The Greenhouse Rove Beetle (Dalotia coriaria) is a species of staphylinid rove beetle in the subfamily Aleocharinae. It is used as a predatory biological control agent for the management of pest insects.
Dalotia coriaria (Kraatz, 1856) is a commercially available species, sold by several Integrated Pest Management companies in the USA and Europe. The beetles are employed as a biological control agent of glasshouse pests. Both adults and larvae prey upon larvae of fungus gnats (Bradysia spp.), and adult beetles also target shore flies (Scatella spp.) and thrips. The species was discovered feeding on a laboratory culture of fungus gnats, stimulating a study into its efficacy as a biological control agent.
Use as a model organism
Like many Aleocharinae, Dalotia coriaria has a complex taxonomic history. Initially described a member of Homalota, many authors placed it in the large genus Atheta, before its current placement in Dalotia.
- Echegaray, E. R.; Cloyd, R. A. 2013: Life History Characteristics of the Rove Beetle, Dalotia coriaria (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae) under Laboratory Conditions. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 86(2): :145-154. doi:10.2317/JKES120927.1
- Carney, V. A.; Diamond, J. C.; Murphy, G. D.; Marshall, D. 2002: The Potential of Atheta coriaria Kraatz (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae), as a Biological Control Agent for Use in Greenhouse Crops. IOBC/WPRS Bull, 139: 37-40.
- Davis, S.; Eldredge, K. T.; Parker, J. 2013: Development of the adult abdominal defensive gland in Atheta coriaria Kraatz: a key innovation for ecological and biological success (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae). Entomological Society of America meeting abstract link
- Kraatz, G. (1856): Naturgeschichte der Insecten Deutschlands. Erste Abteilung. Coleoptera. Bd. 2. Lief. 1–2. Verlag der Nicolaischen Buchhandlung, Berlin, pp. 1–376.
- Gusarov, V. (2003): Revision of some types of North American aleocharines (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae), with synonymic notes. Zootaxa 353 pp. 1–134.