Daniel Harris (Oxford)

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Daniel Harris
Born about 1761
Died June 1840
Oxford, England
Nationality British
Occupation Architect
Buildings Braziers Park House, Ipsden,
Wyaston House, Oxford
Projects Oxford Prison enlargement, Thames locks at Osney, Godstow, Pinkhill and Sandford-on-Thames, Oxford Canal wharves at Worcester Street & New Road, Abingdon Prison.

Daniel Harris was a builder, prison governor, civil engineer, and architect, who lived and practised in Oxford, England.

Family[edit]

Harris's birthplace is obscure but he was born about 1761, as the entry in St-Peter-le-Bailey's register for his death in 1840 records his age as 79.[1] He married Elizabeth Tomkins of Oxford in 1789, and they had four daughters between 1791 and 1801.[2] Harris died at his home in New Road, Oxford in June 1840.[2]

Career[edit]

Harris came to Oxford as a journeyman carpenter[3] and rose to become Governor of Oxford Castle and Prison from 1786[2] until 1809. He developed a contracting business with convict labour, supplemented by hiring wage-earning tradesmen.[4]

Harris became involved in waterway engineering, starting by being the contractor to extend the Oxford Canal in Oxford from Hayfield Road to Worcester Street and build the Worcester Street wharves 1788–89. He built four pound locks to replace flash locks, the first being Osney Lock for the Thames Navigation Commission in 1790. In central Oxford the Oxford Canal and the River Thames were originally linked by a flash lock at Hythe Bridge.[5] In 1795–97, Harris replaced it with Isis Lock, a broad lock to allow Thames barges in and out of the Oxford Canal Company's Worcester Street wharves. None of Harris's pound locks survives in the form in which he built them. The Oxford Canal rebuilt Isis Lock as a narrow lock in 1844,[5] and all of his Thames locks have been either rebuilt or replaced.

From 1812 until 1837, Harris worked in partnership with the architect John Plowman.[6]

Work[edit]

Braziers Park House, Ipsden, which Harris re-fronted in 1799

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Colvin, 1997, page 484
  2. ^ a b c Davies & Robinson, 2003, page 77
  3. ^ Thacker, 1920 cited in Davies & Robinson, 2003, page 76
  4. ^ Davies & Robinson, 2003, pages 55–56
  5. ^ a b c Davies & Robinson, 2003, page 43
  6. ^ Davies & Robinson, 2003, page 52
  7. ^ Davies & Robinson, 2003, page 55
  8. ^ Davies & Robinson, 2003, page 76
  9. ^ Davies & Robinson, 2003, page 94
  10. ^ Davies & Robinson, 2003, page 56
  11. ^ Thacker, page 135
  12. ^ Davies & Robinson, 2003, pages 62, 76
  13. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 663
  14. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 432
  15. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 800
  16. ^ Pevsner, 1966, page 57
  17. ^ Sherwood & Pevsner, 1974, page 790

Sources[edit]