David E. Sellers

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David E Sellers .jpg

David E. Sellers (born David Edward Sellers, September 7, 1938) is an American architect based in Vermont known for using an improvisational approach to modern architecture which eventually led to what is known as design/build.[1][2]

His work focuses on designing and building with nature, with special emphasis on custom craftsmanship and a preference for sustainability. His work in town and community planning has received national recognition for pedestrian and human-scaled settlement patterns.[3][4]

Education[edit]

Sellers received his Bachelor of Arts from Yale University in 1960. He received his Masters in Architecture at the Yale School of Architecture in 1965, studying under dean Paul Rudolph, and noted architects James Stirling, Shadrach Woods and Henning Larsen, and Robert Engman (at the Yale School of Art who was a student of Josef Albers). Also an influence was Louis Kahn who served as a design critic and professor of architecture at Yale School of Architecture from 1947 to 1957. The Yale Building Project was initiated during his graduate studies. "The design-build culture was largely initiated by two members of the class of 1965, David E. Sellers and Peter Gluck.[5] The two friends helped one another on building projects, one for Sellers' brother, and one for Gluck's parents. In 1963, Sellers and Gluck built a vacation house for Gluck's parents in Westhampton, New York. A cedar-clad house which was supported on telephone poles took two summers to build and was featured in a 1967 article in Progressive Architecture which described the young Sellers as "plunging headlong into architecture—designing, building and developing."[6]

Career[edit]

Early work[edit]

Shortly after Yale, Sellers and his friend, William Reineke purchased a piece of land near Warren, Vermont, known by the name Prickly Mountain, while Peter Gluck embarked on projects elsewhere. From these beginnings a new way of making architecture developed, resulting in structures unmoored from architectural tradition.[7] The three young architects were motivated by the idea that they could control the economics and construction of their buildings, as well as the design. At the time, Sellers was quoted as saying: "The architect is irresponsible today in thinking he has to sit in his office and wait for some client to come up and say, all right build me that. But I think the architect has got to change his whole scope if he's going to survive as an integral part of our future society. I think he's got to play the role of the entrepreneur as well."[8]

Three primary forces launched the design-build experiments at Prickly Mountain: 1) an entrepreneurial urge to create and control one's life economically; 2) a desire to build, to engage in the materiality and empirical nature of architecture with one's own body; and 3) a desire for the creative freedoms and personal expressions of the artist's life.[9]

Burlington, Vermont: Waterfront Drawing

The Tack House, The Sibley/Pyramid House, and the Bridge House were a direct result of a design-build process that resembled the making of art more than the standard methods of making buildings.

The Tack House 1966
Sibley House 1967

In architecture firms, projects are completely designed with all details in place before construction begins; final buildings are executed by a builder reading a set of instructions and therefore having no input on the design. By contrast, the houses build on Prickly Mountain were built by their designers, and they were undertaken without the preparation of finished architectural drawings. A broad, formal or structural concept executed as a simple sketch or scale model would often be the only aspect of design completed prior to construction. The process that followed was one of continual design and problem solving. It was improvisational and full of surprises; often solutions had to be figured out when the creative process got ahead of practicality.[10][11]

Sustainable design[edit]

Starting in the mid-1970s, Sellers experimented in the integration of sustainable energy and waste systems into homes by featuring various green technologies. Between 1974 and 1980 during the oil embargo, Sellers designed five residences (in Colorado, Kansas, Maine, Vermont and New Jersey) featuring passive and active solar, wood backup, super-insulation, water storage for recirculating heat, composting toilets, windmills.

Two of these experiments led to inventions that were used to start successful businesses. In 1974, he co-founded with Don Mayer, Northwind Power (now Northern Power Systems).[12] The company is now a successful developer of wind turbines.[13] In 1976 he co-founded the Vermont Iron Stove Works which created new designs in iron stoves for the domestic market.[14] In 1978, he co-founded 4 Elements Corporation with architect John Todd,[15] to develop solar aquatic waste treatment systems.

Architectural style[edit]

The Pitchern Inn; Trout Room

Sellers architectural style reflects a commitment to bringing outside materials indoors and remaining true to the natural beauty of the surroundings. For an elegant design solution, Sellers says, "Don't use rocks if you don't have rocks on your site. Use what meets the main criteria for value, which is based on perceived appropriateness for the site." By doing so, you support the local craftspeople who are familiar and adept at working with the native materials.

Fork View Lodge

In one of his designs, the Tree House, about one-third of the vertical supports are trees that were originally located on the property. The strength is preserved because they are in full shape without any cuts, usually without stain or bark removal.[16]

The Fork View Lodge
Custom Drawers.jpg

Industrial design[edit]

Sellers' interest in everyday design lead him to found a museum in 2011, the Madsonian Museum of Industrial Design, “to celebrate the great designs and encourage a civil society to understand that the future of a material world depends on permanence, and that depends on artistic infusement into everything we do”. While living through long Vermont winters covered in snow, Sellers realized a need for a sled that could maneuver through trees safely, as opposed to the existing sleds available at the time which did not have steering capabilities. He and friends developed a sled which would not sink in deep powder and was able to easily be carried up the mountains without trouble. In 1987, he created the Mad River Rocket Company[17] and began selling sleds. The company is still in operation and is run by his son, Parker Sellers.[18][19]

Community design[edit]

In the area of community design, David’s work has ranged from design strategies for new development in the medieval section of Berlin to the development of a solar power western village in wild landscape in harmony with wildlife. His Gesundheit Institute in West Virginia is a 425-acre community eco-village, with a health oriented focus.

GeundheitCrossSection

His Burlington Urban Design Study, with the support of then-mayor now U.S. Senator Bernie Sanders, is a 200-year plan for the city.

He has developed advanced concepts for “Pedestrian Villages” of the future, solar cities and, with students from Norwich University, a “Sprawl Free Vermont” on a 50-mile wide zone across the entire state along existing Amtrak lines.

Awards[edit]

  • The College of Fellows of The American Institute of Architects, inducted 2017 (Selected by the Jury to Fellowship in the Institute because of notable contributions to the advancement of the profession of architecture.)
  • AIA, Vermont, Excellence in Architecture Design Award, Citation, "The Temple of Dindor," Vermont, 2012
    The Temple of Dindor
  • AIA, Vermont, Excellence in Architecture Design Award, Honorable Mention, "The Archie Bunker," Vermont, 2010
  • AIA, Vermont, Excellence in Architecture Design Award, "Medical Clinic in El Salvador", El Salvador, 2007
  • AIA, Vermont, Excellence in Architecture Design Award, Special Mention: “Dacha” at Patch Adams' Gesundheit Hospital, West Virginia,2003
  • AIA, Vermont, Excellence in Architecture Design Award, "The Pitcher Inn," Vermont, 2002
  • AIA Medal of Excellence, 2000
  • Top 100 architects in the world, Architectural Digest, 1998
  • Top 100 architects in the world, Architectural Digest, 1992
  • Competition winner, Green Mt. Valley School Gymnasium featuring Passive Solar design
  • Competition winner, completion of St. John the Divine Cathedral of NYC: Bio-shelter
  • Competition winner, Carmenet Winery, Sonoma, CA: Earth-sheltered, tunneled-in-rock design
  • Competition winner, Spencer Crest Nature center, Corning NY. Passive Solar, Wolfeboro Inn, 50 room Inn in historic Wolfeboro, New Hampshire

References[edit]

  1. ^ Architectural Improvisation: A History of Vermont's Design/Build Movement 1964-1977, University Press of New England, 2008.
  2. ^ Sally Pollak (June 12, 2011). "Architecture 101: No permits, no parents, no clients, plenty of plywood for architect Sellers and friends". Burlington Free Press. Archived from the original on November 6, 2015. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  3. ^ Steven Morris (October 9, 2005). "The Prickly Mountain gang". The Times Argus. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  4. ^ Rosalyn Graham (May 2004). "Prickly Mountain Boy". Business People-Vermont. Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  5. ^ Hayes, Richard W. (2007). The Yale Building Project: The First 40 Years. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-12316-6.
  6. ^ [No Author], "Light and Air Houses" in Progressive Architecture, July 1967, Vol. XLVIII, No. 7, pp. 106-115.
  7. ^ Architectural Improvisation: A History of Vermont's Design/Build Movement 1964-1977, University Press of New England, 2008.
  8. ^ C. Ray Smith, "Architecture Swings Like a Pendulum Do" Progressive Architecture, May 1966, 150
  9. ^ Architectural Improvisation: A History of Vermont's Design/Build Movement 1964-1977, 11, University Press of New England, 2008.
  10. ^ Danny Sagen, interview with David Sellers, 1998, previously published in Influence across Fields, The Chicago Architectural Club Journal, 2001, Volume 10
  11. ^ Karrie Jacobs, "The Revolution That Never Quite Was," Metropolis Magazine, October 2006.
  12. ^ "Wind Power Holdings raises $45M". Mass High Tech. 23 October 2009. Retrieved 14 June 2010.
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^ http://www.vermontironstove.com/about.html
  15. ^ [2]
  16. ^ Maren Thompson Bzdek, "The Green Tree House," Natural Home, February/March 2004
  17. ^ Mad River Rocket Company
  18. ^ Lisa Rathke, "Free Sledding; Vermont's Mad River Rocket opens up a world of 'reckless fun' in winter," Bangor Daily News, December 26, 2007.
  19. ^ Parker Sellers
  20. ^ various (2011). Technical Proposal: Waterbury State Office Complex (PDF). Rood and Sellers / Bast & Rood Architects. p. 46.

External links[edit]