52nd cabinet of Italy
|Date formed||17 January 1995|
|Date dissolved||17 May 1996(487 days)|
|People and organisations|
|Head of state||Oscar Luigi Scalfaro|
|Head of government||Lamberto Dini|
|No. of ministers||21 (incl. Prime Minister)|
|Total no. of ministers||25 (incl. Prime Minister)|
|Member parties||Independents |
PDS, LN, PPI, FdV, Patto, AD, SI, Rete
|Status in legislature||Technocratic cabinet|
|Opposition parties||FI, AN, CCD, FLD, PRC, LIF|
|Outgoing election||1996 election|
|Legislature term(s)||XII Legislature (1994–1996)|
|Predecessor||Berlusconi I Cabinet|
|Successor||Prodi I Cabinet|
The Dini Cabinet was the 52nd cabinet of the Italian Republic. It was the second and last cabinet of the XII Legislature. It held office from 17 January 1995 to 17 May 1996, a total of 486 days, or 1 year and 4 months. It was the Italian Republic's first Government of Experts, entirely composed of experts and officials from outside Parliament.
The cabinet obtained the confidence of the House of Deputies on 25 January 1995 with 302 votes in favour, 39 against and 270 abstentions. It also obtained the confidence of the Senate on 1 February 1995 with 191 votes in favour, 17 against and 2 abstentions.
The government collapsed on 11 January 1996.
After the fall of the Berlusconi Government, the President of the Republic Oscar Luigi Scalfaro entrusted Lamberto Dini (already Minister of the Treasury for the Berlusconi Government) with the task of forming a new cabinet.
The new government, composed only of independents, was supported by the Democratic Party of the Left, Northern League, Italian People's Party, Greens, Segni Pact, Democratic Alliance, Italian Socialists and The Network. The parties of the Pole (Forza Italia National Alliance and Christian Democratic Centre) announced the intention to abstain from the vote of confidence, while the Communist Refoundation Party voted against.
On 19 October 1995, the Senate approved a motion of individual mistrust towards the Minister of Justice Filippo Mancuso, presented by the groups of the majority and endorsed by the Prime Minister. In May 1995 Mancuso had accused the methods used in the Mani Pulite investigation and asked for disciplinary action against the pool of magistrates who had carried out the investigations.
On 30 December 1995 Lamberto Dini resigned, since the programmatic goals on which the government had gained confidence had been achieved. On 1st February 1996 Scalfaro conferred the task for the formation of the new government to Antonio Maccanico, who accepted with reserve. However Maccanico dissolved the reserve, unable to find a parliamentary majority, putting the mandate in the hands of the President of the Republic. On 16 February 1996, Scalfaro therefore decreed the dissolution of the Chambers.