Därstetten

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Därstetten
The Moos hamlet in Därstetten.
The Moos hamlet in Därstetten.
Coat of arms of Därstetten
Coat of arms
Därstetten is located in Switzerland
Därstetten
Därstetten
Location of Därstetten
Karte Gemeinde Därstetten 2010.png
Därstetten is located in Canton of Bern
Därstetten
Därstetten
Därstetten (Canton of Bern)
Coordinates: 46°39′N 7°29′E / 46.650°N 7.483°E / 46.650; 7.483Coordinates: 46°39′N 7°29′E / 46.650°N 7.483°E / 46.650; 7.483
Country Switzerland
Canton Bern
District Frutigen-Niedersimmental
Area[1]
 • Total 32.84 km2 (12.68 sq mi)
Elevation 757 m (2,484 ft)
Population (Dec 2016[2])
 • Total 851
 • Density 26/km2 (67/sq mi)
Postal code 3763
SFOS number 0761
Surrounded by Blumenstein, Diemtigen, Erlenbach im Simmental, Oberstocken, Oberwil im Simmental, Pohlern, Rüeggisberg, Rüschegg
Website http://www.daerstetten.ch
SFSO statistics

Därstetten is a municipality in the Frutigen-Niedersimmental administrative district in the canton of Bern in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Därstetten is first mentioned in 1228 as Tarenchat.[3] The village of Weissenburg was first mentioned around 1270 as Wisinburc and in 1278 as Album-castrum.[4]

The oldest trace of a settlement in the area is a single Neolithic artifact found at Stufengrind. During the Middle Ages the land was owned by the Freiherr von Weissenburg, who was first mentioned in 1175. Around the third quarter of the 12th century he donated land along the Simmen river to the Augustinian order for a monastery. The monastery was first mentioned in 1228 along with the surrounding village. Weissenburg Castle was probably built in the mid-13th century and was first mentioned in 1278. In 1368 the Freiherr von Brandis inherited the Weissenburg lands including patronage of the monastery. It continued to expand during the 13th and 14th centuries as nobles donated lands and the monastery bought estates. The monastery church of St. Mary became the burial church of the Freiherrs. In 1439 the city of Bern acquired the Weissenburg lands including the monastery and the village. In 1486 they forced the monastery to accept the authority of the college of canons of the Cathedral of Bern. In 1528, Bern adopted the new faith of the Protestant Reformation and secularized the monastery. The monastery church became the parish church of newly created parish.[3]

The farming communities around the monastery were generally self-sufficient with only limited trade. Beginning in the 16th century this changed as they began raising livestock for export. In 1902 the Spiez-Zweisimmen railroad connected Därstetten with the Swiss rail network and the Därstetten and Weissenburg rail stations became village centers. Today the local economy is based on cattle raising, cheese making, forestry, small businesses and tourism.[3]

Geography[edit]

Därstetten municipality and surrounding mountains

Därstetten has an area of 32.84 km2 (12.68 sq mi).[1] As of 2012, a total of 15.16 km2 (5.85 sq mi) or 46.2% is used for agricultural purposes, while 13.07 km2 (5.05 sq mi) or 39.9% is forested. The rest of the municipality is 0.88 km2 (0.34 sq mi) or 2.7% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.36 km2 (0.14 sq mi) or 1.1% is either rivers or lakes and 3.32 km2 (1.28 sq mi) or 10.1% is unproductive land.[5]

During the same year, housing and buildings made up 1.3% and transportation infrastructure made up 1.2%. A total of 32.8% of the total land area is heavily forested and 5.7% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 15.9% is pasturage and 29.9% is used for alpine pastures. All the water in the municipality is flowing water. Of the unproductive areas, 6.9% is unproductive vegetation and 3.2% is too rocky for vegetation.[5]

The municipality is located on the valley floor and hills around the Stockhorn and Turnen mountains. The landscape includes a valley floor, forests and alps. It includes the farming cooperatives (Bäuerten) of Weissenburg, Reichenbach and Wiler.

On 31 December 2009 Amtsbezirk Niedersimmental, the municipality's former district, was dissolved. On the following day, 1 January 2010, it joined the newly created Verwaltungskreis Frutigen-Niedersimmental.[6]

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Gules a castle embatteled Argent and a double rose of the same barbed and seeded proper.[7]

Demographics[edit]

Houses in Därstetten

Därstetten has a population (as of December 2016) of 851.[2] As of 2010, 2.8% of the population are resident foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years (2001-2011) the population has changed at a rate of -3.2%. Migration accounted for -2.9%, while births and deaths accounted for -0.4%.[8]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (852 or 96.9%) as their first language, French is the second most common (8 or 0.9%) and Albanian is the third (6 or 0.7%). There are 2 people who speak Italian and 2 people who speak Romansh.[9]

As of 2008, the population was 50.6% male and 49.4% female. The population was made up of 414 Swiss men (48.8% of the population) and 16 (1.9%) non-Swiss men. There were 411 Swiss women (48.4%) and 8 (0.9%) non-Swiss women.[10] Of the population in the municipality, 467 or about 53.1% were born in Därstetten and lived there in 2000. There were 267 or 30.4% who were born in the same canton, while 70 or 8.0% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 45 or 5.1% were born outside of Switzerland.[9]

As of 2011, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 20.8% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 60.3% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 18.9%.[8]

As of 2000, there were 396 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 398 married individuals, 63 widows or widowers and 22 individuals who are divorced.[9]

As of 2010, there were 105 households that consist of only one person and 28 households with five or more people.[11] In 2000, a total of 296 apartments (70.5% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 98 apartments (23.3%) were seasonally occupied and 26 apartments (6.2%) were empty.[12] As of 2010, the construction rate of new housing units was 2.4 new units per 1000 residents.[8] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2012, was 0.87%. In 2011, single family homes made up 45.9% of the total housing in the municipality.[13]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[3][14][15]

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

Knuttihaus im Moos

The farm house at Nidflue 309, the farm house Argel at Zur Obern 161 and the Knuttihaus im Moos at Moos 47 are all listed as Swiss heritage sites of national significance. The hamlets of Nidflue and Wiler, the Därstetten Church and the area around the Weissenburg are all part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites.[16]

Politics[edit]

In the 2011 federal election the most popular party was the Swiss People's Party (SVP) which received 62.2% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the Conservative Democratic Party (BDP) (15.1%), the Federal Democratic Union of Switzerland (EDU) (6.5%) and the Social Democratic Party (SP) (3.3%). In the federal election, a total of 341 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 51.9%.[17]

Economy[edit]

As of  2011, Därstetten had an unemployment rate of 0.73%. As of 2008, there were a total of 358 people employed in the municipality. Of these, there were 155 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 54 businesses involved in this sector. 78 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 16 businesses in this sector. 125 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 25 businesses in this sector.[8] There were 437 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 40.5% of the workforce.

In 2008 there were a total of 248 full-time equivalent jobs. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 89, all of which were in agriculture. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 70 of which 39 or (55.7%) were in manufacturing and 31 (44.3%) were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 89. In the tertiary sector; 35 or 39.3% were in wholesale or retail sales or the repair of motor vehicles, 10 or 11.2% were in the movement and storage of goods, 14 or 15.7% were in a hotel or restaurant, 6 or 6.7% were technical professionals or scientists, 7 or 7.9% were in education and 13 or 14.6% were in health care.[18]

In 2000, there were 74 workers who commuted into the municipality and 225 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 3.0 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering. A total of 212 workers (74.1% of the 286 total workers in the municipality) both lived and worked in Därstetten.[19] Of the working population, 11.7% used public transportation to get to work, and 56.3% used a private car.[8]

In 2011 the average local and cantonal tax rate on a married resident, with two children, of Därstetten making 150,000 CHF was 12.6%, while an unmarried resident's rate was 18.5%.[20] For comparison, the average rate for the entire canton in the same year, was 14.2% and 22.0%, while the nationwide average was 12.3% and 21.1% respectively.[21] In 2009 there were a total of 344 tax payers in the municipality. Of that total, 62 made over 75,000 CHF per year. There were 8 people who made between 15,000 and 20,000 per year. The greatest number of workers, 94, made between 50,000 and 75,000 CHF per year. The average income of the over 75,000 CHF group in Därstetten was 99,552 CHF, while the average across all of Switzerland was 130,478 CHF.[22]

In 2011 a total of 1.8% of the population received direct financial assistance from the government.[23]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 747 or 85.0% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church, while 47 or 5.3% were Roman Catholic. Of the rest of the population, there was 1 member of an Orthodox church, and there were 30 individuals (or about 3.41% of the population) who belonged to another Christian church. There were 12 (or about 1.37% of the population) who were Islamic. There was 1 person who was Hindu and 4 individuals who belonged to another church. 16 (or about 1.82% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 21 individuals (or about 2.39% of the population) did not answer the question.[9]

Education[edit]

In Därstetten about 53.4% of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 8.9% have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[8] Of the 42 who had completed some form of tertiary schooling listed in the census, 73.8% were Swiss men, 23.8% were Swiss women.[9]

The Canton of Bern school system provides one year of non-obligatory Kindergarten, followed by six years of Primary school. This is followed by three years of obligatory lower Secondary school where the students are separated according to ability and aptitude. Following the lower Secondary students may attend additional schooling or they may enter an apprenticeship.[24]

During the 2011-12 school year, there were a total of 93 students attending classes in Därstetten. There was one kindergarten class with a total of 14 students in the municipality. The municipality had 3 primary classes and 49 students. Of the primary students, 6.1% were permanent or temporary residents of Switzerland (not citizens). During the same year, there was one lower secondary class with a total of 19 students. There were 5.3% who were permanent or temporary residents of Switzerland (not citizens). The remainder of the students attend a private or special school.[25]

As of  2000, there were a total of 94 students attending any school in the municipality. Of those, 92 both lived and attended school in the municipality, while 2 students came from another municipality. During the same year, 88 residents attended schools outside the municipality.[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
  3. ^ a b c d Därstetten in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ Weissenburg in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  5. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (in German) accessed 25 March 2010
  6. ^ Nomenklaturen – Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz (in German) accessed 4 April 2011
  7. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 25 October 2013
  8. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived January 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. accessed 25 October 2013
  9. ^ a b c d e STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 Archived April 9, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 2 February 2011
  10. ^ Statistical office of the Canton of Bern (in German) accessed 4 January 2012
  11. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Haushaltsgrösse Archived October 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 8 May 2013
  12. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen Archived September 7, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 28 January 2011
  13. ^ Statistischer Atlas der Schweiz - Anteil Einfamilienhäuser am gesamten Gebäudebestand, 2011 accessed 17 June 2013
  14. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 Archived September 30, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 29 January 2011
  15. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Ständige Wohnbevölkerung in Privathaushalten nach Gemeinde und Haushaltsgrösse Archived July 18, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 12 August 2013
  16. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Archived from the original on 28 June 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  17. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office 2011 Election Archived November 14, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 8 May 2012
  18. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 Archived December 25, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) accessed 28 January 2011
  19. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb (in German) accessed 24 June 2010
  20. ^ Statistischer Atlas der Schweiz - Steuerbelastung, 2011 Politische Gemeinden (in German) accessed 15 May 2013
  21. ^ Swiss Federal Tax Administration - Grafische Darstellung der Steuerbelastung 2011 in den Kantonen (in German) (in French) accessed 17 June 2013
  22. ^ Federal Tax Administration Report Direkte Bundessteuer - Natürliche Personen - Gemeinden - Steuerjahr 2009 Archived October 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. (in German) (in French) accessed 15 May 2013
  23. ^ Statistischer Atlas der Schweiz - Bezüger/-innen von Sozialhilfeleistungen (Sozialhilfeempfänger/-innen), 2011 accessed 18 June 2013
  24. ^ EDK/CDIP/IDES (2010). Kantonale Schulstrukturen in der Schweiz und im Fürstentum Liechtenstein / Structures Scolaires Cantonales en Suisse et Dans la Principauté du Liechtenstein (PDF) (Report). Retrieved 24 June 2010. 
  25. ^ Schuljahr 2011/12 pdf document(in German) accessed 9 May 2013

External links[edit]