Don Mueang District

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Don Mueang
ดอนเมือง
Aerial view of Don Mueang International Airport
Khet location in Bangkok
Khet location in Bangkok
Coordinates: 13°54′49″N 100°35′23″E / 13.91361°N 100.58972°E / 13.91361; 100.58972Coordinates: 13°54′49″N 100°35′23″E / 13.91361°N 100.58972°E / 13.91361; 100.58972
CountryThailand
ProvinceBangkok
SeatDon Mueang
Khwaeng3
Khet established4 September 1989
Area
 • Total36.803 km2 (14.210 sq mi)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total168,973[1]
 • Density4,591.28/km2 (11,891.4/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
10210
Geocode1036

Don Mueang (Thai: ดอนเมือง, RTGSDon Mueang, pronounced [dɔ̄ːn mɯ̄a̯ŋ]; lit. 'the upland where the town is located'; often spelled "Don Muang") is one of the 50 districts (khet) of Bangkok, Thailand. It is bounded by (from north clockwise): Mueang Pathum Thani and Lam Luk Ka of Pathum Thani Province; Sai Mai, Bang Khen and Lak Si of Bangkok; and Pak Kret of Nonthaburi Province. Don Mueang regarded as the uppermost area of Bangkok.

History[edit]

Don Mueang was once part of Bang Khen, but it became a district in its own right in 1989. Later in 1997, the southern part of Don Mueang was split off to establish a new district, Lak Si.

Initially, Don Mueang was an area of groves and fields, it was the habitat of various wildlife such as elephant. The old name for the area was "Don I Yiao" (ดอนอีเหยี่ยว) literally meaning 'upland of hawks' due to its geography and an abundance of those birds of prey, including vultures. There were only about 50 households living along the Khlong Prem Prachakon canal and the current uppermost of airport area. There was only one transportation route, namely railway.

The new name was given by King Vajiravudh when the Royal Thai Air Force base was established there.[2] When air force base and airport were established prosperity gradually entered Don Mueang respectively.[3]

Places[edit]

Arrival hall, Don Mueang International Airport

Administration[edit]

The district is divided into three sub-districts (khwaengs).

1. Si Kan  สีกัน
2. Don Mueang  ดอนเมือง
3. Sanam Bin  สนามบิน

Politics[edit]

Don Mueang has been a stronghold for the Pheu Thai Party (and its predecessors, Thai Rak Thai Party and People's Power Party),[4] winning in every general and gubernatorial elections after the 2006 coup and is considered a "deep red" district. The last time the Democrats had an MP in the constituency was in 1976.[5] However in late-2012, Kanoknuch Naksuwanpha, a Democrat and a long-time local politician, won an upset election to secure her seat on the city council. It is believed that the reason she won was because of her long ties with Don Mueang as she built her political base in the area for decades.[6]

Later in the mid-2013, Tankhun Jitt-itsara, a Democrat candidate, defeated Yuranunt Pamornmontri, a Pheu Thai candidate, in the Don Mueang re-election to replace the former MP Karun Hosakul, who had been disqualified by the Election Commission of Thailand (ECT). It was the Democrat Party's first victory in the district in almost 40 years.[7]

MPs[edit]

Electoral district[edit]

  • 2007 - Bangkok 5th district
  • 2011 - Bangkok 11th district (Sanam Bin), Bangkok 12th district (Don Mueang, Si Kan)
  • 2019 - Bangkok 10th district

District Council[edit]

The district council for Don Mueang has eight members who serve four-year terms. 2006 Thailand local elections were last held on 30 April 2006. The results were:

Economy[edit]

The economy is dominated by the presence of Don Mueang International Airport. Airports of Thailand has its head office at Don Mueang.[8] Thai Lion Air also has its head office in the district.[9] The head offices of R Airlines and Solar Air are on the property of Don Mueang Airport.[10][11]

Education[edit]

Harrow International School, Bangkok is in the district.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population and House Report for Year 2017 (see page 2 for data of this district)". Department of Provincial Administration, Ministry of Internal Affairs. Retrieved 2018-04-01. (Search page)
  2. ^ "ประวัติความเป็นมา" [Historically] (in Thai). Archived from the original on 2018-04-01. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  3. ^ "'ดอนเมือง' ชื่อนั้นสำคัญไฉน" ['Don Mueang' cute name or not]. Daily News (in Thai). 2013-06-16. Retrieved 2020-01-04.
  4. ^ Don Mueang by-election expected to be very tight The Nation
  5. ^ Don Muang bye election a test of popularity Bangkok Post
  6. ^ Kanoknuch's long ties with Don Muang led to win The Nation
  7. ^ "Democrat Jitisara secures Don Muang by-election". Coconuts Bangkok. 2013-06-17. Retrieved 2021-01-06.
  8. ^ "Contact AOT". Airports of Thailand PLC. Archived from the original on 23 March 2018. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
  9. ^ "Contact us". Thai Lion Air. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
  10. ^ "Headquarter Archived 2016-03-13 at the Wayback Machine." [sic] R Airlines. Retrieved on 27 January 2013.
  11. ^ "About Solar Air". Solar Air. Archived from the original on 17 October 2016. Retrieved 6 October 2016.
  12. ^ "Contact Us Archived 2013-03-31 at the Wayback Machine." Harrow International School, Bangkok. Retrieved on 1 March 2013.

External links[edit]