D. v. acropyge Bates, 1887
Deltochilum valgum is a nocturnal species of dung beetle in the family Scarabaeidae, which has evolved a predatory lifestyle. While most other members of its family feed on faeces, D. valgum is highly specialised for eating millipedes; such a transition from scavenger to carnivore is rare.
D. valgum prefers live millipedes to dead ones, and seems to take no other food. It tends to kill millipedes much larger than itself, at 25–110 millimetres (1.0–4.3 in) long. The beetle itself is about 8 mm (0.3 in) long. In a typical attack, the beetle grasps the millipede's body with its mid and elongated, curved hind legs and then bites into the coiling prey at a joint between body segments. Sometimes this results in the prey being decapitated. The beetle then drags the victim to feed on it.
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- S. Federico Escobar (2003). "Feeding habits and distributional records of 11 species of Neotropical Scarabaeinae (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae)". The Coleopterists Bulletin. 57 (2): 131–132. doi:10.1649/642.
- James Morgan (January 21, 2009). "Little dung beetle is big chopper". BBC News.
- Enio B. Cano (1998). "Deltochilum valgum acropyge Bates (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae): habits and distribution". The Coleopterists Bulletin. 52 (2): 174–178.
- "Deltochilum valgum Burmeister 1873". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved January 25, 2009.