Siemens Vectron diesel version (Innotrans 2010)
|Data refers to electric versions, except where noted|
The Vectron is a locomotive series made by Siemens Mobility, introduced at the 2010 InnoTrans trade fair in four prototype versions: diesel, multi-system, and both AC and DC electric power. The Vectron series is reconfigurable and modular, with a Bo'Bo' wheel arrangement, and is intended as the successor to the EuroSprinter family of locomotives.
Background and design
Around the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century Siemens successfully produced freight and passenger/universal versions of its EuroSprinter locomotive platform; initially made as single voltage machines for European state railways (Austria, Germany), later as multivoltage locomotives for cross border working; this design resulted in numerous orders from both state and private railways, as well as rail leasing companies, primarily in the European Union area.
Siemens identified the potential for further growth in the market, particularly in trans-Alpine freight (Northern Europe to Italy), railfreight from northern European ports into Europe and from Baltic ports into Russia, as well as the potential for growth in newer members of the European Union (Poland, Hungary etc.).
The design incorporates elements from previous Siemens locomotives—the train control package and traction control system are from the ES64F4 and ES64U4 Eurosprinter models respectively, whilst traction system is derived from the ER20 EuroRunner. The cab and replaceable front end (buffer-bar) derives from the latest Eurosprinter model i.e. locomotives such as the Belgian SNCB Class 18 or Portuguese CP Class 4700.
The Vectron is designed to be easily reconfigurable to a variety of country or work specific configurations; reconfiguration to different safety systems is simplified with pre-designed mounting points for track equipment, modular safety equipment cabinets in the locomotive body and a driver's desk designed for a wide variety of information equipment.
The locomotives are also available in a medium power (5.2 MW or 7,000 hp) version for regional passenger and medium freight work as well as a high power (6.4 MW or 8,600 hp) version. DC only versions are only available in medium power. The standard design speed is 160 km/h (99 mph), which can be upgraded to 200 km/h (120 mph) with the addition of semi-active yaw dampers incorporating a bogie–bogie steering mechanism.
The main body of the vehicle is self-supporting, consisting of an underframe of three longitudinal sill plates (centre and sides), side walls, transverse support members for the bogie pivots and for the transformer, and end sill plates. The roof is in three sections and is removable, the two drivers cabins also have a replaceable front end. The buffer beam section is also a separate part, which allows replacement if it is damaged in a collision.
The main compartment of the locomotive contains the electrical equipment except the main transformer and batteries which are located below the frame. All electrical components are placed in predefined locations on either side of a central aisle connecting the two cabins with each mounting position being reserved for a single type of equipment.
The bogies transmit tractive force through a central pivot. The traction motors are flexibly supported by the bogie frame, and are connected to the wheelset mounted reduction gears by a multiple disc coupling. A full hollow shaft (folded cardan) drive system is also optional. Mechanical braking is via wheel-mounted disc brakes. Electrical regenerative braking is also used.
The locomotives can work in double, multiple and push-pull formation with other Vectron, Eurosprinter and Eurorunner locomotives as well as some other locomotives fitted with the same multiple working equipment. The design also allows single cab version for use in permanent double coupled locomotive working or for use with passenger trains with a blanking module replacing one of the cab ends.
Diesel engined versions
Introduction and testing
The first locomotives of the type were AC and multisystem locomotives presented at the Test- and Validationcenter Wegberg-Wildenrath in June 2010. AC, DC, multivoltage electric system and a diesel engined version were officially launched at the 2010 Innotrans trade fair.
The Vectron design received certification to operate in Romania in 2012, the DC Vectron version also was homologated for use in Poland in 2012, and the design received European community certification for inter-operability on high-speed rail systems. (EC Decisions 2002/735/EC and 2008/232/CE)
Certification for use of the AC version in Germany was obtained in December 2012, as part of joint certification procedure between Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Italy and the Netherlands.
The AC version received certification for Hungary in late 2013. In January 2014 the Vectron locomotive class received certification under the EU 'Technical specification for interoperability for Locomotives and Passenger rolling stock' (Decision 2011/291/EU), and in July 2014 the AC version was certified for use in Norway.
The locomotives were released for operation in Turkey in November 2014. Preliminary certifications for some multisystem locomotives in the Czech Republic  and Slovakia followed. A preliminary certification for some DC version locomotives in the Czech Republic was reported shortly after. The permanent authorizations for the MS and AC versions were granted in March 2015 for the Czech Republic  and in May 2015 for Slovakia. In July 2015, the DC version was homologated for Italy. Since August 2015, the MS version is homologated for Poland. The homologation for Croatia and Slovenia was published in September 2015. Since February 2017, the MS version is homologated for Italy.
A Siemens press release on the occasion of 500 sold locomotives revealed that homologations also exist for Bulgaria, Serbia and Switzerland. The MS version was homologated for the Netherlands in September 2017.
Homologations which cannot be clearly assigned to the locomotive's electric system were assumed on the basis of neighboring countries and current systems and are given in brackets in the following table.
|Railpool||15 kV 16.7 Hz||6||2010||For cross-border freight and passenger services in Germany and Austria.|
|FuoriMuro||3 kV DC||2||2012||Italian private operator. Ordered March 2012 for delivery in late 2013.|
|DB Cargo Polska||3 kV DC||23||2012||For freight service in Poland, with delivery from 2012 to 2015, (option for further 13 locomotives). First units delivered December 2012. Four of them are currently leased by PKP Intercity as temporary replacement for EP09 until July 2015.|
|MRCE||AC||15||2013||160 km/h version, prefitted for conversion to multi-system versions. Ordered by leasing company Mitsui Rail Capital Europe (MRCE), for expected use between Germany, Austria, and Hungary.|
|BoxXpress||AC||4||2013||For services between Germany and Austria.|
|CargoServ||1||2013||For use by Cargo Service GmbH. subsidiary of Logistik Service GmbH (LogServ).|
|Paribus Capital||AC||2||2013||Acquired by Paribus Capital GmbH for lease on passenger services in Sweden.|
|VR Group||25 kV 50 Hz AC||80||2013||Contract of over €300 million with Finnish national operator to replace VR Class Sr1 on passenger and freight (to be finalised early 2014, with options for 97 more). Initial expectation of deliveries starting in 2016, with 10 locomotives in service beginning in 2017. Series production from 2018 to 2026. 1,524 mm (5 ft) gauge and modified for work down to −40 °C. Also fitted with 'last mile' diesel engines for unelectrifed docks and yards. First unit delivered April 2015, for pre-series production testing. Units are to be winterised, including air intakes on roof. In January 2019 the application for usage in passenger trains was denied, due to problems with the STM enabling the ETCS based onboard signalling system to communicate with Finnish signals. There are random emergency brakes.|
|CFI||DC||2||2014||2 DC units ordered by Compagnia Ferroviaria Italiana (CFI) with 180 kW diesel shunting modules ('last mile diesel') for operations on unelectrified sections.|
|ELL||AC/MS||50 (up to)||2014||Ordered for leasor European Locomotive Leasing (ELL), part financed by Kohlberg Kravis Roberts (KKR). Agreement for up to 50 locomotives, with AC versions for Germany, Austria and Hungary, and multisystem versions with additional equipment for operating into Poland, Slovakia and the Czech Republic, also fitted with ETCS.|
|mgw Service||1||2014||Delivery August 2014.|
|Railpool||5||2014||Order placed by leasing company Railpool GmbH.|
|MRCE||15 kV AC||20||2014||June 2014; twenty 6.4 MW 200 km/h ETCS fitted locomotives ordered.|
|BoxXpress||4||2014||Delivery starting in November 2014.|
|Wiener Lokalbahnen Cargo GmbH (WLC)||1||2014||No further details known.|
|BLS Cargo||MS||15||2015||For operation in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Italy and the Netherlands, including trans-alpine freight.|
|ENON GmbH||AC / Diesel||1||2015||ENON GmbH freight subsidiary EGP (Eisenbahngesellschaft Potsdam) ordered a locomotive for cross-border traffic between Austria and Germany. The locomotive is equipped with a diesel engine for shunting or railway siding trips.|
|ITL Eisenbahngesellschaft||MS||6||2015||Order for three locomotives for use in Germany, Austria, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary. (option for three more taken in 2016.|
|PKP Cargo||MS||15||2015||For delivery early 2016 to summer 2017. Equipped for Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Slovakia, and with ETCS; 3 locos equipped for Netherlands as well. Option for five further units.|
|MRCE||15 kV AC/MS||21||2015||October 2015; 10 locomotives for use in Germany and Austria, 11 for use in Germany, Austria and Italy. All fitted with relevant national safety systems as well as ETCS.|
|Railpool||3||2015||Order placed by leasing company Railpool GmbH.|
|Unicredit Leasing GmbH||DC||8||2015||Locomotives leased by DB Schenker Rail. Delivery from the end of 2016, 5.2 MW, 160 km/h.|
|EP Cargo||MS||1||2015||Delivery in February 2016. Locomotive homologated for Germany, Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary and Romania.|
|Prvá Slovenská Železnicná (PSŽ)||MS||1||2015||Locomotive homologated for Germany, Austria, Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary.|
|Lokomotion||MS||8||2016||ETCS equipped. For operations in Germany, Austria and Italy.|
|TX Logistik||MS||10||2016||Purchased by Alpha Trains Luxembourg (Alpha Trains) for lease to TX Logistik. For use between Germany, Austria and Italy, with ETCS fitted.|
|ČD Cargo||MS||5||2016||The multisystem locomotives can be operated in all countries neighboring the Czech Republic as well as in Hungary and Romania. All locomotives will be equipped with train control systems for these countries as well as the European Train Control System (ETCS). The locomotives have a maximum output of 6,400 kW and a top speed of 160 km/h.|
|PIMK||AC||2||2016||Two units ordered by PIMK (Bulgaria), one of which is former 5.6MW test locomotive 192 962.|
|Railpool||AC MS||5||2016||Five locomotives ordered with an option for a further ten, for use in Germany, Austria, Hungary and Romania.|
|ELL||50 (up to)||2016||Up to 50 further locomotives for European Locomotive Leasing from Netherlands or Germany to Italy and central European countries.|
|MRCE||MS||10||2016||For use between Germany, Austria and Italy.|
|Hector Rail||AC||20||2016||5 locomotives ordered in 2016. Option for 15 additional locomotives changed to order in 2017.|
|mgw Service||1||2016||Delivery in October 2016.|
|Railcare||AC||7||2016||6.4 MW 15 kV AC with last mile diesel for use in Switzerland, Austria, and Germany.|
|Infraleuna GmbH||DE||1||2016||Infraleuna is the first external customer for the diesel-electric Vectron DE. Delivery in the first half of 2017.|
|DB Cargo||DE||4||2017||DB Cargo Deutschland operates the Vectron DE locomotives on long-term hire from Siemens.|
|LokRoll AG||MS||18||2017||Locomotives leased by SBB Cargo.|
|Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB)||MS, AC||200 (up to)||2017||Framework contract for the delivery of up to 100 alternating current (AC) locomotives, 50 alternating current (AC) locomotives with diesel power modules and 50 multisystem (MS) locomotives. A firm order for 30 MS locomotives was placed at the signing.|
|Raaberbahn||AC||9||2017||Two alternating current (AC) locomotives with diesel power modules and 3 multisystem (MS) locomotives ordered, four AC locomotives|
|Unipetrol Transport||MS||3||2017||6.4MW, for use in the Czech Republic, Germany, Austria, Poland and Slovakia|
|ITL Eisenbahngesellschaft||MS||6||2017||Three locomotives for use in Germany, Austria, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Romania and Hungary, three more additionally also homologated for the Netherlands.|
|ČD Cargo||MS||3||2017||The multisystem locomotives can be operated in all countries neighboring the Czech Republic as well as in Hungary, Slovenia and Romania.|
|Hupac||MS||8||2017||6.4MW, for use in the Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Italy and the Netherlands.|
|InRail||DC||3||2017||DC locomotives for use in Italy.|
|Deutsche Bahn||MS||100 (up to)||2017||60 locomotives from framework agreement ordered. For use in Germany, Austria, Switzerland, Italy, the Netherlands and (from 2020) Belgium.|
|MRCE||MS||10||2017||For use between Germany, Austria, Italy, Switzerland and the Netherlands.|
|MRCE||DC||40 (up to)||2017||20 ordered for use in Italy, option for further 20.|
|ZSSK, leased from S Rail Lease||MS||10||2017||For use between Bratislava and Košice.|
|RDC Autozug Sylt GmbH||DE||2||2017||For car shuttle trains to the island of Sylt.|
|Stern und Hafferl Verkehr||DE||1||2017||Locomotive 247 905 was previously used by Siemens for tests and presentation.|
|ENON GmbH||AC||1||2017||For use in Austria and Germany.|
|Adria Transport||MS||1||2018||Locomotive 193 822.|
|DMV Cargo Rail||AC||2||2018||Locomotives 192 961 and 193 972.|
|Industrial Division||MS||1||2018||For use in Poland, Germany, Austria, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Romania and Hungary.|
|Danish State Railways (DSB)||MS||26||2018||For use in Denmark (from 2021) and eventually Denmark-Germany cross border services. Option for further 18.|
|MRCE||15 kV AC/MS||25||2018||20 MS locomotives, 5 AC locomotives|
|Srbija Kargo||MS||16||2018||For use in Serbia, Croatia, Hungary, Austria and Germany|
|LocoItalia||DC||4||2018||Option for 15 more|
|EP Cargo||MS||3||2018||Option for seven more|
|Deutsche Bahn||MS||100 (up to)||2019||40 locomotives ordered with signing of framework agreement.|
- Amtrak Cities Sprinter, Siemens' electric locomotive deriving from Eurosprinter and Vectron designs
- Siemens Charger, Siemens' diesel locomotive based on the ACS-64 and Vectron
- Vectron : A universal locomotive for the European market www.siemens.com
- "The Vectron – Siemens' new generation of locomotives for rail transportation in Europe" (PDF) (Press release). www.siemens.com. 29 June 2010.
- "Siemens Vectron locomotive on test". Railway Gazette International. 29 June 2010.
- "Vectron – Siemens' universal locomotive for rail transportation in Europe" (PDF) (Press release). www.siemens.com. 29 June 2010.
- Background paper - Vectron: extended locomotive concept (PDF), Siemens, September 2012
- "Siemens unveils diesel surprise", www.railwaygazette.com, 23 September 2010
- "Siemens Vectron revealed". www.railcolor.net. 29 June 2010.
- Schramke, Ellen; Rommel, Anne, eds. (22 June 2012), "Vectron: first unlimited homologation" (PDF), Rail Systems News, Siemens
- "Lokomotywa Vectron otrzymała polski certyfikat", logistyka.wnp.pl (in Polish), 17 September 2012
- "Vectron: First locomotive platform in Europe to receive TSI Highspeed certification", www.europeanrailwayreview.com, Siemens, 17 September 2012
- "Vectron receives homologation for Germany", www.transportweekly.com, 7 January 2013
- Siemens Vectron tested in the Channel Tunnel, Railway Gazette, 28 January 2013
- "Vectron receives homologation for Austria", www.europeanrailwayreview.com, 11 March 2013
- Siemens (7 May 2013), "Vectron receives homologation for Sweden", www.europeanrailwayreview.com
- Siemens (5 December 2013), "Vectron receives authorization for Hungary", www.europeanrailwayreview.com
- "Vectron meets all applicable European requirements for approval", www.europeanrailwayreview.com, 30 January 2014
- "Vectron AC certified in Norway (Ref. No. SOICRL201414-01)", www.siemens.com (press release), 2 July 2014
- Siemens Vectron is Now Registered in Turkey: E87000, 12. Dezember 2014
- Vectron MS Approved For Czech Test Operation, 10. November 2014
- Vectron MS Locomotives In The Czech Republic, 18. November 2014
- Also Vectron DC locomotives get preliminary CZ approval, 20. November 2014
- Full approval for both Vectron AC and MS, www.railcolor.net, 26 March 2015
- Vectron locomotive receives authorization for Slovakia, www.siemens.com, 12 May 2015
- Vectron DC officially homologated for Italy, www.railcolor.net, 13 July 2015
- Vectron MS fully approved for Poland, www.railcolor.net, 07 August 2015
- Siemens Vectron homologated for Slovenia and Croatia, www.railcolor.net, 29 September 2015
- Italy authorizes Vectron MS; MRCE hands over first unit to TX Logistik, www.railcolor.net, 14 February 2017
- "Munich-Allach plant wins order for 500th electric Vectron locomotive" (Press release). www.siemens.com. 26 June 2017.
- Vectron MS certified for the Netherlands, www.siemens.com, 4 October 2017
- Vectron DE receives authorization for Germany and TSI certificate, www.siemens.com, 24 September 2014
- "Siemens wins first Vectron order". Railway Gazette International. 23 December 2010.
- Market entry: Siemens sells two Vectron locomotives to Italy for the first time (PDF), Siemens, 20 March 2012
- "DB Schenker orders 23 locomotives from Siemens", www.transportweekly.com, 5 December 2012
- Siemens (20 December 2012), "Siemens hands over two Vectron locomotives to DB Schenker Rail Polska", www.europeanrailwayreview.com
- Rynek Kolejowy (9 February 2015), "PKP Intercity wynajęło Vectrony DB Schenker", www.rynek-kolejowy.pl
- Siemens (4 June 2013), "MRCE orders 15 Vectron locomotives", www.europeanrailwayreview.com
- Siemens (12 August 2013), "Four Vectron locomotives for boxXpress", www.europeanrailwayreview.com
- "Entering the Austrian market: CargoServ orders Vectron locomotive", www.transportweekly.com, 12 September 2013
- Siemens (17 October 2013), "Paribus Capital orders Vectron AC", www.europeanrailwayreview.com
- Barrow, Keith (20 December 2013), "VR Group orders 80 Vectron locomotives", www.railjournal.com
- VR valitsi veturitoimittajaksi Siemensine (in Finnish), Siemens, 20 December 2013
- "VR orders Siemens Vectron locomotives", www.railwaygazette.com, 20 December 2013
- "Broad gauge Vectron arrives in Finland", www.railwaygazette.com, 9 April 2015
- "VR:n uudet veturit tekevät odottamattomia hätäjarrutuksia – elinkeinoministeri Lintilä: Siemensin pitää laittaa kalusto kuntoon" (in Finnish). 2019-01-08. Retrieved 2019-01-10.
- "CFI BESTELLT ZWEI VECTRON-LOKS MIT RANGIERMODUL", werkstattatlas.info (in German)
- D'Albero, Andrea (11 February 2014), "Siemens Vectron a CFI", www.ferrovie.info (in Italian)
- Chassany, Anne-Sylvaine; Odell, Mark (31 March 2013), "KKR backs European train leasing start-up", www.ft.com
- "European Locomotive Leasing signs framework for 50 locomotives", www.railwaygazette.com, 31 March 2014
- ELL to order up to 50 Siemens Vectron locomotives (PDF) (press release), Siemens / ELL, 31 March 2014
- "mgw Serive Gmbh. & Co. KG", www.mgwservice.de (in German), retrieved 28 April 2014,
Aktuelles: 11.04.2014: Vertragsunterzeichnung für einen Siemens Vectron. Auslieferung August 2014
- "Change in Ownership at Railpool", www.railpool.eu, 9 May 2014, archived from the original on 12 May 2014, retrieved 12 May 2014,
In parallel to the acquisition of Railpool, an order for five Vectron locomotives has been placed with Siemens for delivery in the coming months.
- Barrow, Keith (17 June 2014), "MRCE orders more Vectron locomotives", www.railjournal.com
- "Four more Vectron locomotives for boxXpress.de", www.railcolor.net, 26 November 2014
- "WLC orders one Vectron locomotive", www.railcolor.net, 26 November 2014
- "BLS Cargo orders Vectron locomotives", www.railwaygazette.com, 27 March 2015
- "EGP first operator to get a Vectron AC locomotive with shunting diesel module", www.railcolor.net, 7 May 2015
- "ITL Eisenbahn setzt Siemens Vectron-Lokomotiven ein", www.captrain.de, 28 August 2015, archived from the original on 2 September 2015
- "Captrain Vectron", www.railcolor.net, retrieved 2016 Check date values in:
- "PKP Cargo orders 15 Siemens locomotives", www.railwaygazette.com, 23 Sep 2015
- "MRCE orders 21 additional Vectron locomotives", www.railcolor.net, 5 October 2015
- "Siemens supplies locomotives from stock for rapid delivery", www.railwaygazette.com, 13 Oct 2015
- "Railpool gets more Vectron locomotives", www.railcolor.net, 6 October 2015
- Siemens to supply locomotives for operation at DB Schenker Rail (press release), Siemens, 30 November 2015
- "DB Schenker Rail orders Vectrons for Italy", www.railwaygazette.com, 30 November 2015
- "EP Cargo purchases one Vectron locomotive", www.railcolor.net, 1 December 2015
- "A Vectron locomotive for Prvá Slovenská Železnicná (PSŽ)", www.railcolor.net, 22 December 2015
- Barrow, Keith (29 Jan 2016), Lokomotion orders Siemens Vectron locomotives
- "Alpha Trains raises number of Vectron locomotives on order to ten", www.railcolor.net, 4 Apr 2017
- ČD Cargo orders five Vectron locomotives (press release), Siemens, 13 Apr 2016
- "Logistics company PIMK purchases Vectron 192 962", www.railcolor.net, 27 April 2016
- Briginshaw, David (12 May 2016), Railpool orders five Vectron locomotives from Siemens
- "ELL signs Siemens Vectron framework contract", www.railwaygazette.com, 3 June 2016
- "MRCE goes back for more Vectrons", www.railwaygazette.com, 17 June 2016
- Hector Rail orders 15 locomotives from Siemens (press release), Siemens, 15 March 2017
- "mgw orders second Vectron locomotive", www.railcolor.net, 22 July 2016
- Barrow, Keith (22 Sep 2016), Siemens to supply last-mile Vectrons to Railcare
- "InfraLeuna launching customer for Vectron DE", www.railcolor.net, 2 December 2016
- "DB Cargo and the Vectron DE: another update", www.mainlinediesels.net, 15 January 2017
- 18 Vectron locomotives ordered (press release), Siemens, 30 January 2017
- ÖBB orders up to 200 locomotives from Siemens (press release), Siemens, 30 January 2017
- "GySEV orders 5 Vectron locomotives; all to be delivered in 2017", www.railcolor.net, 15 March 2017
- "GySEV orders extra Vectron locomotives", www.railcolor.net, 9 June 2017
- "Unipetrol orders Vectron locomotives", www.railwaygazette.com, 12 April 2017
- "Captrain / ITL doubles its Vectron fleet", www.railcolor.net, 29 April 2017
- ČD Cargo expands locomotive fleet for flagship freight routes, 3 May 2017
- "Hupac orders eight multisystem locomotives from Siemens" (Press release). www.siemens.com. 1 June 2017.
- "InRail orders three Vectron locomotives", www.railcolor.net, 25 July 2017
- "Siemens signs framework contract for 100 locomotives with Deutsche Bahn" (Press release). www.siemens.com. 4 August 2017.
- "MRCE orders 30 Vectron locomotives" (Press release). www.siemens.com. 14 September 2017.
- "New leasing business to supply locos to ZSSK", Railwaygazette.com, 1 November 2017
- "RDC Autozug Sylt acquires 2x Vectron DE", Mainlinediesels.net, 9 November 2017
- "Stern & Hafferl buys Siemens Vectron diesel locomotive no. 247 905", Railcolornews.com, 4 December 2017, archived from the original on 4 December 2017
- "EGP/Enon to receive a second Vectron locomotive", Railcolornews.com, 8 December 2017
- "Siemens sells 193 822 to Adria Transport", Railcolornews.com, 24 January 2018
- "Fighter 1 and Fighter 2 – two Vectron locomotives for DMV Cargo Rail", Railcolornews.com, 13 February 2018
- "Industrial Division buys one Vectron locomotive", Railcolornews.com, 27 February 2018
- "Siemens skal levere nye el-lokomotiver til DSB (Danish)", DSB.dk, 13 March 2018
- "MRCE orders 25 locomotives from Siemens" (Press release). www.siemens.com. 8 May 2018.
- "Srbija Kargo to purchase Vectron locos", Railwaygazette.com, 17 May 2018
- "Serbia Cargo doubles its Vectron order; now 16 in total", Railcolornews.com, 23 January 2019
- "Double date: LocoItalia orders 4 TRAXX and 4 Vectron locomotives", Railcolornews.com, 30 May 2018
- "EP Cargo buys a second Vectron locomotive", Railcolornews.com, 1 June 2018
- Fortieth customer for Siemens locomotive (press release), Siemens, 9 July 2018
- "ČD Cargo orders interoperable locomotives", Railwaygazette.com, 9 August 2018
- "3 more Vectron locomotives for EP Cargo", Railcolornews.com, 15 November 2018
- "DB Cargo signs 100 locomotive framework deal", Railwaygazette.com, 18 January 2019 Text " https://www.railwaygazette.com/news/freight/single-view/view/db-cargo-signs-100-locomotive-framework-deal.html " ignored (help)
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