|Mahi-mahi (C. hippurus)|
Coryphaena is a genus of marine ray-finned fishes known as the dolphinfishes. This genus is currently the only known genus in its family. The species in this genus have compressed heads and single dorsal fins that run the entire length of the fishes' bodies. Dolphinfishes are some of the fastest-growing species in the ocean, so serve as a primary food source for many pelagic predators. The dolphinfish can reach up to about 40 kilograms (88 lb).
Dolphinfishes are unrelated to dolphins (which are mammals), and commercially their meat is often labeled with its Hawaiian name mahi-mahi to reduce possible public confusion. The origin of the name "dolphinfish" is recent, to avoid confusion with dolphins, as the traditional name of the fish was also dolphin. Why the mammal and the fish were both called dolphin is uncertain, but theories include that dolphinfish communicate using high-pitched sounds similar to a dolphin, because they are about the size of a small dolphin, or due to dorado (Spanish for "golden") having been purportedly used historically in Spanish for both dolphins (normally delfín) and dolphinfish.
The generic name is from Greek κορυφή (koryphē, "crown, top") and -αινα (-aina, feminine suffix).
The currently recognized species in this genus are:
|Image||Scientific name||Common name||Distribution|
|Coryphaena equiselis Linnaeus, 1758||pompano dolphinfish||South America|
|Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758||mahi-mahi, common dolphinfish, or dorado||Gulf of Mexico, Costa Rica, Hawaii and Indian Ocean.|
- Names brought to synonymy
- Coryphaena elegans Cuvier, 1833, a synonym for Luvarus imperialis Rafinesque, 1810
- "Dolphinfish Facts". whalefacts.org. 2016. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
- "Mahi-Mahi / Dolphins vs. real Dolphins - Straight Dope Message Board". 2002-12-19. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
- "Order CARANGIFORMES (part 1): Families LATIDAE, CENTROPOMIDAE, LACTARIIDAE, SPHYRAENIDAE, LEPTOBRAMIDAE, TOXOTIDAE, NEMATISTIIDAE, MENIDAE, XIPHIIDAE, ISTIOPHORIDAE, CORYPHAENIDAE, RACHYCENTRIDAE, ECHENEIDAE and CARANGIDAE". July 8, 2020.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). Species of Coryphaena in FishBase. April 2013 version.
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