Delivery order

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A delivery order (abbreviated D/O[1]) is a document from a consignee, or an owner or his agent of freight carrier which orders the release of the transportation of cargo to another party.[2] Usually the written order permits the direct delivery of goods to a warehouseman, carrier or other person who in the course of their ordinary business issues warehouse receipts or bills of lading.[3]

According to the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC)[4] a delivery order refers to an "order given by an owner of goods to a person in possession of them (the carrier or warehouseman) directing that person to deliver the goods to a person named in the order."[3]

A delivery order which is used for the import of cargo should not to be confused with delivery instructions. Delivery Instructions provides "specific information to the inland carrier concerning the arrangement made by the forwarder to deliver the merchandise to the particular pier or steamship line."[5]

"A delivery order was not regarded as a document of title at common law with the result that the transfer of the delivery order did not effect transfer of constructive possession of the goods. Attornment on the part of the bailee was required (i.e., an acknowledgement that the bailee held the goods on behalf of the transferee). The Uniform Documents of Title Act permits the use of negotiable delivery orders (if the order directs delivery to a named person or order). However, it is still necessary to single out delivery orders for special treatment. Until the delivery order is accepted by the bailee, there is no basi for imposing obligations on the bailee. See discussion under sections 18 and 19 . See also the definition of "issuer"."[3]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ "D/O Definition," MSN Encarta World English Dictionary [North American Edition]. 2007. Microsoft Corporation. Accessed 5 July 2007. Archived 2009-10-31.
  2. ^ McCracken, Mark. "Definition of Delivery Order." Teachmefinance.Com. 2005. markmccracken.com. Accessed 5 July 2007 (http://www.teachmefinance.com/Financial_Terms/delivery_order.html).
  3. ^ a b c Dalton, Clark. "Uniform Law Conference of Canada - Proceedings of Annual Meetings." Uniform Law Conference of Canada. Aug. 1995. Uniform Law Conference of Canada. Accessed 5 July 2007 (http://www.ulcc.ca/en/poam2/index.cfm?sec=1995⊂=1995af).
  4. ^ "U.C.C. Article 7 - Warehouse Receipts, Bills of Lading and Other Documents of Title." Cornell University Law School. 2005. The American Law Institute and the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws. Accessed 5 July 2007 (http://www.law.cornell.edu/ucc/7/7-102.html#Bailee_7-102).
  5. ^ "Comprehensive Guide to International Trade Terms (Complete Text)." National Trade Data Bank's Guide to International Trade Terms. 1 September 1995. USDOC, OFFICE OF ADMINISTRATION - International Government. Accessed 6 July 2007 (http://www.ntia.doc.gov/lexcon.txt).

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