Ctenocheloides is a genus of ghost shrimp in the family Callianassidae, containing the single species Ctenocheloides attenboroughi. It was described in 2010, and named in honour of the British natural history broadcaster Sir David Attenborough. It is known from a single female specimen collected in shallow water on the north-western coast of Madagascar.
The genus Ctenocheloides is known from a single female specimen. The total length of the specimen is 19.8 millimetres (0.78 in), with a carapace 4.15 mm (0.163 in) long. Ctenocheloides resembles the genus Ctenocheles, as reflected in the name of the genus, both genera having pectinate (comb-like) fingers to the chelae (claws). Ctenocheloides differs from Ctenocheles in having no rostrum, having well-developed eyes, and in having shorter, fatter claws.
The single known specimen of Ctenocheloides was collected in 2008 from a "large, mud-cemented piece of rubble", dredged from a bay near Hell-Ville, Nosy Bé, in north-western Madagascar. The piece of rubble was lying at a depth of 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) in a bay filled with mangroves.
Both the genus Ctenocheloides and its single species, C. attenboroughi were described in 2010 by Arthur Anker, in a paper in the Journal of Natural History. The genus name reflects the close relationship of the genus to Ctenocheles, while the specific epithet "attenboroughi" commemorates the British natural history broadcaster David Attenborough. It was originally placed in the family Ctenochelidae, which was later reduced to a subfamily of a broader Callianassidae.
- Arthur Anker (2010). "Ctenocheloides attenboroughi n. gen., n. sp. (Crustacea: Decapoda: Axiidea: Ctenochelidae), a new ghost shrimp with pectinate claw fingers from Madagascar". Journal of Natural History 44 (29–30): 1789–1805. doi:10.1080/00222931003633219.
- Gary Poore (2012). "Ctenocheloides Anker, 2010". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved November 8, 2012.