Deltochilum valgum

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Deltochilum valgum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Family: Scarabaeidae
Genus: Deltochilum
Species: D. valgum
Binomial name
Deltochilum valgum
Burmeister, 1873 [1]
Subspecies

D. v. acropyge Bates, 1887
D. v. longiceps Paulian, 1938

Deltochilum valgum is a nocturnal species of dung beetle in the family Scarabaeidae, which has evolved a predatory lifestyle.[2] While most other members of its family feed on faeces, D. valgum is highly specialised for eating millipedes;[3][4] such a transition from scavenger to carnivore is rare.[5]

D. valgum prefers live millipedes to dead ones, and seems to take no other food. It tends to kill millipedes much larger than itself, at 25–110 millimetres (1.0–4.3 in) long. The beetle itself is about 8 mm (0.3 in) long. In a typical attack, the beetle grasps the millipede's body with its mid and elongated, curved hind legs and then bites into the coiling prey at a joint between body segments. Sometimes this results in the prey being decapitated. The beetle then drags the victim to feed on it.

D. valgum is widely distributed in Central American rainforests.[6] Two subspecies are recognised: D. v. acropyge Bates, 1887 and D. v. longiceps Paulian, 1938.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Collection Resources \ Coleoptera \ Scarabaeidae \ Scarabaeinae". Natural History Museum. Archived from the original on August 1, 2008. Retrieved January 25, 2009. 
  2. ^ Trond H. Larsen; Alejandro Lopera; Adrian Forsyth; François Génier (2009). "From coprophagy to predation: a dung beetle that kills millipedes". Biology Letters. 5 (2): 152–5. PMC 2665820Freely accessible. PMID 19158030. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2008.0654. 
  3. ^ Trond Larsen. "Evolution of a highly specialized predatory behavior in a dung beetle". Princeton University. Archived from the original on September 20, 2006. Retrieved September 25, 2001. 
  4. ^ S. Federico Escobar (2003). "Feeding habits and distributional records of 11 species of Neotropical Scarabaeinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)". The Coleopterists Bulletin. 57 (2): 131–132. doi:10.1649/642. 
  5. ^ James Morgan (January 21, 2009). "Little dung beetle is big chopper". BBC News. 
  6. ^ Enio B. Cano (1998). "Deltochilum valgum acropyge Bates (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae): habits and distribution". The Coleopterists Bulletin. 52 (2): 174–178. 
  7. ^ "Deltochilum valgum Burmeister 1873". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved January 25, 2009.