Dannevirke

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Dannevirke
Tāmaki-nui-a-Rua (Māori)
Dannevirke High Street in May 2016
Dannevirke High Street in May 2016
Coordinates: 40°12′22″S 176°05′58″E / 40.20611°S 176.09944°E / -40.20611; 176.09944Coordinates: 40°12′22″S 176°05′58″E / 40.20611°S 176.09944°E / -40.20611; 176.09944
CountryNew Zealand
RegionManawatū-Whanganui
Territorial authorityTararua District
WardNorth Tararua Ward
Area
 • Total4.74 km2 (1.83 sq mi)
Population
 (June 2021)[2]
 • Total5,700
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Postcode(s)
4930
Gordon Street

Dannevirke (lit. "work of the Danes", a reference to Danevirke; Māori: Taniwaka or Tamaki Nui a Rua, the area where the town is), is a rural service town in the Manawatū-Whanganui region of the North Island, New Zealand. It is the major town of the administrative of the Tararua District, the easternmost of the districts of which the Horizons Regional Council has responsibilities.

The surrounding area, a catchment and source of the Manawatu River (approximately 20 Min drive north of town) has developed into dairy, beef cattle and sheep farming, which now provides the major income for the town's population of 5,700.

History[edit]

Before European settlers arrived in the 1870s, the line of descent for Maori in the area was from the Kurahaupō waka. The tribe of the area is Rangitāne, with geographic distinction to Te Rangiwhakaewa in the immediate Dannevirke region. The first known 'Aotea' meeting house was established approximately 15 generations ago (from 2010) followed by the building of a marae at Makirikiri near Dannevirke at about the same time as the first Nordic settlers arrived from Napier and Hawkes Bay.[citation needed]

The town was founded on 15 October 1872 by Danish, Norwegian and Swedish settlers, adherents of Scandinavism, who arrived at the port of Napier and moved inland. The settlers, who arrived under the Public Works Act, built their initial settlement in a clearing of the Seventy Mile Bush.[3]

The Dannevirke after which the town was named is an extensive Viking Age fortification line in Denmark which had a strong emotive symbolic role for 19th-century Danes, especially after the site had fallen into German hands in the German-Danish War of 1864 - a recent and very painful event for these settlers. The settlement quickly earned the nickname of "sleeper town", as the town's purpose was to provide tōtara sleepers for the Napier - Wellington railway line. At one stage the area had 50 operating sawmills. After the native bush was cleared, the land was turned into pasture for grazing animals.[4]

On 27 October 1917, much of the town's business district was destroyed by fire. The fire had started in the Andrew's Hotel on the corner of High and Station Streets at about 2pm. Flames blew across the road engulfing the Dannevirke Co-operative Association's store. As the fire spread through adjoining shops another hotel, the Masonic was engulfed. By about 5pm the Dannevirke and Woodville Fire Brigades, along with assistance from the local community had brought the fires under control. In total 27 business premises and 2 hotels were destroyed with damage estimated at £200,000.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
20065,559—    
20135,079−1.28%
20185,508+1.63%
Source: [6]

Dannevirke, comprising the statistical areas of Dannevirke West and Dannevirke East, covers 4.74 km2 (1.83 sq mi).[1] It had a population of 5,508 at the 2018 New Zealand census, an increase of 429 people (8.4%) since the 2013 census, and a decrease of 51 people (-0.9%) since the 2006 census. There were 2,178 households. There were 2,613 males and 2,892 females, giving a sex ratio of 0.9 males per female, with 1,137 people (20.6%) aged under 15 years, 978 (17.8%) aged 15 to 29, 2,166 (39.3%) aged 30 to 64, and 1,233 (22.4%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 75.2% New Zealand European/Pākehā, 33.1% Māori, 2.3% Pacific peoples, 3.9% Asian, and 1.0% other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities).

The proportion of people born overseas was 8.5%, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people objected to giving their religion, 46.8% had no religion, 37.1% were Christian, 0.4% were Hindu, 0.6% were Muslim, 0.4% were Buddhist and 7.1% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 330 (7.5%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 1,380 (31.6%) people had no formal qualifications. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 1,743 (39.9%) people were employed full-time, 666 (15.2%) were part-time, and 204 (4.7%) were unemployed.[6]

Individual statistical areas
Name Population Households Median age Median income
Dannevirke West 2,148 885 45.2 years $24,900[7]
Dannevirke East 3,360 1,293 40.6 years $22,700[8]
New Zealand 37.4 years $31,800

Papatawa statistical area[edit]

Historical populations for Papatawa
YearPop.±% p.a.
20061,293—    
20131,326+0.36%
20181,302−0.36%
Source: [9]

The Papatawa statistical area covers 230.09 km2 (88.84 sq mi)[1] to the west of Dannevirke, but does not include Papatawa. It had a population of 1,302 at the 2018 New Zealand census, a decrease of 24 people (-1.8%) since the 2013 census, and an increase of 9 people (0.7%) since the 2006 census. There were 486 households. There were 669 males and 633 females, giving a sex ratio of 1.06 males per female. The median age was 43.8 years (compared with 37.4 years nationally), with 279 people (21.4%) aged under 15 years, 183 (14.1%) aged 15 to 29, 624 (47.9%) aged 30 to 64, and 222 (17.1%) aged 65 or older.

Ethnicities were 85.9% New Zealand European/Pākehā, 22.6% Māori, 0.9% Pacific peoples, 2.1% Asian, and 0.9% other ethnicities (totals add to more than 100% since people could identify with multiple ethnicities).

The proportion of people born overseas was 8.8%, compared with 27.1% nationally.

Although some people objected to giving their religion, 45.6% had no religion, 44.0% were Christian, 0.2% were Hindu, 0.2% were Buddhist and 3.9% had other religions.

Of those at least 15 years old, 117 (11.4%) people had a bachelor or higher degree, and 255 (24.9%) people had no formal qualifications. The median income was $36,600, compared with $31,800 nationally. The employment status of those at least 15 was that 573 (56.0%) people were employed full-time, 168 (16.4%) were part-time, and 18 (1.8%) were unemployed.[9]

Culture[edit]

Dannevirke has three marae (tribal meeting grounds) of the Rangitāne tribe and its hapū (sub-tribes); each marae has a wharenui (meeting house). Kaitoki Mare is affiliated with the Ngāti Pakapaka and Ngāti Te Rangiwhakaewa hapū, and includes the Kaitoki Memorial Hall. Mākirikiri is affiliated with Ngāti Mutuahi and Ngāti Te Rangiwhakaewa hapū, and includes the Aotea Tuatoru wharenui. Whiti te Rā marae, also known as Poherau marae and is of Ngati Kahungunu iwi, is affiliated with Ngāti Ihaka Rautahi te hapu, and includes Whiti te Rā wharenui.[10][11]

Totara College hosts the Dannevirke Garden and Craft Expo, an annual event that has grown to a considerable size.

Sport[edit]

Dannevirke has produced a number of sports men and women in a number of different disciplines, among them rugby player John Timu, who made New Zealand teams in both union and league. Ewen Chatfield, who was an important member of the successful New Zealand cricket team of the 1980s Hadlee-Coney-Crowe era, is from Dannevirke, as is former All Black Duncan Hales, who now resides in the United States.

Other Dannevirke All Blacks were Colin Loader (1950s), Blair Furlong (1970 to South Africa), Lui Paewai who is widely acknowledged as the youngest All Black in history at just 17 years old (1924 Invincibles) and whose brother, nephews and grand-nephews (Doc, Hepa, Nathan and Murdoch respectively) went on to have good careers for Hawkes Bay and the New Zealand Maori side, and Roy White (post-war All Black in 1946 and 1947). Other All Blacks who spent time in Dannevirke included 1981 All Black tourist to Romania and France Wayne Neville, who attended Dannevirke High School, and John Ashworth, who moved from Canterbury to a farm near Dannevirke late in his career.

The Dannevirke Sports Club and Aotea Sports Club are the major outlets for sport in the town with netball, cricket and soccer teams as well as a rugby team that compete in the Premier Manawatu Senior Competition and the Hawke's Bay 1st Division.

Climate[edit]

Dannevirke has an Oceanic climate, (Köppen:Cfb).[12] Due its high altitude the summer temperatures are often cooler compared to other Eastern North Island towns, such as Masterton, Napier and Gisborne, while in winter Dannevirke can regularly experience frosts as in other parts of New Zealand. Snow is rare, the latest snow to hit Dannevirke was 15 August 2011.[13]

Climate data for Dannevirke, New Zealand
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 22.3
(72.1)
22.6
(72.7)
20.9
(69.6)
17.7
(63.9)
14.3
(57.7)
11.9
(53.4)
11.3
(52.3)
12.3
(54.1)
14.2
(57.6)
16.5
(61.7)
18.5
(65.3)
20.6
(69.1)
16.9
(62.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 17.3
(63.1)
17.2
(63.0)
15.8
(60.4)
13.0
(55.4)
10.2
(50.4)
8.0
(46.4)
7.5
(45.5)
8.3
(46.9)
10.1
(50.2)
12.1
(53.8)
13.8
(56.8)
15.8
(60.4)
12.4
(54.3)
Average low °C (°F) 12.2
(54.0)
11.9
(53.4)
10.8
(51.4)
8.3
(46.9)
6.0
(42.8)
4.1
(39.4)
3.6
(38.5)
4.3
(39.7)
6.1
(43.0)
7.6
(45.7)
9.1
(48.4)
11.0
(51.8)
7.9
(46.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 69.5
(2.74)
63.7
(2.51)
90.4
(3.56)
82.9
(3.26)
91.6
(3.61)
96.9
(3.81)
115.5
(4.55)
94.8
(3.73)
90.1
(3.55)
85.3
(3.36)
74.1
(2.92)
102.6
(4.04)
1,057.1
(41.62)
Source: climate-charts.com[14]

Schools[edit]

Totara College

Dannevirke High School is the town's co-educational state primary school,[15][16] with a roll of 427 as of March 2022.[17]

Dannevirke has three co-educational state primary schools: Dannevirke South School,[18][19] with a roll of 258,[20] Huia Range School,[21][22] with a roll of 263,[23] and Ruahine School,[24][25] with a roll of .[26]

St Joseph's School is a co-educational state Catholic primary school,[27] with a roll of 144.[28]

Te Kura Kaupapa Māori o Tamaki Nui A Rua is a co-educational Year 1-13 Māori language immersion school,[29] with a roll of 77.[30]

Totara College of Accelerated Learning is a co-educational state-integrated Year 1-13 school,[31] with a roll of 65.[32]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "ArcGIS Web Application". statsnz.maps.arcgis.com. Retrieved 30 April 2021.
  2. ^ "Subnational population estimates (RC, SA2), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996-2021 (2021 boundaries)". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 22 October 2021. (regional councils); "Subnational population estimates (TA, SA2), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996-2021 (2021 boundaries)". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 22 October 2021. (territorial authorities); "Subnational population estimates (urban rural), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996-2021 (2021 boundaries)". Statistics New Zealand. Retrieved 22 October 2021. (urban areas)
  3. ^ "Kingdom of Denmark Bilateral Relations". New Zealand Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Archived from the original on 6 July 2007. Retrieved 7 December 2009. There is a small Danish community in this country, descended from a group of early settlers who came out to clear thick North Island bush in the middle years of last century and stayed on to found settlements like Dannevirke and Norsewood. In fact, a former Prime Minister and high-ranking churchman from Denmark, Bishop Ditlev Gothard Monrad, established a community in Longburn, Manawatu and set up the first dairy plant in the region. He returned to Denmark after three years, but members of his family stayed behind, as well as a substantial art collection now held by Te Papa.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  4. ^ "Dannevirke Borough Sixtieth Anniversary 1892-1952". knowledgebank.org.nz. Retrieved 22 September 2021.
  5. ^ Disastrous fire at Dannevirke, Dominion| volume=11| issue=24, 23 October 1917, page 6.
  6. ^ a b "Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census". Statistics New Zealand. March 2020. Dannevirke West (233200) and Dannevirke East (233300).
  7. ^ 2018 Census place summary: Dannevirke West
  8. ^ 2018 Census place summary: Dannevirke East
  9. ^ a b "Statistical area 1 dataset for 2018 Census". Statistics New Zealand. March 2020. Papatawa (232900). 2018 Census place summary: Papatawa
  10. ^ "Te Kāhui Māngai directory". tkm.govt.nz. Te Puni Kōkiri.
  11. ^ "Māori Maps". maorimaps.com. Te Potiki National Trust.
  12. ^ Zealand/Dannevirke, New Zealand[permanent dead link]
  13. ^ "More snowfalls predicted overnight in Hawke's Bay".
  14. ^ "Dannevirke, New Zealand". climate-charts.org. Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  15. ^ "Dannevirke High School Official School Website". dannevirkehigh.school.nz.
  16. ^ "Dannevirke High School Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  17. ^ "Dannevirke High School Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  18. ^ "Dannevirke South School Official School Website". dannevirkesouth.school.nz.
  19. ^ "Dannevirke South School Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  20. ^ "Dannevirke South School Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  21. ^ "Huia Range School Official School Website". huiarange.school.nz.
  22. ^ "Huia Range School Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  23. ^ "Huia Range School Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  24. ^ "Ruahine School Official School Website". ruahine.school.nz.
  25. ^ "Ruahine School Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  26. ^ "Ruahine School Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  27. ^ "St Joseph's School Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  28. ^ "St Joseph's School Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  29. ^ "Te Kura Kaupapa Māori o Tamaki Nui A Rua Ministry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  30. ^ "Te Kura Kaupapa Māori o Tamaki Nui A Rua Education Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  31. ^ "Totara College of Accelerated LearningMinistry of Education School Profile". educationcounts.govt.nz. Ministry of Education.
  32. ^ "Totara College of Accelerated LearningEducation Review Office Report". ero.govt.nz. Education Review Office.
  33. ^ "Space scientist Sir Ian Axford dies". Radio New Zealand. 17 March 2010. Retrieved 14 February 2017.
  34. ^ "1st Lt Victor F. Bleasdale USMC". Archived from the original on 22 February 2012. Retrieved 13 June 2012.
  35. ^ "Mediaweek - Instyles woman of style for 2016". 13 May 2016.
  36. ^ "InStyle Magazine June 2016". June 2016.
  37. ^ "McCauley, Sue". New Zealand Book Council. Retrieved 8 March 2013.
  38. ^ Easton, Brian (7 July 2008). "From Ordinary Beginnings to Extraordinary Achievements". Retrieved 12 June 2012.
  39. ^ Gustafson, Barry (1986). The First 50 Years : A History of the New Zealand National Party. Auckland: Reed Methuen. p. 339. ISBN 0-474-00177-6.
  40. ^ McGibbon, Ian. "Hans Madsen Ries - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 18 November 2012.

External links[edit]