DB Class 120

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Deutsche Bundesbahn Baureihe 120
120 105-2 Ü-P und H, 2013.jpg
120 105-2 with an InterCity from Berlin to Cologne, 2013.
Type and origin
Power type Electric
Builder BBC, Henschel, Krauss-Maffei, Krupp
Build date 1979–1980 (120.0)
1987–1989 (120.1)
Total produced 65
Specifications
Configuration:
 • UIC Bo′Bo′
Gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Length 19.20 m (63 ft 0 in)
Loco weight 84.0 t (82.7 long tons; 92.6 short tons)
Electric system(s) 15 kV 16⅔ Hz AC Catenary
Current source Pantograph
Traction motors Four
Loco brake KE-GPR, electric brakes
Train brakes Air
Safety systems Sifa, Indusi
Performance figures
Maximum speed 200 km/h (124 mph)
Power output 5,600 kW (7,500 hp)
Tractive effort 340 kN (76,000 lbf) Max
215 kN (48,000 lbf) @92.6 km/h (58 mph)
Career
Operators Deutsche Bundesbahn
Deutsche Bahn AG
Class 120
Disposition Still in active service

The DB Baureihe 120 is a class of electric locomotives operated by DB Fernverkehr in Germany.

Background and design[edit]

The locomotives' prototypes, delivered in 1979 (Mark 120.0), were one of the first electric locomotives with three-phase motors. They were based on experiences made in the 1970s with diesel-electric test platforms (Mark DE 2500/ DB Mark 202). In Norway, a new four-axle Locomotive, Mark El-17, was launched during 1983 with top speeds up to 93 miles per hour (150 km/h).

The design was intended to be the first truly universal locomotive, capable of pulling fast passenger trains as well as heavy freight trains. While the electric equipment exceeded expectations, the mechanical part suffered from its lightweight construction necessitated by the heavy electronics of the time.

After extensive tests, a series of 60 locomotives (Mark 120.1) were ordered in 1984 and delivered in 1986–1988. Original plans to build up to 2,000 machines were ultimately ended by DB's privatisation. The 120s went to DB Fernverkehr, the other divisions of Deutsche Bahn ordered locomotives that featured technologies from the 120, but were not direct successors.

Technical data 120[edit]

Sortable table
120.0 120.1
General
Operator DB =>
Manufacturing year 1979-19xx 1986–1988
Number of manuf. 5 60
Supplier mechanical part Henschel, Krauss Maffei, Krupp =>
Supplier electrical part BBC, Siemens, AEG =>
Axle arr Bo-Bo =>
Weight 84.0 t (82.7 long tons; 92.6 short tons) =>
Axle load 21.0 t (20.7 long tons; 23.1 short tons) =>
Max tractive eff 340 kN (76,000 lbf) 340 kN (76,000 lbf)
Max speed 280 km/h (170 mph) 200 km/h (120 mph)
Body
Length 19,200 mm (63 ft 0 in) =>
Bogie distance 10,200 mm (33 ft 6 in) =>
Height over pantograph 4,375 mm (14 ft 4.2 in) =>
Body width 3,000 mm (9 ft 10 in) =>
Coupling buffers and chain =>
Surface smooth steel sheet =>
Colour wine-red beige red, white
Bogies
Track width 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge =>
Wheel base 2,800 mm (9 ft 2 in) =>
Wheel diameter, new 1,250 mm (49.21 in) =>
Primary suspension coil =>
Secondary suspension coil =>
Brake shoe, rheostatic, regenerative shoe, regenerative
Bogie Weight 15.96 t (15.71 long tons; 17.59 short tons) =>
Min hor radius 100 m (328 ft) =>
Electrical equipment
Catenary voltage 15 kV =>
Catenary frequency 1623 Hz =>
Max cont power 4.4 MW (5,900 hp) =>
Traction motor BQg 4843 =>
Max power trainheating 900 kW (1,200 hp) =>

Gallery[edit]

External links[edit]