Cumrew

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Cumrew
Cumrew - geograph.org.uk - 378567.jpg
The village of cumrew
Cumrew is located in Cumbria
Cumrew
Cumrew
Cumrew shown within Cumbria
Population 85 (2001) [1]
OS grid reference NY 550503
Civil parish
  • Cumrew
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRAMPTON
Postcode district CA8
Dialling code 017689 [2]
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Cumbria
54°50′47″N 2°42′04″W / 54.84627°N 2.70101°W / 54.84627; -2.70101Coordinates: 54°50′47″N 2°42′04″W / 54.84627°N 2.70101°W / 54.84627; -2.70101

Cumrew is a small village and civil parish in north-east Cumbria, England. About 7 miles (11 km) south of Brampton and 13 miles (21 km) east of Carlisle. The population of the civil parish taken at the 2001 census was 85, increasing to 131 at the 2011 Census.[3]

The Village[edit]

Cumrew consists of two townships one of which is Cumrew Inside and the other Cumrew outside. Together they contain 2,686 acres. The parish borders Croglin, Cumwhitton, Carlatton, and Castle Carrock.[4] The village consists of 33 households 31 of which have permanent living residents.[5] Business in Cumrew is very limited and consisted of farms and an engineering company called Clive Walton Engineering Limited. The local farms include Rising Sun, Helme and Gateshaw Mill.[6]

History[edit]

In a field near the church it may be seen that an outline of an extensive quadrangle used to exist. When Hutchinson wrote, there where, what he was conceived by, indications of a large object having occupied the spot. These could be the remains of Dunwalloght castle. There is not much evidence that supports this claim or assumption. As when two small mounds were removed in 1832 there was no trace of a foundation of the castle or masonry. To support the clam of Hutchinson that it was the site of Dunwalloght castle. The Dacres family formerly owned two small estates here, which they sold to Sir Christopher Musgrave and Dugdale, in his Baronage. This is evidence that suggests that they had a castle on this site called Dunwalloght, situated near the borders. Beyond this allusion nothing is known, either of its history or its site.[7]

On the summit of Cardunnock, whose British name has descended to us with considerable purity with ancient Keltic inhabitants. Near is a cairn of stones. An accumulation of these stones must have cost the expenditure of a vast amount of labour. Is where some British chief was laid to rest, with his war axe and flint headed spear beside him. "Great indeed must have been the importance of the mighty dead, for whom these sepulchres on the mountains' brow were reared ; and as when living they were held in honour, so they were set forth on their long journey to the unseen land of Annwyn - the Celtic Paradise of the west - it may be with a nation's tribute of reverence and love."[7]

St Mary's Church[edit]

St Mary's Church, Cumrew [8]

The Church is dedicated to St Mary, built in 1890 and designed by George Dale Oliver. The church is very small with a small tower to the west of the church which holds two bells.[9] The church became a grade two listed building on 1 April 1957.[10]

Population[edit]

Population changes in Cumrew from 1811 to 2001 [11]

The population of cumrew has been decreasing for a number of years between been 1831 to 1891. The population slightly increased in 1901 then took another turn and decreased again between 1921 and 1951.[12] There are two major factors that could have influenced this population decline. The first is that of World War I 1914 to 1918 where young men were called up that would have worked on the farm land around the parish. Britain had casualties totalling 2,535,424 so many of the men that were called up to fight for King and country did not return thus led to a population decrease in many rural parishes in England.[13] It was not long for people who had returned from the war were to be called up again in 1939 because of the start of World War II and like before many of the men did not return from the war thus left the rural populations of the parishes to decline once more. Britain sent more than 5 million men to fight in the war, consequently having a negative impact on the rural parishes.[14] from Since 1961 the population of the village has stayed in an upward trend.[15]

Occupational Structure of Cumrew in 1831[edit]

Males aged 20 and over in 9 occupational categories [16]

Information on the occupational structure of Cumrew is limited.[17] The bar chart shows that many of the men living in the parish in 1831 were agricultural labourers working on farms, for example Rising Sun, Helme Farm and Cateshaw Mill,[6] in and round Cumrew. The farms also supplied many of the boarding parishes with employment as 12 of the farmers employed agricultural labourers.[16]

Governance[edit]

Carlatton and Cumrew is a joint parish council for Cumrew and neighbouring Carlatton; it forms part of the City of Carlisle non-metropolitan district. Cumrew is situated in the electoral ward of Wetheral on the City of Carlisle non-metropolitan district council. Which elects two councillors. Currently both seats are held by the conservatives, cllr Barry Ogilvie Earp and cllr Neville John Lishman.[18] Cumrew is also situated in the Wetheral Division which elects one councillor to Cumbria County Council currently held by the conservatives, Nicholas Henry Marriner.[19] The village of Cumrew is located inside Penrith and The Border constituency for elections to the UK Parliament. This seat is also currently held by the conservatives.[20]

Carlisle City Council, Wetheral Ward Result 06 May 2011 [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Roger Nicholson Horne 794 28%
Conservative Neville Lishman 1,727 61%
Independent Geoff Round 326 11%
Majority 933 33%
Turnout 2,847 77%
Conservative hold Swing
Carlisle City Council, Wetheral Ward Result 01 May 2008 [21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Barry Ogilvie Earp 1,283 78%
Labour Roger Nicholson Horne 352 22%
Majority 931 57%
Turnout 1,635 44%
Conservative hold Swing
Cumbria County Council, Wetheral Division Result 04 June 2009[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
BNP Susan Elizabeth Parker 95 4%
Conservative Nicholas Henry Marriner 1,602 61%
Labour Roger Nicholson Horne 536 20%
UKIP Michael John Owen 394 15%
Majority 1,066 41%
Turnout 2,627 45.8%
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 2010: Penrith and The Border [20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Rory Stewart 24,071 53.4 +2.0
Liberal Democrat Peter Thornton 12,830 28.5 +2.6
Labour Barbara Cannon 5,834 12.9 −6.1
UKIP John Stanyer 1,259 2.8 +0.3
BNP Chris Davidson 1,093 2.4 N/A
Majority 11,241 24.9 −0.6
Turnout 45,087 69.9 +3.2
Conservative hold Swing −0.3

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area: Cumrew CP (Parish)". Parish Profile - People. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  2. ^ "Geographic Numbers". Dialling Code. ukphoneinfo. Retrieved 16 March 2012. 
  3. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 27 January 2016. 
  4. ^ "Cumberland Towns & Parishes". CUMREW, Cumberland. GEN UKI. Retrieved 15 March 2012. 
  5. ^ "Neighbourhood Statistics". Parish Profile - Accommodation and Tenure. Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "The Cumbria Directory". Businesses in Cumrew. The Butler. Retrieved 12 March 2012. 
  7. ^ a b "Description of Cumrew". Description from T. Bulmer & Co's History, Topography and Directory of East Cumberland, 1884. UK and Ireland Genealogy. Retrieved 19 March 2012.   This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  8. ^ "Geograph". St Mary's Church. Peter McDermott. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  9. ^ "Visit Cumbria". St Mary's Church. Visit Cumbria. Retrieved 15 March 2012. 
  10. ^ "Church of St Mary, Cumrew". Listing Text. British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 16 March 2012. 
  11. ^ "Population changes in cumrew". Historical statistics Population. Vision of Britain. Retrieved 15 March 2012. 
  12. ^ "Historical statistics". Population data. Vision of Britain. Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  13. ^ "World War I Statistics". Comparison of Casualties. Anzacday. Archived from the original on 15 April 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2012. 
  14. ^ "Fact File". Commonwealth and Allied Forces. BBC. Retrieved 20 April 2012. 
  15. ^ "Population" (PDF). Parish Population Change 1991 - 2001. Cumbria County Council. Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  16. ^ a b "Cumrew AP/CP". Historical statistics - Industry (table view). Vision of Britain. Retrieved 20 April 2012. 
  17. ^ "Historical statistics - Occupational Information". Males aged 20 & over, in 9 occupational categories. Vision of Britain. Retrieved 19 April 2012. 
  18. ^ "Carlisle City Council Members". Council and democracy. Carlisle City Council. Archived from the original on 13 August 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2012. 
  19. ^ "Council & Democracy". Find Councillor. Cumbria County Council. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  20. ^ a b "Election 2010". Penrith & The Border. BBC. Retrieved 18 March 2012. 
  21. ^ a b "Council and democracy". Election Results. carlisle city council. Retrieved 17 March 2012. 
  22. ^ "Election Results". Wetheral Division Results. Cumbria County Council. Retrieved 17 March 2012. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Cumrew at Wikimedia Commons