|David John Breeze|
25 July 1944 |
|Alma mater||Durham University|
|Known for||Study and new interpretation of Hadrian's Wall and the Antonine Wall|
David John Breeze, OBE, FSA, FRSE, Hon FSA Scot, Hon MIFA (born 25 July 1944) is a British archaeologist, teacher and scholar of Hadrian's Wall, the Antonine Wall and the Roman army. He studied under Eric Birley and is a member of the so-called "Durham School" of archaeology. He was a close friend and colleague of the late Dr Brian Dobson.
Breeze was educated in Blackpool Grammar School. He attended the University of Durham, from which he was awarded his Doctor of Philosophy degree (PhD) in 1970. His thesis was titled The immunes and principles of the Roman army.
Education and Work
After working for the department of Archaeology at the University of Durham in 1968–9, Breeze was appointed an Assistant Inspector of Ancient Monuments in the Ministry of Public Building and Works, rising to be Chief Inspector of Ancient Monuments for Historic Scotland between 1989 and 2005. He is an honorary professor at the University of Durham, the University of Edinburgh, the University of Newcastle upon Tyne and the University of Stirling.
He led the team which resulted in the Antonine Wall being ascribed as a World Heritage Site in 2008, and formed part of the group which created the Frontiers of the Roman Empire World Heritage Site, of which this is the first multi-national example. He also chaired the Culture 2000 project Frontiers of the Roman Empire (2005–08). He is editing with Sonja Jilek a multi-language series of books on the frontiers of the Roman Empire. Published so far are volumes on the Roman limes in Hungary (2008), the lower Danube limes in Bulgaria (2008), Slovakia (2008), The Danube Limes: A Roman River Frontier (2009), the Antonine Wall (2009), Hadrian's Wall (2011), the Danube limes in Austria (2011), North Africa (2013) and Serbia (2017), most available on line. The report on his excavations at the Roman fort at Bearsden on the Antonine Wall was published in 2016, with a separate 'popular' account shortly afterwards.
Affiliations and other activities
Breeze has served as President of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland (1987–90), the Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne (2008–11), the Royal Archaeological Institute (2009–12) and the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society (2011–14). He was Chairman of the British Archaeological Awards from 1993 to 2009 and of the International Congress of Roman Frontier Studies from 2000 to 2015, and the Senhouse Museum Trust, Maryport from 2013. He was one of the founders of the Hadrianic Society in 1971, and remains a joint President and patron, and a regular speaker to the society. He is a corresponding member of the German Archaeological Institute.
Honours and awards
He was awarded Current Archaeology's Archaeologist of the Year award at the Archaeology Awards 2009, and the European Archaeological Heritage Prize in 2010. Breeze was presented with a Festschrift in 2009: The Army and Frontiers of Rome edited by William S. Hanson and published by the Journal of Roman Archaeology.
- Breeze, D. J. 1979, Roman Scotland, a guide to the visible remains, Newcastle upon Tyne: Frank Graham.
- Breeze, D. J. 1982, The Northern Frontiers of Roman Britain, London: Batsford.
- Breeze, D. J. 1983, 2nd ed. 2002, Roman Forts in Britain, Princes Risborough: Shire Publications.
- Breeze, D. J. 1987, 2nd ed. 2002, Hadrian's Wall, a souvenir guide to the Roman Wall, London: English Heritage.
- Breeze, D. J. 1987, A Queen's Progress, Edinburgh: Her Majesty's Stationery Office
- Breeze, D. J. 1996, second edition 2006, Roman Scotland: Frontier Country, London: Batsford.
- Breeze, D. J. 1998, Historic Scotland, 5000 Years of Scotland's Heritage, London: Batsford.
- Breeze, D. J. 2002, Historic Scotland: People and Places, Batsford, London.
- Breeze, D. J. 2006, John Collingwood Bruce's Handbook to the Roman Wall, 14th ed. Newcastle upon Tyne: Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne.
- Breeze, D. J. 2006, The Antonine Wall, Edinburgh: John Donald.
- Breeze, D. J. 2006, Hadrian's Wall, London: English Heritage.
- Breeze, D. J. 2007, Roman Frontiers in Britain, Duckworth: London.
- Breeze, D. J. 2007, Frontiers of the Roman Empire World Heritage Site Proposed Extension The Antonine Wall, 2 volumes, Edinburgh: Historic Scotland.
- Breeze, D. J. 2008, Edge of Empire, Scotland's Roman Frontier, The Antonine Wall, Edinburgh: Birlinn.
- Breeze, D. J. 2011, The Frontiers of Imperial Rome, Barnsley: Pen and Sword Books.
- Breeze, D. J. (ed) 2012, The First Souvenirs, Enamelled Vessels from Hadrian's Wall, Kendal: CWAAS.
- Breeze, D. J. 2013, Roman frontiers in their landscape settings, Newcastle: The Literary and Philosophical Society of Newcastle upon Tyne.
- Breeze, D. J. (ed) 2013 200 years, The Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne 1813-2013, Newcastle: Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle
- Breeze, D. J. (ed) 2014, The Impact of Rome on the British Countryside, London: Royal Archaeological Institute.
- Breeze, D. J. 2014, Hadrian's Wall: A History of Archaeological Thought, Kendal: CWAAS.
- Breeze, D. J. 2016, The Roman Army, London: Bloomsbury.
- Breeze, D. J. 2016, Bearsden: A Roman Fort on the Antonine Wall, Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.
- Breeze, D. J. 2016, Hadrian's Wall: Paintings by the Richardson Family, Edinburgh: John Donald.
- Breeze, D. J. 2016, Bearsden. The Story of a Roman Fort, Oxford: Archaeopress.
- Breeze, D. J. 2018, Maryport. A Roman Fort and its Community, Oxford: Archaeopress.
- Breeze, D. J., Clarke D. V. and Mackay, G. 1980, The Romans in Scotland. An introduction to the collections of the National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland, Edinburgh: National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland.
- Breeze, D. J. and Dobson, B. 1993, Roman Officers and Frontiers, Stuttgart: Franz Steiner.
- Breeze, D. J. and Dobson, B. 1st ed. 1976, 4th ed. 2000, Hadrian's Wall, London: Penguin.
- Breeze, D. J. and Bishop, M. C. (eds) 2013, The Crosby Garrett Helmet, Pewsey: The Armatura Press for Tullie House.
- Breeze, D. J. and Edwards, B. J. N. 2000, The Twelfth Pilgrimage of Hadrian's Wall, 1999, Kendal: CWAAS and SANT.
- Breeze, D. J., Fleet, C., Stevenson, J. (eds) 2011, Mapping and Antiquities in Scotland, Scottish Geographical Journal 127, number 2, June 2011.
- Breeze, D. J. and Jilek, S. (eds) 2008, Frontiers of the Roman Empire: The European Dimension of a World Heritage Site, Edinburgh: Historic Scotland.
- Breeze, D. J., Jones, R. H. and Oltean, I. A. (eds) 2015, Understanding Roman Frontiers, Celebrating Professor Bill Hanson, Edinburgh: John Donald.
- Breeze, D. J. and Munro, G. 1997, The Stone of Destiny, Symbol of Nationhood, Edinburgh: Historic Scotland.
- Breeze, D. J. and Ritchie, A. 1991, Invaders of Scotland, Edinburgh: Historic Scotland.
- Breeze, D. J. and Thiel, A. 2005, The challenge of presentation. Visible and invisible parts of the Frontiers of the Roman Empire World Heritage Site in the United Kingdom and Germany, Amsterdam: Stichting voor de Nederlandse Archeologie.
- Breeze, D. J., Thoms, L. M. and Hall, D. W (eds) 2009, First Contact, Rome and Northern Britain, Perth: Tayside and Fife Archaeological Committee.
- Breeze, D. J., Welander, R. and Clancy, T. O (eds) 2003, The Stone of Destiny, artefact and icon, Edinburgh: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland.
- Breeze, D. J. and Woolliscroft, D. J. (eds) 2009, Excavation and Survey at Roman Burgh-by-Sands, Kendal: CWAAS.
- "Author Profile - David Breeze". Shire Books. Retrieved 2013-06-15.
- Breeze, David (1969). "The immunes and principles of the Roman army". etheses.dur.ac.uk. Retrieved 7 May 2018.
- "Author Profile - David Breeze". Birlinn. Retrieved 2013-06-15.
- "Profile of David Breeze". Debrett's. Retrieved 2013-06-15.
- "Archaeology Festival 2009". Current Archaeology. 2009-12-04. Retrieved 2013-06-15.