|Birth name||Daniel Sains|
|Also known as||Dan Sain|
September 22, 1896 (uncertain)|
Hernando, Mississippi, United States
|Died||February 18, 1956
(aged 59) (uncertain)|
Memphis, Tennessee, United States
|Genres||Country blues, Memphis blues|
|Associated acts||Frank Stokes|
Dan Sane (possibly September 22, 1896 – February 18, 1956) was an American Memphis blues and country blues guitarist and songwriter. He was an associate of Frank Stokes. According to the Allmusic journalist Jason Ankeny, "they had emerged among the most complementary duos in all of the blues, with Sane's flatpicking ideally embellished by Stokes' fluid rhythms." The best-known of the songs written by Sane are "Downtown Blues" and "Mr. Crump Don't Like It." His surname was sometimes spelled "Sain".
Sane was born Daniel Sains, in Hernando, Mississippi. There is uncertainty over his date of birth; most sources state September 22, 1896, but researchers Bob Eagle and Eric LeBlanc suggest October 23, 1892, or perhaps 1890. Some sources cite 1904 as his birth year and Michigan [sic], Mississippi, as his birth place.
He moved to Memphis, Tennessee, and played in Will Batts's string band, before meeting the guitar player Frank Stokes. Sane and Stokes busked together around Memphis's Beale Street on weekends. During the 1920s the pair performed on Beale Street as a duo, billed as the Beale Street Sheiks, and played in white venues, including country clubs, parties and dances, as members of Jack Kelly's Jug Busters. Their first recording was made for Paramount Records in August 1927, as the Beale Street Sheiks. A National Park Service tourist guide to the blues heritage of the Mississippi Delta says, "The fluid guitar interplay between Stokes and Sane, combined with a propulsive beat, witty lyrics, and Stokes's stentorian voice, make their recordings irresistible."
They moved to Victor Records in 1928. Their recordings were released under Stokes's name. They recorded a two-part version of "Tain't Nobody's Business if I Do", a song well known in later versions by Bessie Smith and Jimmy Witherspoon, but whose origin lies in the pre-blues era. A locally popular song was "Mr. Crump Don't Like It," whose lyrics referred to Memphis mayor E. H. Crump and his campaign to clean up Memphis's less salubrious areas. That song may have been based on an earlier song on the same topic by W. C. Handy. The Sheiks also continued to busk on the streets and play at parties.
In 1929, Stokes and Sane recorded again for Paramount, resuming their billing as the Beale Street Sheiks for a few cuts. These 1929 sides were their last together, although they continued an intermittent performing partnership until Sane's retirement from music in 1952.
According to most sources, Sane died in Memphis in February 1956, aged 59, but Eagle and LeBlanc state that he died in Osceola, Arkansas on June 27, 1965. His grandson was saxophonist Oliver Sain.
- Ankeny, Jason. "Dan Sane". Allmusic. Retrieved October 28, 2010.
- Charters, Samuel Barclay (1977). Sweet as the Showers of Rain. Indiana University: Oak Publications. p. 60. ISBN 0-8256-0178-9.
- Eagle, Bob; LeBlanc, Eric S. (2013). Blues - A Regional Experience. Santa Barbara: Praeger Publishers. p. 214. ISBN 978-0313344237.
- Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues: From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books Limited. p. 169. ISBN 1-85868-255-X.
- Herzhaft, Gérard (1997). Encyclopedia of the Blues (2nd ed.). Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press. p. 134. ISBN 1-55728-452-0.
- "Trail of the Hellhound: Frank Stokes" Archived February 10, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. , U.S. National Park Service, Mississippi Delta Region, April 30, 2001. Accessed October 28, 2010.
- "Frank Stokes: The Victor Recordings 1928–1929, Document Records Vintage Blues and Jazz". Document-records.com. Retrieved 2014-01-26.
- Dowdy, G. Wayne (2006). Mayor Crump Don't Like It: Machine Politics in Memphis. University Press of Mississippi. p. 102. ISBN 1-57806-859-2.
- "Where Dead Voices Gather: Life at 78 RPM: "Cold Iron Bed" – Jack Kelly & His South Memphis Jug Band". Theanthologyofamericanfolkmusic.blogspot.com. 2010-09-13. Retrieved 2014-01-26.
- Eder, Bruce (2005-01-25). "The Best of Frank Stokes: Frank Stokes | Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 2014-01-26.