Dr. Paul Janssen Award for Biomedical Research
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The Dr. Paul Janssen Award for Biomedical Research is given annually by Johnson & Johnson to honor the work of an active scientist in academia, industry or a scientific institute in the field of biomedical research. It was established in 2004 and perpetuates the memory of Paul Janssen, the founder of Janssen Pharmaceutica, a Johnson & Johnson subsidiary.
The Dr. Paul Janssen Award includes a $200,000 prize and acknowledges the work of an individual who has made a significant, transformational contribution toward the improvement of human health.
Johnson & Johnson created the award in 2004 with the following goals:
- To honor the memory of Janssen, his dedication to excellence and his leadership of young scientists
- To promote, recognize and reward passion and creativity in biomedical research
- To underscore Johnson & Johnson's commitment to scientific excellence in the advancement of healthcare knowledge, while fulfilling its responsibility in the community
Paul Adriaan Jan Janssen (1926 - 2003)
Known to his colleagues as “Dr. Paul,” Janssen was the founder of Janssen Pharmaceutica, N.V., a pharmaceutical research laboratory based in Beerse, Belgium, and a physician-scientist who helped save millions of lives through his contribution to the discovery and development of more than 80 medicines. His work was responsible for many breakthroughs in several fields of disease, including pain management, psychiatry, infectious disease and gastroenterology. In addition, he has more than 100 patents to his name.
The award recipients are selected by an independent committee of scientists from leading academic and scientific institutions, whose own research contributions have resulted in critical advances in improving human health. The 2010 Selection Committee includes past Nobel Laureates, members of the National Academy of Sciences and previous winners of The Dr. Paul Janssen Award.
The Selection Committee chooses a scientist in basic or clinical research, who:
- Has made a significant contribution to research that has impacted, or has strong potential to impact, human health through the diagnosis, treatment or prevention of disease
- Exhibits the standards of innovation, insight and leadership that Janssen exemplified during his career
- Provides a living example that the study of science and technology can enable or has the potential to enable extended, healthy, productive life
- Displays a set of ethical values consistent with the Johnson & Johnson Credo and those values that guide Johnson & Johnson
The award can be given to a scientist in academia, government, industry, a private research institution or medical or clinical practice. It typically will recognize an individual scientist, but can be shared if the contributions of the nominees are considered to have similar importance.
- 2006: Craig C. Mello, a professor of Molecular Medicine at the University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA, and an investigator at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, for his role in the discovery of RNA interference (RNAi) and the elucidation of its biological functions
- 2008: Professor Marc Feldmann and Emeritus Professor Sir Ravinder N. Maini of The Kennedy Institute of Rheumatology, Imperial College London, for their role in the discovery of tumor necrosis factor-alpha, or TNF-alpha, as an effective therapeutic target for rheumatoid arthritis and other autoimmune diseases.
- 2009: Axel Ullrich, director of the Department of Molecular Biology, Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry in Germany, for his pioneering work in applying molecular biology and molecular cloning to the discovery of protein therapeutics for the treatment of a wide range of diseases, including diabetes and cancer. 
- 2010: Anthony S. Fauci, Director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) and Erik De Clercq, Professor Emeritus, Rega Institute for Medical Research. Dr. Fauci received the award for his pioneering contributions to basic and clinical research in the areas of AIDS and other immunodeficiencies, both as a scientist and through his service as the Director of the NIAID. Dr. De Clercq was recognized for his landmark discoveries in anti-HIV medications, including nucleotide analogues, and inventions or co-inventions of several approved drugs for anti-viral therapy.
- 2011: Napoleone Ferrara, Genentech Fellow, for his research on angiogenesis, the process of new blood vessel formation that plays a key role in cancer proliferation and a number of other diseases. Dr. Ferrara’s discoveries opened the door to the development of a new class of therapeutics to combat a serious eye disorder and contributed to the development of new oncology therapeutics.
- 2012: Victor Ambros, of the University of Massachusetts Medical School, and Gary Ruvkun of Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, for their collaborative discovery of microRNAs (miRNAs) as central regulators of gene expression and development.
- 2013: David Julius, chair of the Department of Physiology at the University of California, San Francisco for his discovery of the molecular mechanism that controls thermosensation.
- 2014: Emmanuelle Charpentier, Professor at the Hannover Medical School and Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research (HZI), Germany and The Laboratory for Molecular Infection Medicine Sweden(MIMS), Umeå University, Sweden and Jennifer Doudna, a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigator and Li Ka Shing Professor of Biochemistry, Biophysics and Structural Biology, University of California, Berkeley, for their work on a new method for precise and facile genomic editing. 
- 2015: Bert Vogelstein, Johns Hopkins University, Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute, for his breakthroughs in oncology research.
- 2016: Yoshinori Ohsumi, Professor, Frontier Research Center, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Yokohama, Japan, for his pioneering discoveries in the field of autophagy.
- 2017: Douglas C. Wallace, Founder and Director, Center for Mitochondrial and Epigenomic Medicine, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia; Professor of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Perelman School of Medicine,University of Pennsylvania, for For pioneering the field of human mitochondrial genetics and its application to the study of disease, aging, and patterns of human migration.
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- "Final list" (PDF). www.pauljanssenaward.com. Retrieved 2019-06-04.
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- "For Immediate Release" (PDF). Retrieved 2019-06-04.
- "Winner announcement" (PDF). www.pauljanssenaward.com. 2011. Retrieved 2019-06-04.
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- "Winner announcement" (PDF). www.pauljanssenaward.com. 2013. Retrieved 2019-06-04.
- "Winner announcement" (PDF). www.pauljanssenaward.com. 2014. Retrieved 2019-06-04.
- "Highlights from the 2016 Dr. Paul Janssen Award Celebration". Dr. Paul Janssen Award for Biomedical Research. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
- Grens, Kerry (3 October 2016). "Autophagy Pioneer Wins Nobel". The Scientist. LabX Media Group. Retrieved 12 October 2016.