David Harold Eastman|
29 September 1945
|Education||Canberra Grammar School|
|Alma mater||University of Sydney|
|Known for||Suspected murder of Colin Winchester|
David Harold Eastman (born 29 September 1945) is a former public servant from Canberra, Australia. In 1995 he was convicted of the murder of Australian Federal Police Assistant Commissioner Colin Winchester and was sentenced to life imprisonment without parole. However, a 2014 judicial inquiry recommended the sentence be quashed and he should be pardoned.
On 22 August of the same year, the Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory quashed the conviction, released Eastman from prison, and ordered a retrial. Eastman sought leave to the High Court to appeal against the decision for a retrial. His appeal was unsuccessful, and a retrial commenced on 18 June 2018.
Early life and background
Eastman's father, Allan Eastman who died in 1987, worked at the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and had several overseas postings in ambassadorial roles. As a child, Eastman frequently moved house due to his father's overseas postings. Eastman has one younger sister and two older twin sisters. Eastman was very successful at Canberra Grammar School where he was dux, and he went to the University of Sydney at the age of 16. When he was 21 he started seeing a psychiatrist because he was "feeling lonely and miserable and not getting on with people".
Eastman was a Treasury official until 1977 when he retired on health grounds. He later applied for a post at the Australian Bureau of Statistics but was rejected with one reason being given that he had written letters to the press regarding economic and business matters which might be seen to prejudice the Bureau's reputation. Although the Ombudsman was not allowed to investigate internal public service matters, he agreed to investigate a case brought by Eastman because he was a member of the public at the time. Subsequently, the Ombudsman concluded there had not been discrimination against Eastman.
According to media reports from Eastman's criminal trial, Eastman became involved in a dispute with a neighbour on 17 December 1987; and Eastman was charged with assault. He led a determined campaign to convince police that he had been wrongly charged and that it was his neighbour who had been the instigator. On 16 December 1988 Eastman met with Colin Winchester, the Chief Police Officer of ACT Policing, in an attempt to review the assault charge. The meeting was brokered by Neil Brown, the shadow attorney-general, who also met with Peter McAulay, the Commissioner of the Australian Federal Police. On 21 December 1988 Winchester advised Eastman that he would need to face the assault charges in court; and an appearance date was set for 12 January 1989. Eastman was advised by letter that the AFP would not interfere with the conviction. The letter arrived at Eastman's flat on the morning of 10 January 1989.
It was alleged that Eastman had made threats against Winchester's life in the period preceding Winchester's murder.
Death of Winchester
On 10 January 1989, at about 9:15 pm, Colin Winchester was shot twice in the head with a Ruger 10/22 .22-calibre semi-automatic rifle fitted with a silencer. Winchester was murdered as he parked his police vehicle near his house in Deakin, Canberra. Winchester parked in his neighbour's driveway; his neighbour was an elderly woman who felt safer with a car parked in her driveway. Winchester is Australia's most senior police officer to have been murdered.
The day following Winchester's murder, police interviewed Eastman as a murder suspect.
After two years of investigations that included an inquest by the ACT Chief Coroner, Eastman was summonsed to appear before the Coroner, but failed to do so. A warrant for Eastman's arrest was issued on 23 December 1992 and on the same day he was arrested and charged with the murder of Winchester. Eastman was subsequently committed to a trial.
During the 85-day trial that commenced in 1995, Eastman repeatedly sacked his legal team and eventually chose to represent himself. Eastman also abused the judge during his trial, and during later legal proceedings and appeals. A report written for Eastman's murder trial stated that he previously had "six charges of threatening to kill, 128 charges of making harassing or menacing phone calls, 11 charges of assault and one of assault occasioning actual bodily harm". Also "He has been charged with assaulting police on three occasions." During the trial the Crown presented evidence that allegedly linked Eastman to the firearm used, to traces of ammunition and propellant from the silencer, and reported sightings of Eastman near the murder scene and at gun shops in Queanbeyan. Eastman was legally bugged for three and a half years; yet only a very small proportion of the recorded material was used as evidence in his trial. In evaluating the case, Flinders University academic, David Hamer, reported that:
The prosecution case at trial, while purely circumstantial, was substantial:
After a lengthy and difficult trial,:1 on 3 November 1995 a jury returned a verdict of guilty against Eastman and he was convicted for murder of Winchester. Eastman was sentenced to life imprisonment.:1
Subsequent appeals and inquiries
Subsequent to his conviction, Eastman was litigious and repeatedly appealed against his conviction. He lost an appeal in the Federal Court in 1999; and a subsequent appeal to the High Court in 2000. In 2000 and 2001, while detained in the Goulburn Correctional Centre, Eastman successfully lobbied for and was granted a judicial review of his conviction. The aim of the review was to determine if Eastman had sufficient mental capacity in order to plead in the trial for the murder of Winchester. After two years of hearings, Miles J determined that Eastman had sufficient capacity and the conviction for murder was unchanged.
Eastman tried again in 2005 on several grounds, including his fitness to stand trial, unreliable forensic evidence taken from the scene, and other doubts as to his guilt. His application was dismissed. In 2008 proceedings before the Full Bench of the Federal Court, Eastman, appearing without legal representation, sought that his initial appeal be allowed, his conviction quashed and a retrial in the Supreme Court. The matter was dismissed.
A substantial miscarriage of justice occurred in the applicant’s trial. The applicant did not receive a fair trial according to law. He was denied a fair chance of acquittal. The issue of guilt was determined on the basis of deeply flawed forensic evidence in circumstances where the applicant was denied procedural fairness in respect of a fundamental feature of the trial process concerned with disclosure by the prosecution of all relevant material. As a consequence of the substantial miscarriage of justice, the applicant has been in custody for almost 19 years. The miscarriage of justice was such that in ordinary circumstances a court of criminal appeal hearing an appeal against conviction soon after the conviction would allow the appeal and order a retrial. A retrial is not feasible and would not be fair. While I am fairly certain the applicant is guilty of the murder of the deceased, a nagging doubt remains. The case against the applicant based on the admissible and properly tested evidence is not overwhelming; it is properly described as a strong circumstantial case. There is also material pointing to an alternative hypothesis consistent with innocence, the strength of which is unknown. Regardless of my view of the case and the applicant’s guilt, the substantial miscarriage of justice suffered by the applicant should not be allowed to stand uncorrected. To allow such a miscarriage of justice to stand uncorrected would be contrary to the fundamental principles that guide the administration of justice in Australia and would bring the administration of justice into disrepute. Allowing such a miscarriage of justice to stand uncorrected would severely undermine public confidence in the administration of justice. In view of the nature of the miscarriage of justice that has occurred and the period the applicant has spent in custody, and in view of the powers conferred on the Full Court, I do not recommend that the Court confirm the conviction and recommend that the Executive grant a pardon. I recommend that the applicant’s conviction on 3 November 1995 for the murder of Colin Stanley Winchester be quashed.— Martin J (Acting), "Report of the Board of Inquiry." Inquiry into the Conviction of David Harold Eastman for the Murder of Colin Stanley Winchester, 29 May 2014.
On 22 August 2014 the Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory quashed the conviction, released Eastman from prison, and ordered a retrial in spite of the recommendation from the report by Martin J that "a retrial is neither feasible, nor fair." Eastman appealed the decision for a retrial to the ACT Court of Appeal and then to the High Court. Both appeals were dismissed and in 2017 it was ordered that a retrial should be held. The retrial commenced in Canberra on 18 June 2018.
Other legal matters
Whilst in custody, in 2001 Eastman was evicted from his public housing apartment that he had not occupied for ten years. Eastman appealed the eviction order to the ACT Supreme Court on the basis that he had not been given enough notice to effectively defend his position. The Court ruled in Eastman's favour and determined that he was denied natural justice. The ACT Tenancy Tribunal was directed to review the case.
On 27 May 2009 Eastman was transferred from a New South Wales prison to the Alexander Maconochie Centre, a newly-opened prison located in the ACT, to see out his sentence. During his period in New South Wales prisons he lodged a large number of complaints alleging ill-treatment by guards and was frequently moved between jails.
- "David Eastman freed from jail, conviction quashed for murder of AFP assistant commissioner Colin Winchester". ABC News. Australia. 22 August 2014. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "Family notices: Deaths". The Canberra Times. ACT. 3 November 1987. p. 18.
- Moor, Keith (31 May 2014). "How a strange, cruel life led to jail for David Eastman". Herald Sun. Archived from the original on 1 June 2014. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
- Murphy, Damien (22 August 2004). "David Eastman released after 19 years in jail". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
- Juddery, Bruce (21 June 1978). "P.S. case studied. Case could set precedents". The Canberra Times. Retrieved 1 June 2014 – via National Library of Australia.
- Juddery, Bruce (3 February 1979). "Appeal by retired public servant. No discrimination in refusal: Ombudsman". The Canberra Times. Retrieved 1 June 2014 – via National Library of Australia.
- "The case against David Harold Eastman". The Canberra Times. 4 November 1995. Archived from the original on 5 December 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2018 – via Jarrett, Janet (October 1999). "Murder of Assistant Commissioner Winchester" Platypus, Australian Federal Police. (Reprint: Platypus No. 49, December 1995).
- Guilliatt, Richard (25 February 2013). "Terry O'Donnell is still on the Colin Winchester murder case". The Australian. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
- "Colin Stanley WINCHESTER APM". Australian Police. 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2018.
- Campbell, Rod (19 April 2008). "Eastman arrested: court today". The Canberra Times. pp. 1–2. Retrieved 12 May 2018 – via Trove, National Library of Australia.
- "David Eastman appeal upheld". The Sydney Morning Herald. Australian Associated Press. 28 May 2003. Retrieved 6 May 2009.
- "Eastman judge's warning". The Canberra Times. 11 November 1995. p. 1. Retrieved 1 June 2014 – via National Library of Australia.
- Hamer, David (2015). "The Eastman case: Implications for an Australian Criminal Cases Review Commission" (PDF). Flinders Law Journal. 17. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
- Martin J (Acting) (29 May 2014). "Report of the Board of Inquiry" (PDF). Inquiry into the Conviction of David Harold Eastman for the Murder of Colin Stanley Winchester. Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory. Retrieved 31 May 2014 – via The Canberra Times.
- Solly, Ross (28 May 2003). "David Eastman wins right to appeal". ABC PM. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 6 May 2009.
- Pryor, Sally (19 April 2008). "Murderer Eastman's final retrial bid fails". The Canberra Times. Archived from the original on 24 April 2008. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
- Campbell, Roderick (6 January 2017). "Winchester murder trial, fair or not?". The Canberra Times. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
- Ierace, Mark (5 November 2010), "Fitness to be Tried", Paper presented at the University of NSW Law Faculty CLE/CPD day, Public Defenders, Department of Justice. Government of New South Wales
- "Eastman was fit to plead: judicial review". 666 ABC Canberra. 10 October 2005. Archived from the original on 9 July 2011. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
- Mosley, Lisa (10 August 2012). "Inquiry ordered into 1989 Winchester murder". Lateline. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Eastman inquiry recommends David Eastman's conviction be quashed, finds miscarriage of justice". 30 May 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2014.
- "David Eastman's murder conviction should be quashed: inquiry". The Guardian. Australian Associated Press. 30 May 2014. Retrieved 31 May 2014.
- Inman, Michael (30 May 2014). "David Eastman inquiry: police in court bid over report's publication". Canberra Times. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
- In the matter of an application re. the report of the board of inquiry into the conviction of Eastman for the murder of Winchester  ACTSC 178 (30 May 2014), Supreme Court (ACT, Australia)
- Eastman v Director of Public Prosecutions (No 2)  ACTSCFC 2 (22 August 2014), Supreme Court (Full Court) (ACT, Australia)
- Gorrey, Megan (30 March 2017). "David Eastman's second murder trial to go ahead after High Court bid dismissed". Canberra Times. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- Eastman v The Queen  HCA 29 (25 May 2000), High Court (Australia)
- Burgess, Katie (11 May 2018). "Canberra courts construction delayed, with warning of further blowouts". The Canberra Times. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
- "Eastman to keep public housing flat". 666 ABC Canberra. 3 June 2006. Archived from the original on 10 March 2007. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
- Kent, Paul (31 May 2014). "Killer of police commissioner finally extradited to the ACT". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 28 May 2009.
- Martin J (Acting) (29 May 2014). "Report of the Board of Inquiry" (PDF). Inquiry into the Conviction of David Harold Eastman for the Murder of Colin Stanley Winchester. Supreme Court of the Australian Capital Territory – via The Canberra Times.
Selected legal proceedings
- R v David Harold Eastman  ACTSC 3 (10 February 1995), Supreme Court (ACT, Australia)
- Eastman v The Queen  FCA 548 (25 June 1997), Federal Court (Australia)
– Eastman's 1997 appeal to the Federal Court claiming that the trial judge erred in the directions which he gave to the jury on various grounds; and granted discriminatory bail conditions. The Court dismissed the appeal.
- David Harold Eastman v the Queen  FCA 76, Federal Court (Australia)
- Eastman v R  HCA 29, 203 CLR 1 (25 May 2000), High Court (Australia)
– Eastman's 2000 appeal to the High Court that Eastman was unfit to plead and the Crown knew that he was suffering a mental illness and was incapable of instructing legal counsel, matters not previously reviewed by the Courts. The Court dismissed the appeal.
- Eastman v Director of Public Prosecutions (ACT)  HCA 28 (28 May 2003), High Court (Australia)
– Eastman's 2003 appeal to the High Court that a Magistrate, appointed by the ACT Supreme Court, be empowered to review evidence to determine the fitness of Eastman to plead, reviewing earlier decisions made by the ACT Supreme Court and the Full Court of the Federal Court. The High Court upheld the appeal.
- Eastman v The Australian Capital Territory  ACTCA 8 (1 April 2008), Court of Appeal (ACT, Australia)
– Eastman's 2008 appeal to the ACT Supreme Court Court of Appeal following the decision by the ACT Supreme Court (single judge) that Eastman was not denied procedural fairness. The Court dismissed the appeal.
- Eastman v Director of Public Prosecutions (No 2)  ACTSCFC 2 (22 August 2014), Supreme Court (Full Court) (ACT, Australia)
– Full Court of the ACT Supreme Court decision to quash Eastman's conviction and to order a retrial.
- Eastman v Director of Public Prosecutions (No 13)  ACTCA 65 (2 December 2016), Court of Appeal (ACT, Australia)
– Eastman's 2016 appeal to the ACT Court of Appeal following an earlier unsuccessful appeal to the ACT Supreme Court for a permanent stay on proceedings for the charge of murder. The Court dismissed the appeal.