Dichloroisocyanuric acid

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Dichloroisocyanuric acid
Dichlor
Dichlor
Names
IUPAC name
1,3-dichloro-1,3,5-triazinane-2,4,6-trione
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.018.625
KEGG
Properties
C3HCl2N3O3
Molar mass 197.96 g/mol
Density 2.2 g/cm3
Melting point 225 °C (437 °F; 498 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Dichloroisocyanuric acid, also known as dichlor or dichloro-s-triazinetrione and is marketed under many names (e.g. troclosene), is a chemical compound with the formula (C(O)NCl)2(C(O)NH).

Synthesis[edit]

Dichloroisocyanuric acid is manufactured by chlorination of cyanuric acid:[1]

(C(O)NH)3 + 2 Cl2 → (C(O)NCl)2(C(O)NH) + 2 HCl

It is a colourless solid.[citation needed]

Mechanism of action[edit]

Dichloroisocyanuric acid is an oxidizer, reacting with water to form hypochlorous acid.[citation needed]

The sodium salt of dichloroisocyanuric acid, sodium dichloroisocyanurate, is the active ingredient in bleach.[citation needed] It is the active ingredient in many commercial disinfectant bacteriocides, algicides, and cleaning agents.[citation needed], for example the powderized cleanser Comet.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Huthmacher, K.; Most, D. (2005), "Cyanuric Acid and Cyanuric Chloride", Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Weinheim: Wiley-VCH, doi:10.1002/14356007.a08_191