Dual sector education
Dual sector education is a system of tertiary education that includes substantial amounts of both vocational (skills-based) and higher (academic-based) education in the same institution. Dual sector education is offered by colleges and universities worldwide, most prominently in Australia, Austria, Germany, Ireland, New Zealand, Switzerland and the United Kingdom. It differs from, and/or can also encompass, the similarly termed dual education system - which combines both vocational education within a school and an apprenticeship within a workplace. Moodie distinguishes between single sector institutions which offer 97% of their teaching in one sector, mixed sector institutions which teach from 3% to 20% of their students in their smaller sector, and dual sector institutions which have substantial (> 20% of their load) in each of vocational and higher education.
- Wheelahan 2000
- Bathmaker et al. 2008, pp. 125–137
- Reform to Vocational Education Archived February 20, 2006, at the Wayback Machine., Federal Ministry of Education and Research (Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung)
- Gavin Moodie, Australia: the emergence of dual sector universities a draft of a chapter in Neil Garrod and Bruce Macfarlane (eds) Challenging boundaries. Managing the integration of post-secondary education, Routledge, Taylor and Francis, New York, pages 59-76.
Wheelahan, Leesa (2000), Bridging the Divide: Developing the Institutional Structures That Most Effectively Deliver Cross-Sectoral Education and Training, Leabrook (Australia): National Centre for Vocational Education Research, ISBN 0-87397-656-8
Bathmaker, Ann-Marie; Brooks, Greg; Parry, Gareth; Smith, David (2008), "Dual-sector further and higher education: policies, organisations and students in transition"; Research Papers in Education, Volume 23; Issue 2, London (UK): Routledge, ISSN 1470-1146