Dimorphic fungus

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Dimorphic fungi are fungi which can exist as mold/hyphal/filamentous form[1] or as yeast. An example is Penicillium marneffei:[2]

Candida albicans growing as yeast cells and filamentous (hypha) cells

Pathogenic dimorphic fungi[edit]

Several species are potential pathogens, including Coccidioides immitis,[3] Paracoccidioides brasiliensis,[3] Candida albicans,[4] Ustilago maydis,[4] Blastomyces dermatitidis, Histoplasma capsulatum, Sporothrix schenckii, and Emmonsia sp.[5]



  1. ^ "Fungi". Archived from the original on June 6, 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-06. 
  2. ^ Chandler JM, Treece ER, Trenary HR, et al. (2008). "Protein profiling of the dimorphic, pathogenic fungus, Penicillium marneffei". Proteome Sci. 6 (1): 17. PMC 2478645Freely accessible. PMID 18533041. doi:10.1186/1477-5956-6-17. 
  3. ^ a b "Dimorphic Fungi". Retrieved 2007-08-19. 
  4. ^ a b Sánchez-martínez, Cristina; Pérez-martín, José (2001). "Dimorphism in fungal pathogens: Candida albicans and Ustilago maydis—similar inputs, different outputs". Current Opinion in Microbiology. 4 (2): 214–221. PMID 11282479. doi:10.1016/S1369-5274(00)00191-0. 
  5. ^ Kenyon, Chris; Bonorchis, Kim; Corcoran, Craig; Meintjes, Graeme; Locketz, Michael; Lehloenya, Rannakoe; Vismer, Hester F.; Naicker, Preneshni; Prozesky, Hans; van Wyk, Marelize; Bamford, Colleen; du Plooy, Moira; Imrie, Gail; Dlamini, Sipho; Borman, Andrew M.; Colebunders, Robert; Yansouni, Cedric P.; Mendelson, Marc; Govender, Nelesh P. (2013). "A Dimorphic Fungus Causing Disseminated Infection in South Africa". New England Journal of Medicine. 369 (15): 1416–1424. ISSN 0028-4793. PMID 24106934. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1215460.