Dakshayagnam (1938 film)
|Directed by||Raja Chandrasekhar|
|Produced by||Metropolitan Pictures|
|Written by||Raja Chandrasekhar|
|31 March 1938|
Dakshayagnam (English: (lit.) The fire sacrifice of Daksha) is a 1938 Tamil film directed by Raja Chandrasekhar. It starred V. A. Chellappa, N. S. Krishnan, T. A. Mathuram in the main roles. M. G. Ramachandran played a minor role in the film as Lord Vishnu. The film was the first talkie version based on Dakshayagnam, the story of Daksha. The plot of the movie was based on the story of Daksha.
Sati, the daughter of Daksha, a descendant of Lord Brahma, marries Lord Shiva (V. A. Chellappa) against the wish of her father. This annoys the king (Daksha) and he performs a yagna (to insult Shiva), where he invites all gods except his son-in-law (Lord Shiva). Sati attends this sacrifice against the wishes of Shiva and is insulted by her father. Unable to bear this, Sati kills herself by burning in the fire.
Shiva destroys Daksha's sacrifice through Veerabhadra, cuts off Daksha's head and replaces it with that of a goat, and restores his life. Later he picks up the remain of Sati's body and performs "Rudra Thandavam", a dance that will lead to the destruction of Universe, but the other gods intervene, and the Disc of Vishnu (M. G. Ramachandran) cuts through the Sati's corpse Her body parts, known as Shakthi Peetas, fall in several places on the Indian subcontinent.
The story was made multiple times into films during the silent film period and later during the Talkie period. The first film Sati Parvathi, made in 1920 as a silent film. The second film was released in 1922 as Sati, which was produced by Madan Theatres. The third film was made by G. V. Sahni. Then came the first talkie version, titled Dakshayagnam. The movie was directed by Raja Chandrasekhar. In 1941, Telugu film-maker Chithrapu Narayanamurthi made the Telugu version and in 1962 another Telugu version was made by Kadaru Nagabhushnam, husband of actress Pasupuleti Kannamba. In 1980, the movie was remade in Bengali. M. G. Ramachandran, who later became one of the leading actors and politicians in Tamil Nadu acted in a small role as Lord Vishnu. M. G. Nataraja Pillai played an important role in the film.
- V. A. Chelappa as Lord Shiva
- M. M. Radhabai
- M. G. Nataraja Pillai
- K. R. Jayalakshmi
- P. G. Venkatesan
- T. N. Chandramma
- N. S. Krishnan
- T. A. Mathuram
- M. G. Ramachandran as Lord Vishnu
- Film News Anandhan (2004). Sadanaigal padaitha thamil thiraippada varalaaru. Sivakami Publications. pp. 28–14.
- M. S. S. Pandian (1992). The image trap : M.G. Ramachandran in film and politics (1. publ. ed.). New Delhi u.a.: Sage Publ. p. 39. ISBN 0-8039-9403-6, ISBN 978-0-8039-9403-4.
- Ashish Rajadhyaksha; Paul Willemen (1999). Encyclopaedia of Indian cinema. British Film Institute. p. 129.
- "Daksha Yagnam - 1938". The Hindu. 24 September 2011. Retrieved 29 September 2011.
- Sundararaj Theodore Baskaran. The eye of the serpent: an introduction to Tamil cinema. Madras: East West Books. p. 78.