Colonel Derek Wilford, OBE, is the former British Army officer who commanded the 1st Battalion, Parachute Regiment in Derry, Northern Ireland on Bloody Sunday in 1972. At the time he was a lieutenant colonel.
Wilford was exonerated by the Widgery tribunal that April and on 3 October 1972 he was appointed OBE. However, the Saville Inquiry, many years later, determined that Wilford had expressly disobeyed an order from a superior officer, Brigadier Pat MacLellan, who prohibited Wilford from sending troops into the Bogside. The Saville Inquiry found that MacLellan was not to blame for the shootings. Lord Saville said Colonel Wilford was wrong to send soldiers into an unfamiliar area where there was risk of attack from Irish republican paramilitaries, in circumstances where the soldiers' response would risk civilians being killed or injured.
Saville suggested Wilford "wanted to demonstrate the way to deal with rioters in Derry was not for soldiers to shelter behind barricades like (as he put it) Aunt Sallies while being stoned, as he perceived the local troops had been doing, but instead to go aggressively after rioters, as he and his soldiers had been doing in Belfast". He added: "His failure to comply with his orders, instead setting in train the very thing his brigadier has prohibited him from doing, cannot be justified...Colonel Wilford should not have launched an incursion into the Bogside."
Colonel Wilford was known locally in Derry in the aftermath as the 'Butcher of the Bogside'. On 4 November 1972, Wilford captured the Ulster Volunteer Force leader Gusty Spence, then on the run from prison. He has been outspoken against the criticism of his leadership and has always defended the actions of his soldiers since the incident. He always maintained his soldiers were fired upon first and in 1992 in a BBC documentary he stated "I don't believe my soldiers were wrong", reasoning "If you get into an enormous crowd which is out to make mischief you are in the first instance a party to it." In 1998 he stated he was angry at Tony Blair's intention of setting up the Saville Inquiry and that he should not apologise for it. In 1999, speaking on BBC radio "he angered the relatives of those killed and injured during Bloody Sunday by suggesting that almost all Northern Ireland Catholics were closet republicans. Although he later apologised for his comments, the army distanced itself from him".
Wilford has claimed he has been made a scapegoat since that day and has been abandoned by the military hierarchy and British Government. Despite this he didn't retire from the army until 1983, although he stated he felt constantly passed over for promotion, ending his career only one rank higher than his 1972 rank. During this time he stated he became estranged from his wife and divorced her to pursue a relationship with another woman he had met while he was posted in Belgium.
In 2000, he was living outside the United Kingdom. According to the Derry Journal, as of 2010, Wilford has been living in Belgium for a number of years with his new wife and daughter. In the wake of the release of the Saville report, he has refused to make any further comments, stating "I don't want to talk about it. It's all been said."
- Simon Winchester, "Amid the tears and cheers, a full stop to Britain's colonial experience in Northern Ireland", The Guardian, 15 June 2010
- David McKittrick, "Saville pins the blame for Bloody Sunday on British soldiers", The Independent, 16 June 2010
- "No. 45793". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 October 1972. p. 11634.
- "Saville pins the blame for Bloody Sunday on British soldiers", The Independent, op cit.
- David Williams (7 June 2010), Bloody Sunday Inquiry: Ex-Paras hit back over verdict, saying 'Saville has made our Colonel a scapegoat' Daily Mail
- Belfast Telegraph (21 June 2010). "Bloody Sunday: Wilford tracked down... but Paras officer won't say sorry". Belfast Telegraph.
- Taylor, Peter (1999). Loyalists. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 112. ISBN 0-7475-4519-7.
- "Col Wilford: Don't blame my soldiers". BBC News. 24 March 2000.
- Sherwood, Deborah (25 January 1998). "I was proud to lead the Paras on Bloody Sunday...don't dare say sorry for me, Mr Blair". Sunday Mirror. London.
- "Wilford-is-alive". Retrieved 23 June 2010.