Dini Cabinet

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Dini Cabinet
Flag of Italy.svg
52nd cabinet of Italy
Lamberto dini.jpg
Date formed17 January 1995 (1995-01-17)
Date dissolved17 May 1996 (1996-05-17) (487 days)
People and organisations
Head of stateOscar Luigi Scalfaro
Head of governmentLamberto Dini
No. of ministers21 (incl. Prime Minister)
Total no. of ministers25 (incl. Prime Minister)
Member partiesIndependents
External support:
PDS, LN, PPI, FdV, Patto, AD, SI, Rete
Status in legislatureTechnocratic cabinet
Opposition partiesFI, AN, CCD, FLD, PRC, LIF
History
Outgoing election1996 election
Legislature term(s)XII Legislature (1994–1996)
PredecessorBerlusconi I Cabinet
SuccessorProdi I Cabinet

The Dini Cabinet was the 52nd cabinet of the Italian Republic. It was the second and last cabinet of the XII Legislature. It held office from 17 January 1995 to 17 May 1996, a total of 486 days, or 1 year and 4 months. It was the Italian Republic's first Government of Experts, entirely composed of experts and officials from outside Parliament.[1]

The cabinet obtained the confidence of the House of Deputies on 25 January 1995 with 302 votes in favour, 39 against and 270 abstentions.[2] It also obtained the confidence of the Senate on 1 February 1995 with 191 votes in favour, 17 against and 2 abstentions.[3]

The government collapsed on 11 January 1996.[4]

History[edit]

After the fall of the Berlusconi Government, the President of the Republic Oscar Luigi Scalfaro entrusted Lamberto Dini (already Minister of the Treasury for the Berlusconi Government) with the task of forming a new cabinet.

The new government, composed only of independents, was supported by the Democratic Party of the Left, Northern League, Italian People's Party, Greens, Segni Pact, Democratic Alliance, Italian Socialists and The Network. The parties of the Pole (Forza Italia National Alliance and Christian Democratic Centre) announced the intention to abstain from the vote of confidence, while the Communist Refoundation Party voted against.

After the split of the United Christian Democrats from the Italian People's Party, the government lost the majority to the Chamber of Deputies.

On 19 October 1995, the Senate approved a motion of individual mistrust towards the Minister of Justice Filippo Mancuso, presented by the groups of the majority and endorsed by the Prime Minister. In May 1995 Mancuso had accused the methods used in the Mani Pulite investigation and asked for disciplinary action against the pool of magistrates who had carried out the investigations.

On 30 December 1995 Lamberto Dini resigned, since the programmatic goals on which the government had gained confidence had been achieved. On 1st February 1996 Scalfaro conferred the task for the formation of the new government to Antonio Maccanico, who accepted with reserve. However Maccanico dissolved the reserve, unable to find a parliamentary majority, putting the mandate in the hands of the President of the Republic. On 16 February 1996, Scalfaro therefore decreed the dissolution of the Chambers.

Composition of the Government[edit]

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Prime Minister Lamberto Dini17 January 199517 May 1996Independent
Minister of Foreign Affairs Susanna Agnelli17 January 199517 May 1996Independent
Minister of the Interior Antonio Brancaccio17 January 19959 June 1995Independent
 Giovanni Rinaldo Coronas (ad interim)9 June 199517 May 1996Independent
Minister of Grace and Justice Filippo Mancuso17 January 199519 October 1995Independent
 Lamberto Dini (ad interim)19 October 199516 February 1996Independent
 Vincenzo Caianiello (ad interim)16 February 199617 May 1996Independent
Minister of Budget and Economic Planning Rainer Masera17 January 199512 January 1996Independent
 Augusto Fantozzi (ad interim)12 January 199616 February 1996Independent
 Mario Arcelli16 February 199617 May 1996Independent
Minister of Finance Augusto Fantozzi17 January 199517 May 1996Independent
Minister of Treasury Lamberto Dini (ad interim)17 January 199517 May 1996Independent
Minister of Defence Domenico Corcione17 January 199517 May 1996Independent
Minister of Public Education Giancarlo Lombardi17 January 199517 May 1996Independent
Minister of Public Works Paolo Baratta17 January 199517 May 1996Independent
Minister of the Environment Paolo Baratta17 January 199517 May 1996Independent
Minister of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Resources Walter Luchetti17 January 199517 May 1996Independent
Minister of Transport and Navigation Giovanni Caravale17 January 199517 May 1996Independent
Minister of Post and Telecommunications Agostino Gambino17 January 199517 May 1996Independent
Minister of Industry, Commerce and Craftsmanship Alberto Clò17 January 199517 May 1996Independent
Minister of Health Elio Guzzanti17 January 199517 May 1996Independent
Minister of Foreign Trade Alberto Clò (ad interim)17 January 199517 May 1996Independent
Minister of Labour and Social Security Tiziano Treu17 January 199517 May 1996Independent
Minister of Cultural and Environmental Heritage Antonio Paolucci17 January 199517 May 1996Independent
Minister of University and Scientific and Technological Research Giorgio Salvini17 January 199517 May 1996Independent
Minister for Family and Social Solidarity (without portfolio) Sabino Cassese17 January 199517 May 1996Independent
Minister of Public Function and Regional Affairs (without portfolio) Franco Frattini17 January 199522 March 1996Independent
 Giovanni Motzo22 March 199617 May 1996Independent
Minister for Institutional Reforms (without portfolio) Giovanni Motzo17 January 199517 May 1996Independent
Minister for Special Tasks (without portfolio) Antonio Brancaccio9 June 199526 August 1995Independent
Secretary of the Council of Ministers Lamberto Cardia17 January 199517 May 1996Independent

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Introduzione alla XII Legislatura". senato.it. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
  2. ^ Camera dei Deputati - XII Legislatura - Seduta n. 127
  3. ^ Senato della Repubblica - XII Legislatura - Seduta n. 113
  4. ^ Camera dei Deputati - XII Legislatura - Seduta n. 311

See also[edit]