Cumann Poblachta na hÉireann

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Cumann Poblachta na hÉireann (Irish pronunciation: [kˠumʷənˠ pʷɔbʷɫəxt̪ˠə n̪ˠə heːɾʲən̪ˠ]; English: Republican Society of Ireland) was a political party established by the Irish Republican Army in 1936. It existed until 1937.

It was founded in Barry's Hotel, Dublin, on 7 March 1936, and decided to adopt a policy of absenteeism with regard to taking its seats in Dáil Éireann and the Parliament of Northern Ireland.[1]

The party was led by prominent IRA members. Paddy McLogan served as party chairman; former IRA chief of staff Andy Cooney was another leading member. Madge Daly (sister of Ned Daly and Kathleen Clarke), Fionna Plunkett (sister of Joseph Plunkett), Seán MacBride, Joseph P. Brennan, Peadar O'Donnell and Moss Twomey were also members.[1][2] General Eoin O'Duffy attended the founding meeting but never became a member.[2]

In 1936, during the legislative period of the 8th Dáil, the party ran two candidates in by-elections:

In the Galway by-election, held in the Galway constituency on 13 August 1936, Count Plunkett ran as a joint Cumann Poblachta na hÉireann/Sinn Féin candidate. Losing his deposit, he polled 2,696 votes (a 4.09 percent share of the vote).[3]

In the Wexford by-election, held in the Wexford constituency on 17 August 1936, Stephen Hayes polled 1,301 votes (a 2.85 percent share of the vote) and lost his deposit.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b The IRA by Tim Pat Coogan page 84
  2. ^ a b Eithne McDermott. "Clann Na Poblachta". p. 11.
  3. ^ "Galway by-election, 1936". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 2009-11-15.
  4. ^ "Wexford by-election, 1936". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 2009-11-15.