers a year, usually a dramatizing classical folk tales. Uniquely in Hungary, they play musical puppet shows, including the puppet-pantomimes staged for adults, such as Pictures at an Exhibition by Mussorgsky, Bolero by Ravel and Carmina Burana by Orff.
History of the theatre
During the last fifty years several attempts had been made to form a permanent puppet theatre in the city of Miskolc, which has outstanding theatrical traditions. In 1947 László Bod, later the director of Budapest State Puppet Theatre, tried to establish the genre in Miskolc.
In the middle 1980s, in the building known as Fábián Mill, initially two groups started their work. The first to perform here was the amateur puppetry led by János Czikora until 1989. Beside this group was the Csodamalom Puppet Theatre established in 1986 by Tibor Korzsény, who was a member of the State Puppet Theatre before, and artist of the Tokaj Varieté.
The first performance was on 26 September 1986 under the management of Tibor Korzsényi. It was an adaptation of a tale by the Grimm Brothers entitled Hansel and Gretel. The artists, including Anna Molnár, Valéria Egerszegi, Aszterisz Pacadisz were members of the Tokaj Varieté, except Ildikó Gyürek.
Following this, Tibor Korzsényi gathered together young people who were interested in the genre. The group enlarged and changed throughout the years. In September, 1990 the higher education of puppeteers was launched with twelve students, under the professional supervision of the State Puppet Theatre. The first shows' puppets were designed by Vera Bródy, and made in the workshop of the State Puppet Theatre by Emőke Szabó applied artist. Scenery were made in the workshop of the National Thetare of MIskolc under the direction of Attila Veres. Accompanying music was composed by composers of Miskolc, music teacher János Zoller and organist László Csabai.
The group soon grew out of its original location. In 1988 the theatre company, then being the amateur puppetry of the City Cultural Centre, received a group operational permit from the National Philharmony, then from 1992 the company was granted the license to work as professional theatre, and was relocated to the building of the former Studio Theatre in Kossuth Street, where they established their own workshop.
In the beginning they carried on the traditions of the State Puppet Theatre playing mainly classic puppet shows for young children.
In recent years the group's professional activities are characterized by variety of techniques and genres. Amongst others the group put up plays based on Roma genesis legends, but their series featuring traditional European fai puppet-show stories, or the stories of Czechoslovakian cartoons formerly being very popular in Hungary have eventually built up a unique repertoire.
Beside hand or glovepuppets they apply several techniques in creating puppets. They make Wayang puppets, and amongst the flat-puppets cut out from paper and installed onto posts, marionettes were used for example in the play, Háry János. Puppets in the King Mátyás tales are moved with a Sicilian marionette technique, while objects transformed into real actors in Rosszcsont Peti (Naughty Peter).
- Judit Juhász: art director
- Erzsébet M.Németh: director
- Mária Jákfalvi, Labodáné: financial director
- Gáspár Zsolt Hajdú
- Ildikó Heiszmann, Nívó-Prize puppeteer
- Zsolt Klim
- Szabolcs Károlyi, puppeteer trainee
- Laura Kulcsár, puppeteer trainee
- Bernadett Láng
- Edit Tar
- Gábor Tulipán
- Tibor Oláh
- Ildikó Juhász, Barnáné: painter, puppet- and set designer
- Laczy, Barna: creative co-worker
- Iboly Sipos, Barnáné: administrator
- Zsolt Méhes: stagecraftician
- Zsoltné Dr. Máthé: janitor
- Sándorné Mikle: seater
- Endre Papp: repairman
- Zoltán Polacsek: decorateur
- István Szabó:decorateur
- Norbert Szarka: decorateur
- Lajos Veres: organiser
- Lászlóné Vizsolyi: cloakroom attendant
- Csba István Újvári: scenic and puppet designer
- György Zábrátzky: scene maker
- "Az együttes rövid története". csodamalom. Retrieved 8 September 2012.
- Klára, Dobos, and Gábor, Mikita, and Béla, GYarmati. Csodamalom Bábszínház, Miskolc 2007.... Miskolc, Redon4color ltd. 2007. p4-5.