Dirk Stoop

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Portrait of Catherine of Braganza, c.1661

Dirk Stoop (ca 1615–1686) was a widely travelled painter of the Dutch Golden Age. Alternative versions of his name include Dirck Stoff, Theodorus (van der) Stoop, Thierry (the French version) and Rod(e)rigo, by which he was known in Portugal.[1]


Stoop was born in Utrecht. His father was the glass painter Willem Jansz. van Stoop and his brother Maerten was also a painter, especially of war scenes. According to Houbraken, his father had also been the first teacher of Abraham Diepraam.[2] Houbraken considered the elder Stoop to be a good horse painter.[2] This younger Stoop was known for Italianate landscapes with hunting parties, views of ports, cavalry scenes, history paintings, still lifes and altar pieces, which were valued highly in his time. He was also an engraver and among his productions during a stay in England in the 1650s were some of the plates for the second, luxury edition of John Ogilby’s Aesop’s Fables in 1665, and a series of prints of “12 horses”.[3][4]

In 1638 Stoop was a pupil in the Utrecht guild. He then went to live in Italy, probably between 1639 and 1645. During a subsequent visit to England he painted the panoramic Restoration procession of King Charles II (1660).[5]

Braganza Court[edit]

Stoop's painting of the Terreiro do Paço; Pimenta Palace, Lisbon City Museum collection

Dirk then went on to Lisbon and became Court painter to the Princess Catherine of Braganza. Rodrigo, as he was known locally, did many works for the Portuguese court in its entirety, from various portraits to the depiction of Ribeira Palace. When Cathrine was betrothed to Charles II, he joined her entourage when she went to England in 1662.

From this time dates the series of eight large plates portraying her progress from Portsmouth to Hampton Court.[6] After a four-year stay, he returned to Utrecht but was known to have traveled to Hamburg some time between that date and his death in 1686.[7]


  1. ^ "Explore Dirk Stoop". 
  2. ^ a b (Dutch) Dirk Stoop Biography in De groote schouburgh der Nederlantsche konstschilders en schilderessen (1718) by Arnold Houbraken, courtesy of the Digital library for Dutch literature
  3. ^ Print of the frog and the mouse in the collection of the Rijksmuseum from The Fables of Aesop Paraphras'd in Verse: Adorn'd with Sculpture and Illustrated with Annotations, Londen, John Ogilvy, 1665
  4. ^ "British Museum - Collection search: You searched for F,2.203". British Museum. 
  5. ^ Nicole Kipar site Archived November 20, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Military history site
  7. ^ Much of the information here appears in Michael Bryan, A Biographical Dictionary of Painters and Engravers vol. V, p. 132

External links[edit]

Media related to Dirk Stoop at Wikimedia Commons