Danish Artillery Regiment
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|Danish Artillery Regiment|
Coat of arms
|Active||1 November 2005 – 28 February 2014|
1 January 2019 – present
|Branch||Royal Danish Army|
|Part of||Hærens Operative Kommando|
|Garrison/HQ||Varde Kaserne, Varde (-2014)|
Oksbøl Kaserne (2019-)
|Motto(s)||Officium Et Supra (Duty and a bit more)|
|Anniversaries||Feast Day December 4|
|Engagements||Battle of Nybøl (28 May 1848)|
The Danish Artillery Regiment (DAR, Danish: Danske Artilleriregiment) is an artillery unit of the Royal Danish Army, which was founded on 1 November 2005 when the two artillery regiments in Denmark, Kongens Artilleriregiment and Dronningens Artilleriregiment were merged. The unit was disbanded in 2014 and revived in 2019.
It was created administratively 1 August 2005 by merging the Kongens Artilleriregiment and the Dronningens Artilleriregiment, with the official day creation as 1 November 2005. Danish Artillery Regiment (DAR) is Denmark's only remaining artillery regiment. The regiment was garrisoned in Varde and an artillery unit stationed in Oksbøl camp. From 2019, the revived regiment is stationed at Oksbøl Kaserne.
The regiment traces its history back to 1684 when The Royal Artillery Corps was established in Copenhagen. In 1803 the Artillery Corps divided into three brigades; referred to as "Danish Artillery Brigade", "Holstein Artillery Brigade" and "Norwegian Artillery Brigade". The latter was dissolved in 1814 with the loss of Norway. In 1842 the brigades changed to 1st Artillery Regiment (Danish) and 2nd Artillery Regiment (Holstein), respectively, but was overall called "The Royal Artillery Brigade". In connection with the Second Schleswig War between Denmark and Prussia, the second Artillery Regiment (Holstein) was dissolved, in March 1848, when the regiment joined the rebels.
Following Hærloven of 1867, the Second Artillery Regiment was restored by taking 7th-9th Battery and 12. Reinforcement Battery and 2. Train Department from 1st Artillery Regiment.
In 1895 Fæstningsartilleriregimentet was established, which was responsible for Copenhagen fortress artillery. This regiment was disbanded in 1920 when the Danish government admitted that there was no need for a permanent fortification around the capital. In 1909 Kystartilleriregimentet was created.
In 1932, the responsibility for coastal artillery moved from the Army to the Navy, and thus abolished Coastal artillery as an artillery unit.
In 1951, the artillery was organized as follows:
- 1st Field Artillery Regiment (Crown Artillery Regiment) in Sjælsmark
- 2nd Field Artillery Regiment (Zealand Artillery Regiment) in Holbæk
- 3rd Field Artillery Regiment (Nørrejyske Artillery Regiment) in Aarhus
- 4th Field Artillery Regiment (Sønderjyske Artillery Regiment) in Varde
- Zealand Air Defence Regiment in Copenhagen
- Jyske Air Defence Regiment in Aalborg
- 12th Artillery Division on Bornholm
- Artillery Shooting School in Copenhagen (Artillery School)
- Artillery Commander School in Ringsted.
Amalgamation of Danish artillery regiments
In 1970 the Crown Artillery Regiment and the Zealand Air Defence Regiment merged, continuing as the Crown Artillery Regiment. In 1974 Nørrejyske Artillery Regiment and Jyske Air Defence Regiment merged, continuing as the Nørrejyske Artillery Regiment.
In 1982 the Crown Artillery Regiment and the Zealand Artillery Regiment was merged and reformed into the King's Artillery Regiment. In 2000 Nørrejyske Artillery Regiment and Sønderjyske Artillery Regiment was merged and reformed into the Queen Artillery Regiment. Finally, the two remaining artillery regiments amalgamated d. August 1, 2005 to the Danish Artillery Regiment, and thus all artillery was again in one unit.
In 2014, as part of the Danish Defence Agreement 2013-2017, DAR was disbanded and reformed into Army Combat and Fire Support Center and 1st Danish Artillery Battalion (1DAA), with the later set to carry on the traditions and history of DAR.
- "Nye myndigheder, nye baretmærker og farver". Forsvaret.dk (in Danish). Archived from the original on 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2015-05-27.
- "Oprustning af Forsvaret fejret: Dronningen gav fanen tilbage til danske soldater". dr.dk (in Danish).