Dmytro Ivanovich Chyzhevsky (sometimes transliterated as Dmitri Tschizewsky or Dmitrij Tschizewskij) (March 3, 1894 – April 18, 1977) was a scholar of Slavic literature and the literary baroque. He was born in Russian Empire of Russian-Polish-Ukrainian ancestry.
Dmytro Ivanovich Chyzhevsky was born in Russian Empire on 3 March 1894, at Aleksandria, in the Kherson Oblast of the Russian empire, near the Black Sea. From 1911 to 1913 he studied philosophy and literature at the University of St. Petersburg and afterwards at the department of history and philology at St. Volodymyr Kyiv University, where he graduated in 1919. After teaching at high school in Kiev from 1919 to 1921, he emigrated from Soviet Russia to Germany and continued his philosophical studies at Heidelberg during the winter semester 1921/22, and then at Freiberg, where he was a student of Edmund Husserl (SS 1922- WS1923/24).
He lived in Prague from 1924 to 1932, where he became a professor in the Ukrainian university there, and was a member of the prestigious Prague Linguistic Circle, a group of linguists and philologists that included Roman Jakobson.
In 1932 he moved to the University of Halle in Germany, where he completed his dissertation in Philosophy, Hegel in Russland, under Adhémar Gelb and Paul Menzer. During World War II, Chyzhevsky too a position at the University of Marburg.
After the war he moved to the United States of America in 1949, and became a professor of Slavic studies at Harvard University.
Chyzhevsky wrote on a broad range of subjects, including folklore, history, philosophy, linguistics, Slavic and comparative literature. He wrote monographs on the Ukrainian philosopher Hryhorii Skovoroda (1974) and the German philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1934). He is also known for his studies of the Ukrainian writer, Nikolai Gogol.
He argued for the existence of a literary baroque and wrote several books on the subject, becoming one of the foremost authorities on baroque literature.
- Логіка (1924)
- Dostojevskij Studien (1931)
- Hegel bei den Slaven (1934)
- Štúrova filozofia života (1941)
- Geschichte der altrussischen Literatur: Kiever Epoche (1948 and 1960)
- Outline of Comparative Slavic Literatures (1952)
- On Romanticism in Slavic Literatures (1957)
- Das heilige Russland (1959)
- Russland zwischen Ost und West (1961)
- Russische Literaturgeschichte des 19 Jahrhunderts (1964)
- Comparative History of Slavic Literatures (1971)
- Skovoroda, Dichter, Denker, Mystiker (1974)
- A History of Ukrainian Literature (1975)
- George N. Rhyne; George V. Rhyne; Edward J. Lazzerini (1995). The Supplement to the modern encyclopedia of Russian, Soviet and Eurasian history. Academic International Press. ISBN 978-0-87569-142-8. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- V. A. Smoliĭ; Oksana Onoprii︠e︡nko (2001). Golden book of Ukrainian elite. Kompanii︠a︡ "I︠E︡vroimidz︠h︡". ISBN 978-966-7867-11-9. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies (1997). Journal of Ukrainian studies. Canadian Institute of Ukrainian Studies. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- Robert A. Maguire (1 May 1995). Gogol From the Twentieth Century: Eleven Essays. Princeton University Press. pp. 293–294. ISBN 978-0-691-01326-8. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- Ukrainian Academy of Arts and Sciences in the United States (1973). Annals. Ukrainian Academy of Arts and Sciences in the U.S. Retrieved 15 April 2012.
- Irene Rima Makaryk (1 March 1989). About the Harrowing of Hell. CIUS Press. pp. 36, 50–51. ISBN 978-0-919473-89-8. Retrieved 15 April 2012.