Dirk Stoop (ca 1615–1686) was a widely travelled painter and engraver of the Dutch Golden Age. Alternative versions of his name include Dirck Stoff, Theodorus (van der) Stoop, Thierry (the French version) and Rod(e)rigo, by which he was known in Portugal.
Stoop was born in Utrecht. His father was the glass painter Willem Jansz. van Stoop and his brother Maerten was also a painter, especially of war scenes. According to Houbraken, his father had also been the first teacher of Abraham Diepraam. Houbraken considered the elder Stoop to be a good horse painter. The younger Stoop was a pupil in the Utrecht guild and was known for Italianate landscapes with hunting parties, views of ports, cavalry scenes, history paintings, still lifes and altar pieces, which were valued highly in his time.
Some time in 1639 Stoop went to live in Italy and afterwards seems to have led an itinerant existence. While in Lisbon and became Court painter to the Princess Catherine of Braganza, whom he followed to London when she was betrothed to Charles II in 1662. From this time dates the series of eight large plates portraying her progress from Portsmouth to Hampton Court. He is also known to have executed twenty-four engravings for the second, luxury edition of John Ogilby’s Aesop’s Fables in 1665, signing them as R(ordrig)o Stoop.
After a four-year stay in London, Stoop returned to Utrecht, where he died in 1686.
- "Explore Dirk Stoop".
- (in Dutch) Dirk Stoop Biography in De groote schouburgh der Nederlantsche konstschilders en schilderessen (1718) by Arnold Houbraken, courtesy of the Digital library for Dutch literature
- A note in the Diary and Correspondence of Samuel Pepys, London 1854, Vol.IV, p.333
- Edward Hodnett, Francis Barlow, First Master of English Book Illustration, University of California 1978, pp.144-5
Media related to Dirk Stoop at Wikimedia Commons