Dalmatius

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This article deals with the Caesar (335-337). For the censor Flavius Dalmatius, father of the caesar, see Flavius Dalmatius. For saints with this name, see Saint Dalmatius (disambiguation).
Dalmatius
Caesar of the Roman Empire
Delmatius RIC VII 228 - 252913.jpg
Coin of Dalmatius (nummus) - inscribed FLavius DELMATIUS NOBilissimus Caesar
Reign 18 September 335 – 337
Died 337[1]
Full name
Flavius Dalmatius
Dynasty Constantinian
Father Dalmatius the Censor

Flavius Dalmatius (died 337),[1] also known as Dalmatius Caesar (his name is often spelled Delmatius on contemporary coins), was a Caesar (335–337) of the Roman Empire, and member of the Constantinian dynasty.

Dalmatius was the nephew of Constantine I. His father, also named Flavius Dalmatius, was the half-brother of Constantine and served as censor. Dalmatius and his brother Hannibalianus were educated at Tolosa (Toulouse) by rhetor Exuperius.

Division of the Roman Empire among the Caesars appointed by Constantine I: from west to east, the territories of Constantine II, Constans I, Dalmatius and Constantius II. After the death of Constantine I (May 337), this was the formal division of the Empire, until Dalmatius was killed and his territory divided between Constans and Constantius.

On 18 September 335, he was raised to the rank of Caesar, with the control of Thracia, Achaea and Macedonia. Dalmatius died in late summer 337, killed by his own soldiers. It is possible that his death was related to the purge that hit the imperial family at the death of Constantine, and organized by Constantius II with the aim of removing any possible claimant to imperial power other than the sons of the late emperor.

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References
  1. ^ a b Potter, David. (2008) Emperors of Rome: Imperial Rome from Julius Caesar to the last emperor. London: Quercus, p. 195. ISBN 9781847245526
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