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A cuberdon is a cone-shaped Belgian candy. In Dutch it is also known as a neus (nose), Gentse neus (Ghent nose), or neuzeke (little nose) for its likeness to a human nose. In French, cuberdons are also called chapeau-de-curé and chapeau-de-prêtre (priest's hat).
Cuberdons are made with gum arabic. They are raspberry-flavored and purple, though more recently differently colored and flavoured variants have been available as well. They are traditionally about 2.5 cm wide and weigh approximately 10 to 18 grammes, although smaller version are also commercialized. The outside is relatively hard, whereas the inside is gelatinous. Cuberdons can only be preserved for about three weeks, after which period the inside begins to crystallize. This limited preservability is the reason why cuberdons are infrequently exported outside Belgium.
There are two hypotheses about its origins:
- Either a clergy member living in the city of Bruges created it - which would explain the term of "cleric's cap", another name for it.
- Or the Ghent pharmacist De Vynck in 1873 discovered the recipe of the cuberdon by chance. In order to increase the shelf life of drugs at the time, many were packaged in the form of syrup. When the pharmacist examined a failed preparation after a few days, he found that it had formed a crust, while the core was still liquid. From this discovery came the idea to use such a technique to manufacture candy.
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